Definition of plectrum in English:



  • 1A thin flat piece of plastic, tortoiseshell, or other slightly flexible material held by or worn on the fingers and used to pluck the strings of a musical instrument such as a guitar.

    • ‘The arched-top guitar came to the fore as the regular plectrum guitar for jazz, giving chords of a penetrating, rather metallic quality.’
    • ‘His fingers flew across the frets while I was sure the plectrum he was holding should have been worn to shreds as he played.’
    • ‘In the record's silences, you can actually hear hands on strings, and then the pluck, pull and plectrum that give rise again to their unadorned sound.’
    • ‘I spent another long evening easing the paint off the curves of the guitar with the edge of a plectrum.’
    • ‘With a jerk, I smashed the plectrum hard down my guitar, sending an ear splitting screech of metal throughout the building.’
    • ‘He doesn't use a plectrum, preferring to stroke out bass notes with his thumb.’
    • ‘I normally don't use a plectrum but my right hand fingers were hurting so much I had to relent.’
    • ‘All that is needed is an electric guitar, a plectrum, a good quality 20 ft lead and an enthusiasm to learn.’
    • ‘However, this, their debut offering, favours the accomplished philosophy of Kirkwood's plectrum.’
    • ‘No, we'd probably still be meeting in town each Saturday afternoon half-deaf in our denims with pockets full of plectrums and heads full of cheap dope and impossible dreams.’
    • ‘If you refer to your collection of tortoiseshell guitar picks as plectra, the rest of your rock group are going to make merciless fun of you.’
    • ‘I was wondering if I'd left a plectrum at your house last Saturday.’
    • ‘Those plectrums are a bit like a collection of musical bus tickets.’
    • ‘I used to work in the music shop there and we'd supply the studios with microphones and leads sometimes and plectrums, lots of plectrums.’
    • ‘There was a lone bass guitar propped up in a corner across the room, an unplugged amp beside it and plectrums and sheets of paper on the floor around it.’
    • ‘Ten of its twenty-five strings are played with a plectrum, while the others resonate.’
    • ‘Ben strikes into song after song, the volume adjusted by only the slightest touch of his nimble plectrum, and the band just fall into place behind him and that breathy, to instantly soaring, vocal.’
    1. 1.1 The mechanical part corresponding to a plectrum which plucks the strings of an instrument such as a harpsichord.
      • ‘Of all the little maintenance procedures that harpsichord owners must attend to, replacing a plectrum is perhaps the thorniest of issues.’
      • ‘The problems of construction, strings and tunings aside, the critical issue is that the instrument is played not with plectrums, bows or hammers, but only by the hand.’
      • ‘‘Its plectra - which pluck the strings to produce the harpsichord's sound - were replaced using black turkey quills, which they would have been made from originally,’ she said.’
      • ‘In a harpsichord, there is a separate plectrum for each string.’


Late Middle English: via Latin from Greek plēktron something with which to strike, from plēssein to strike.