Definition of plastron in English:

plastron

noun

  • 1A large pad worn by a fencer to protect the chest.

    • ‘Of course, in addition to the dress itself, is worn the regular fencing outfit of plastron, (or body shield,) padded gauntlet gloves, and centaurs, (or elastic belts).’
    • ‘This is to prevent the mesh from becoming valid target in the event that it comes into contact with any part of the metallic plastron during fencing.’
    1. 1.1historical A steel breastplate worn beneath a hauberk.
      • ‘His arms are in plate armour, and his body in a shortened hauberk, kept from pressing on his chest, by means of the plastron, or breast-plate, within.’
      • ‘The one on the right shows the red plastron worn by this regiment.’
  • 2An ornamental front of a woman's bodice or shirt consisting of colourful material with lace or embroidery, fashionable in the late 19th century.

    • ‘They are characterized by vivid colors, often edged in black by densely worked plastrons and in particular by net sleeves with wool embroidery.’
    • ‘The woman's dress, with an embroidered plastron (bodice) worn over a wide-sleeved shirt and embroidered Hennin, is typical of the Jewish women of Constantine.’
    1. 2.1 A man's starched shirt front without pleats.
      • ‘Like the original, this shirt has an elaborate inset plastron, a half-length button band and a decorative bar tack originally used to keep the chest section buttoned tightly to the trouser waistband.’
  • 3Zoology
    The underside part of a tortoise's or turtle's shell.

    • ‘No tortoise had sufficient wear to the carapace or plastron to obscure annuli.’
    • ‘Counter-shading of the shell conceals the turtle from predators, making it difficult to distinguish the dark carapace from the sea floor and the light plastron from the lighter sky.’
    • ‘The plastrons of all hatchlings were photocopied for future identification and hatchling body masses and straight-line carapace lengths were recorded.’
    • ‘In addition, the carapace and plastron of each turtle were photographed.’
    • ‘This pattern, like the pattern of the dermal bones and the pattern of the scutes and bones of the plastron (ventral shell) is remarkably consistent across all turtles, particularly extant forms.’
    1. 3.1 A ventral plate similar to a plastron in some invertebrate animals.
      • ‘For example, the plastron is a feature involved in important evolutionary changes during the early spatangoid history and underlies a distinct pattern of disparity.’
      • ‘Also, most specimens are molts, based on thickness of the carapace and posterior displacement of the sternal plastron.’
      • ‘To date, more than 20 specimens of D. australis have been collected at this locality, all within galleries and with dislocated plastrons.’
    2. 3.2Entomology (in an aquatic insect) a patch of cuticle covered with hairs which retain a thin layer of air that acts like a gill for breathing under water.
      • ‘Its underside is covered with a dense layer of very fine, silky hairs that trap air contained in the cocoon to form a thin, silvery cushion, called a plastron.’
      • ‘Insects living here can usually rely on gills, plastrons, or cuticular respiration to meet their metabolic demand for oxygen.’
      • ‘This bubble is then ‘caught’ by the antennae, causing the air it contains to spread through the plastron to reach the spiracles, or breathing holes, on the beetle's abdomen.’

Origin

Early 16th century: from French, from Italian piastrone, augmentative of piastra ‘breastplate’, from Latin emplastrum ‘a plaster’ (see plaster).

Pronunciation

plastron

/ˈplastrən/