Definition of plenary in English:



  • 1Unqualified; absolute.

    ‘crusaders were offered a plenary indulgence by the Pope’
    • ‘During this reargument it became obvious that the tribunal had intended a limited argument on four new transaction summary tables attached to the reasons, but not a plenary reargument on all the findings in the reasons.’
    • ‘Yes, I believe the word of God is inerrant, it is infallible, it is the completely sufficient, plenary, verbally inspired word of God.’
    • ‘Now, the plenary power for immigration, which means the ability to make law with respect to immigration, rests with the Congress of the United States, not with an appointed trade representative.’
    • ‘Indeed, as Richard points out, the plenary indulgence first given to the Crusaders soon ceased to be the primary motive for undertaking a Crusade.’
    • ‘A plenary indulgence may be gained each day up to and including November 8th, by visiting a cemetery and there praying for the holy souls and the Pope's intentions.’
    • ‘Obviously, the trustworthiness, perspicuity and plenary inspiration of Scripture cannot be maintained aside from the belief that the Bible is a thoroughly self-consistent whole.’
    • ‘Being a student of medieval history, I've been aware for a long time of the doctrine of plenary indulgences within the Catholic Church.’
    • ‘The disciplinary committee will have plenary powers and their decisions will have to be to Leinster Council.’
    • ‘On the other hand, where there is no intelligible standard and where the legislature has given a plenary discretion to do whatever seems best in a wide set of circumstances, there is no ‘limit prescribed by law’.’
    • ‘They take as their point of reference the Holy Year of 1300 when Boniface VIII proclaimed the Church's first Jubilee and granted a plenary indulgence to all pilgrims; 200,000 of the faithful came.’
    • ‘They talk about the Republican legislature having plenary power, et cetera, et cetera.’
    • ‘In fact, there was a nice irony in the Pope declaring a plenary indulgence for the millennium year only a few days before the Lutheran / Roman Catholic announcement on justification.’
    • ‘It affirms the plenary inspiration and inerrancy of the Holy Scriptures, original sin, substitutionary atonement and justification by faith.’
    • ‘The President has plenary power to engage in war and surveillance.’
    • ‘While the Vatican promises plenary indulgences for various pilgrim activities, such spiritual benefits play a rather insignificant part in the overall plan of activities.’
    • ‘It is important that we go to confession and receive Holy Communion, attend Mass and visit the cemetery to gain a plenary indulgence for the Holy Souls.’
    • ‘Hamilton was given the post of Inspector-General with plenary power.’
    • ‘By contrast, there is nothing in the history that led up to the ratification of the 21st Amendment to suggest that there would have been any reason to give the states plenary power over interstate commerce regarding alcohol.’
    • ‘The question that arises Constitutionally is, is the plenary power referred limited to matters which go forward from the date of referral?’
    unconditional, unlimited, unrestricted, unqualified, absolute, complete, sweeping, comprehensive
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  • 2(of a meeting) to be attended by all participants at a conference or assembly, who otherwise meet in smaller groups.

    ‘a plenary session of the European Parliament’
    • ‘The conference, structured in plenary meetings and task forces, enabled the two superpower adversaries to edge slowly toward greater understanding.’
    • ‘The Council session on Saturday, June 11, ran concurrently with the annual meeting plenary session.’
    • ‘When the Society for Cinema Studies asked me to sit on the plenary panel addressing the ‘State of the Profession’ in March, I hesitated.’
    • ‘The observers will play a full role in their groups, take part in committee meetings and attend plenary sessions without voting rights.’
    • ‘As soon as the translation went through in Arabic, many Moroccans and other delegates from Islamic countries were on their feet shouting in Arabic, chanting, and heading for the plenary stage.’
    • ‘Of the assembly's 272 members, 266 attended a plenary session for the voting.’
    • ‘The annual meeting plenary sessions were held Saturday morning and afternoon.’
    • ‘The committee's report will be discussed at a 9 March assembly plenary meeting.’
    • ‘It means that at least 448 legislators have to attend a plenary meeting to endorse the fourth phase of amendments.’
    • ‘The plenary meeting of the People's Consultative Assembly's Annual Session skirted controversy on the issue of a regional representatives faction when it referred to the issue to be discussed in a commission.’
    • ‘He was back at work later in the day and briefly took up his parliamentary seat during the start of the National Assembly's plenary session.’
    • ‘At 9 am it closes until 1 pm, thereby permitting the attendees to attend the plenary session, best paper awards, seminars, and lunch.’
    • ‘The plenary meeting met the quorum as it was attended by 31 councillors, or more than two-thirds of the 45 members of the regency council.’
    • ‘His proposal, outlined during a plenary session of the conference, triggered a lively debate among conference participants.’
    • ‘The participants in the plenary session when the report was presented said that the recommendations made in the first report had been implemented and Bulgaria maintained a high level of operational safety.’
    • ‘‘I'm very excited to see the plenary speakers,’ he said.’
    • ‘There will be plenary talks between the two official delegations.’
    • ‘Computer science students often learn best through hands-on experimentation and tinkering with technology, and as Jamie Boyle noted in his plenary talk, unplanned experimentation often bears the biggest educational fruit.’
    • ‘March would have seen the First Minister and Deputy First Minister and executive confirmed by the Assembly with a plenary meeting of the North South Ministerial Council.’
    • ‘These candidates will then be asked to attend a plenary session of the council to explain their policies and visions.’
    • ‘Governors, regents and mayors will also attend the plenary meeting at the national legislative complex.’
    full, fully constituted, general, complete, entire, open
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  • A meeting or session attended by all participants at a conference or assembly.

    ‘working parties would report back to the plenary with recommendations’
    • ‘Group staff perform a variety of duties, ranging from administrative routines to drafting background memos, following developments in committees and drawing up whips in plenaries.’
    • ‘Smith told me that he especially enjoyed the plenaries given each day on agricultural watersheds, watershed cycling of pollutants and urban runoff.’
    • ‘Why were these decisions and the overall content of this meeting never dealt with by parliament in an official plenary?’
    • ‘In fact, much of the focus of the meeting - in workshops, in plenaries, at meals, on the beach and at Friday's rally - was on building and growing a movement.’
    • ‘Also, it didn't permit of holding such numbers on one site, so going from plenaries or the big seminars up the hill to detailed discussions involved a long trip across London.’
    • ‘The conference closed with an action plenary, drawing together conclusions that had been reached during the workshops, and proposing upcoming actions.’
    • ‘But after all the workshops, plenaries and debates are concluded, even if people figure out what they want, they're still going to have to take very seriously the question of how they are going to get it.’
    • ‘There were no open plenaries and no chance to vote on the structure of future events.’
    • ‘The organisers hope that between 60,000 and 80,000 people will take part in 26 plenaries, 60 seminars and 900 workshops.’
    • ‘They packed into plenaries and workshops to follow and take part in an immense variety of different debates.’
    • ‘All these issues will be debated at plenaries and workshops at the conference, and it should help in strengthening the left throughout the region.’
    • ‘And, as a rule, the committees meet in Brussels to prepare the business of the plenaries.’
    • ‘I attended only the plenary of the same title and found it lacking in the vibrancy that characterized much of the rest of the conference.’
    • ‘All other plenaries, workshops and seminars were self-organized by individuals, groups and organizations through an open, non-competitive submission process.’
    • ‘I was pleased to learn that the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre in January 2005 will dispense with plenaries altogether.’
    • ‘There were numerous plenaries and workshops on women's rights as well during the official European Social Forum.’
    • ‘Our theme in 1998-1999 was ‘Urban Christianity,’ and the plenaries included sessions on the first urban Christians, the city of Atlanta, patterns of wealth and marginalization in the metropolis, and forms of church in the city.’
    • ‘The plenaries met with varying success, largely due to the demands of jam-packed days and the lure of London outside the conference center.’
    • ‘I believe changing this is one way we could save time and make plenaries more productive.’
    • ‘It is entirely international - all of the plenaries and seminars are translated into at least five languages and more than half the advance registrations are from outside Britain.’
    meeting, sitting, assembly, conclave, plenary
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Late Middle English: from late Latin plenarius ‘complete’, from plenus ‘full’.