One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Inflammation of the pleurae, which impairs their lubricating function and causes pain when breathing. It is caused by pneumonia and other diseases of the chest or abdomen.
- ‘He learned to recognize pneumonia, bronchiectasis, pleurisy, emphysema, pneumothorax, phthisis, and other lung diseases from the sounds he heard with his stethoscope.’
- ‘The sole patient with benign pleural disease showing a mediastinal pleural involvement on MRI was identified pathologically as tuberculous pleurisy.’
- ‘Most cases are asymptomatic, but some present with hemoptysis, cough, chest pain, dyspnea, and pleurisy.’
- ‘In 1859, when she was staying at her grandparents' home, Lotty became ill with bronchitis and pleurisy, diseases which seem to have affected her for the rest of her life.’
- ‘I accept her evidence that recurring pneumonia and pleurisy and an arthritic condition significantly interfered with that effort in the spring of 2002.’
Late Middle English: from Old French pleurisie, from late Latin pleurisis, alteration of earlier Latin pleuritis, from Greek pleura ‘side of the body, rib’.
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