Definition of plectrum in English:

plectrum

noun

  • 1A thin flat piece of plastic, tortoiseshell, or other slightly flexible material held by or worn on the fingers and used to pluck the strings of a musical instrument such as a guitar.

    • ‘I spent another long evening easing the paint off the curves of the guitar with the edge of a plectrum.’
    • ‘I normally don't use a plectrum but my right hand fingers were hurting so much I had to relent.’
    • ‘The arched-top guitar came to the fore as the regular plectrum guitar for jazz, giving chords of a penetrating, rather metallic quality.’
    • ‘He doesn't use a plectrum, preferring to stroke out bass notes with his thumb.’
    • ‘No, we'd probably still be meeting in town each Saturday afternoon half-deaf in our denims with pockets full of plectrums and heads full of cheap dope and impossible dreams.’
    • ‘If you refer to your collection of tortoiseshell guitar picks as plectra, the rest of your rock group are going to make merciless fun of you.’
    • ‘His fingers flew across the frets while I was sure the plectrum he was holding should have been worn to shreds as he played.’
    • ‘There was a lone bass guitar propped up in a corner across the room, an unplugged amp beside it and plectrums and sheets of paper on the floor around it.’
    • ‘In the record's silences, you can actually hear hands on strings, and then the pluck, pull and plectrum that give rise again to their unadorned sound.’
    • ‘Those plectrums are a bit like a collection of musical bus tickets.’
    • ‘Ten of its twenty-five strings are played with a plectrum, while the others resonate.’
    • ‘All that is needed is an electric guitar, a plectrum, a good quality 20 ft lead and an enthusiasm to learn.’
    • ‘I was wondering if I'd left a plectrum at your house last Saturday.’
    • ‘Ben strikes into song after song, the volume adjusted by only the slightest touch of his nimble plectrum, and the band just fall into place behind him and that breathy, to instantly soaring, vocal.’
    • ‘However, this, their debut offering, favours the accomplished philosophy of Kirkwood's plectrum.’
    • ‘I used to work in the music shop there and we'd supply the studios with microphones and leads sometimes and plectrums, lots of plectrums.’
    • ‘With a jerk, I smashed the plectrum hard down my guitar, sending an ear splitting screech of metal throughout the building.’
    1. 1.1 The mechanical part corresponding to a plectrum which plucks the strings of an instrument such as a harpsichord.
      • ‘‘Its plectra - which pluck the strings to produce the harpsichord's sound - were replaced using black turkey quills, which they would have been made from originally,’ she said.’
      • ‘Of all the little maintenance procedures that harpsichord owners must attend to, replacing a plectrum is perhaps the thorniest of issues.’
      • ‘In a harpsichord, there is a separate plectrum for each string.’
      • ‘The problems of construction, strings and tunings aside, the critical issue is that the instrument is played not with plectrums, bows or hammers, but only by the hand.’

Origin

Late Middle English: via Latin from Greek plēktron ‘something with which to strike’, from plēssein ‘to strike’.

Pronunciation

plectrum

/ˈplɛktrəm/