Definition of plaster in English:

plaster

noun

  • 1mass noun A soft mixture of sand and cement and sometimes lime with water, for spreading on walls, ceilings, or other structures, to form a smooth hard surface when dried.

    ‘strip away the plaster to expose the bare brick’
    as modifier ‘the crumbling plaster ceiling’
    • ‘To make such a rectangular and austere space appropriate for music, walls are treated with acoustic plaster and ceilings are absorbent too.’
    • ‘If you are nailing over a lath and plaster ceiling, longer nails may be needed.’
    • ‘Joists are the framing members in the ceiling that the plaster or drywall is attached to.’
    • ‘The nature of their decoration, whether by painted plaster on walls or ceilings, or by tessellated and mosaic floors, compares well with that from the countryside.’
    • ‘Both rooms have been stylishly decorated to highlight period features such as marble fireplaces and decorative plaster ceilings.’
    • ‘Mineral fiber tile ceilings have replaced plaster and wallboard ceilings.’
    • ‘With its high ceiling and original ornamental plaster coving, marble fireplace, vast mirror and chandelier, it could be the set for a period drama.’
    • ‘Since you mentioned that your walls are plaster as opposed to drywall, this makes things a little easier.’
    • ‘Wall materials such as stucco, cement, brick, plaster, stone, and block are most resistant to high temperatures.’
    • ‘The only function of plaster on walls and ceilings, unless it is itself elaborately decorative, is to serve as a smooth surface on which to place decorative paper or paint.’
    • ‘The storage room has exposed brick and plaster walls, a stone floor and an unusual ox's harness chandelier.’
    • ‘The floor is wood, the ceiling is gypsum board, and the walls are part plaster on masonry and part gypsum board on randomly spaced framing.’
    • ‘In addition to a softer color, color washing can accentuate the texture of your plaster or stucco walls.’
    • ‘Across the hall is a spacious drawing room with a large bay window, ornate marble fireplace, decorative plaster coving and ceiling rose.’
    • ‘Drywall can be used to cover conventional bare stud walls or damaged lath and plaster walls.’
    • ‘Gouges or holes in the walls must be repaired with wall board compound, spackle, or patching plaster.’
    • ‘Ceiling medallions over 20 inches in diameter and all plaster ceiling medallions require mechanical fastening.’
    • ‘Cracks gaped in building walls, and chunks of plaster fell from ceilings.’
    • ‘The pale green plaster fireplace wall of the master bedroom includes niches for books and artwork.’
    • ‘This demolition exposed ‘stripes’ of structure throughout the existing plaster walls and ceilings.’
    plasterwork, stucco
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A hard white substance made by the addition of water to powdered and partly dehydrated gypsum, used for holding broken bones in place and making sculptures and casts.
      ‘he had both arms in plaster’
      as modifier ‘a small plaster statue of Our Lady’
      • ‘Basic items such as gloves, mosquito nets, stationery, plaster of Paris and cleaning fluids are often out of stock.’
      • ‘Although it provides a durable interior surface, gypsum plaster is too water soluble to use on exterior walls.’
      • ‘Then, another set of plaster of Paris molds were created.’
      • ‘Her artisans generally use plaster of Paris, though she does use stone dust, fibreglass and bronze on request.’
      • ‘Against the plaster of Paris, he has used stone oxide powder, a more sophisticated material, that gives a refined finishing and a sturdy look to the end product.’
      • ‘Mix up some plaster of Paris with the water in the paper cup, stirring until smooth with the Popsicle stick.’
      • ‘Once the design is selected, a dough made of ceramic powder, plaster of Paris, cotton and glue is shaped accordingly.’
      • ‘The root was fixed in position with a small quantity of plaster of Paris, and the whole seedling was covered loosely with the wetted soil.’
      • ‘Positive casts are also made of plaster of Paris.’
      • ‘There, children are busy making soft toys, painting pots and murals, making things out of clay, plaster of Paris, creating collages, paper flowers, etc.’
      • ‘The splint can be made with various materials ranging from thin metal to plaster of Paris.’
      • ‘A replica of the assembly in clay and plaster of Paris in the museum gives you a pithy idea about the people, their dress and social standing.’
      • ‘Variations on sugar paste, more or less inedible, include starch or plaster of Paris amongst their ingredients, and are intended purely for decoration.’
      • ‘They worked like dogs and saved up and made a plaster of Paris mould of the farm to show the boys what their new home looked like.’
      • ‘But now, he often works in the same place with simple materials such as plaster of Paris, coir fibre and gunny cloth, things that charm him forever.’
      • ‘Specialist mold makers created master patterns, which were used to fabricate working molds in plaster of Paris.’
      • ‘Calcium is also used to make drywall and plaster of Paris (calcium sulfate).’
      • ‘We filled the pole void with plaster of Paris, and we now have a clear idea of what it actually looked like.’
      • ‘We gave them a bottle of water so they could make a plaster of Paris cast for a kid who had broken his arm.’
      • ‘For pieces with intricate designs, moulds of plaster of Paris are used.’
      plaster of paris, gypsum
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    2. 1.2 The powder from which plaster of Paris is made.
      • ‘Mix dry plaster of Paris with water until you have a thick, pudding-like consistency.’
      • ‘I watch her sifting plaster of Paris through her fingers as she sprinkles it slowly onto limp water.’
      • ‘Mother had inadvertently used plaster of Paris instead of flour.’
  • 2British An adhesive strip of material for covering cuts and wounds.

    ‘waterproof plasters’
    mass noun ‘a large piece of plaster on her forehead’
    • ‘I think my first aid kit is entirely made up of big plasters.’
    • ‘Waterproof plasters should be used over the wounds when showering.’
    • ‘I applied special plasters to the suppurating wounds there.’
    • ‘For minor cuts and grazes, washing them well and covering them with a plaster or dressing is usually all that is needed.’
    • ‘By 6pm he, with a plaster covering his war wound, appeared live to tell the nation about his close encounter on the mean streets of Dublin.’
    • ‘This includes covering cuts and broken skin with waterproof plasters and washing hands frequently and thoroughly.’
    • ‘A few plasters on my forehead had stopped the bleeding.’
    • ‘Make sure you have a good supply of plasters and other first-aid equipment handy.’
    • ‘He was in a body plaster for four months, and it was a while before he returned to trumpet playing.’
    • ‘The plasters cost E2 and contain five large and five small adhesive dressings, which are useful to everyone.’
    • ‘Great care must be taken, especially with the fitting of plasters, to prevent chafing and subsequent ulcer formation elsewhere on the foot or ankle.’
    • ‘If you have a verruca, cover it with a plaster when you go swimming.’
    • ‘But these are like applying plasters to gaping wounds.’
    • ‘Frequently he would return to the ward at night to check a plaster or that a tourniquet had not been left in situ inadvertently.’
    • ‘If you cut, scratch or break your skin in any way, make sure the wound is cleaned, treated with antiseptic, and covered with a plaster or dressing if necessary.’
    • ‘In addition to medicines, it might be worth investing in a small first-aid kit, containing plasters, dressings, tweezers and the like.’
    • ‘It comes in a stylish plastic case and includes a foil blanket, gloves, cleansing wipes, dressings and plasters.’
    • ‘If you're super-organised, your list should also include plasters, some kind of disinfectant and antihistamines or an inhaler, should you need them.’
    • ‘What I did get from her was a sticky plaster to put on my wound to stop the bleeding.’
    • ‘The injuries were treated conservatively with below-knee plasters.’
    sticking plaster, adhesive dressing, dressing, bandage
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1dated A bandage on which a poultice or liniment is spread for application.
      • ‘These agents could be used in a pure form but are best utilized in concoctions, plasters, poultices, packs, washes or fumigants.’
      • ‘Medicated gauze, alcohol cotton balls or dermatitis plasters are also necessary.’
      • ‘Lotions, plasters, and ointments sold at the store can sometimes be used to remove a wart.’
      • ‘It is usually followed by herbal plasters and poultices called lepa to help draw toxins out of the pores of the skin.’
      • ‘The company has developed a patented technology, m-doc, which is used as an anti-bleeding ingredient in plasters.’

verb

[with object]
  • 1Cover (a wall, ceiling, or other structure) with plaster.

    ‘the inside walls were plastered and painted’
    ‘the old windows have been filled and plastered over’
    • ‘The occupants say the walls are already cracked and the builders did not finish the floors or plaster the walls.’
    • ‘There are a couple of possible scenarios here that depend on how your wall was plastered.’
    • ‘However, the outside walls were never plastered and asbestos was the material used for the roof.’
    • ‘Behind an apparently innocent piece of wall was a secret doorway that had been plastered over and sealed.’
    • ‘Almost always, the walls are plastered and whitewashed.’
    • ‘Over time, plaster walls and ceilings may develop stress-cracks.’
    • ‘Much to the surprise of the construction crew, all the interior walls were plastered and given a coat of white.’
    • ‘The sloped ceilings were plastered, the cream plaster discolored in places, completely broken away in others.’
    • ‘The brick walls will be plastered and painted and there will be improvements to toilets and disabled access with work starting in the next few weeks.’
    • ‘To prepare for finished floors it was necessary to plaster the walls of the hall.’
    • ‘My walls and ceiling were plastered and at some point covered with wallpaper.’
    • ‘The brick walls were plastered over with lime of which some traces can be seen.’
    • ‘The more familiar you are with your materials, and the larger you make your test patches, the fewer the surprises you'll find when plastering the walls for real.’
    • ‘I have plastered the kitchen ceiling and have not even charged her for it.’
    • ‘Meanwhile there is a real danger that Scotland is becoming a place where everyone has a degree, but nobody can fix your sink or plaster your wall.’
    • ‘The DIY project involved creating ten special bays where students could learn skills ranging from wiring a plug to plastering a wall, she added.’
    • ‘The high ceiling and the upper walls were plastered and whitewashed, a brilliant white in the illumination from skylights.’
    • ‘Inside, the walls were all plastered and painted pale colours with cream carpets - very novel for the early 1970s in Ireland.’
    • ‘They were doing some renovation work in some rooms, and in one, a worker was plastering the ceiling.’
    • ‘They've had a call from the tenant who says that the shower is leaking into the apartment below and he thinks it's because the surrounding walls are plastered, not tiled.’
    • ‘The stone walls were plastered and colorfully painted, and there was a fireplace on the central wall.’
    cover thickly, smother, spread, smear, cake, coat, daub, bedaub, overlay
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1plaster something with/in Coat or cover something with (a substance), especially to an extent considered excessive.
      ‘a face plastered in heavy make-up’
      • ‘At an exhibition in the Ikon Gallery in Birmingham earlier this year, she recreated Stroke by plastering the walls of one room with chocolate.’
      • ‘And in her front room every inch of wall space was plastered with album covers, clocks, pictures, newspaper cuttings and a large Ziggy Stardust mirror.’
      • ‘Both sexes are plastered with band logos on bags, T-shirts, patches - Slipknot, Korn, The Deftones.’
      • ‘It is sponsored by beer company Tecate, and many of the vehicles are plastered with corporate logos, such as those of Honda and Red Bull.’
      • ‘Come December every other house will be plastered in the tackiest of tacky flashing lights and we will laugh, regaling each other with sightings of aesthetic atrocities.’
      • ‘Inside the bar every available wall and doorway was plastered with ‘no smoking’ signs of varying sizes.’
      • ‘Campaigners also fear the wall will be plastered with offensive graffiti and the flat surface will encourage children to sit on the top, only inches from a sheer drop to the sea and rock armour below.’
      • ‘Today's papers are plastered with yesterday's terror threats.’
      • ‘Sainsburys really got behind Comic Relief, plastering their stores in red noses.’
      • ‘Commercial Alert is appealing to journalists not to use the corporate names in sports articles - he says plastering ads in stories blurs the line between editorial and advertising.’
    2. 1.2with object and adverbial Make (hair) lie flat by applying a liquid to it.
      ‘his hair was plastered down with water’
      • ‘The rain had plastered his hair flat onto his forehead and turned his pony tail into a slick pointy tip.’
      • ‘His dark hair was plastered to his forehead by sweat and the general moisture in the air.’
      • ‘He was covered in sweat and a few rogue locks of hair were plastered to the sides of his face.’
      • ‘Her hair was plastered to her face from the long walk through the rain.’
      • ‘His black hair was plastered down with it and his shirt was sticking to him.’
      • ‘She was sweating hard and her hair was plastered to her face, framing it.’
      • ‘His face glistened with sweat, and his hair was plastered to his forehead, sticking out in some places.’
      • ‘It plastered their hair to their heads as they walked down the road, and chilled them to the bone.’
      • ‘Water plastered my hair to my red, sweaty face and I ended up looking more like a drenched beach ball than anything else.’
      • ‘Rain water was dripping off my nose and my hair was plastered to my face.’
      • ‘My hair was plastered down on my head and tied in a knot in the back so that it would be good and, you know, tight and flat.’
      • ‘All she knew was that when they were finally done dancing, there was sweat plastering her hair to her forehead and she was surprised it wasn't dripping down her arms.’
      • ‘Applying the starchy goo like a setting gel, he plastered his hair into a vertical thrust.’
      • ‘My hair was plastered to my head, and I raised my hand from instinct to fix it.’
      • ‘Her hair is plastered down with only a few stray hairs escaping.’
      • ‘Golden waves of hair were plastered to his face, dripping beads of water that one by one glided off the strands and rolled down his back.’
      • ‘The rain drenched him instantly, plastering his hair to his head and soaking through his thin shirt and trousers.’
      • ‘The rain water plastered her loose hair to her forehead.’
      • ‘His hair was plastered to his face, and his coat felt like it was sticking to his skin.’
      • ‘Her normally perfect ash-blonde hair was plastered to her forehead, and her cheekbones glistened in the dim light.’
      flatten, flatten down, smooth down, slick down, sleek down
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3with object and adverbial Display widely and conspicuously.
      ‘her story was plastered all over the December issue’
      • ‘Seeing signs plastered everywhere has got me wondering about how it is organised, and now I know.’
      • ‘There were posters and tattoo designs plastered all over the walls.’
      • ‘His picture's plastered all over the programme.’
      • ‘The following decades saw the surfer image plastered on billboards and glossy ads.’
      • ‘The correspondence from them came on KPMG letterhead, with the logo plastered on every page.’
      • ‘Open any national newspaper and you will find her plastered all over the pages, largely on the grounds of her weight gain.’
      • ‘More letters about those ludicrous mission statements that counties seem obliged to plaster everywhere.’
      • ‘It flies from every third building, it is emblazoned on shop displays, plastered on the bumpers of cars, and scrawled on anti-war banners.’
      • ‘It was a light purple, with pictures of the three of us plastered everywhere.’
      • ‘The press then mysteriously get involved and it's plastered all over the front pages.’
      • ‘Her image is plastered on billboards and bedroom walls all over Korea.’
      • ‘His face has been plastered on billboards just about everywhere.’
      • ‘The reason that the face is fresh in my mind is because it's plastered all over LA.’
      • ‘Political posters are plastered all over the walls and even on the concrete security barriers.’
      • ‘His company had plastered posters and media stories around the area telling everyone that track repair work would mean no trains that day and advertising replacement buses.’
      • ‘Why aren't stories like this plastered all over the mainstream media?’
      • ‘You have to wonder why he should want his life story plastered all over the daily papers.’
      • ‘How much of this explosive information was plastered across the front pages of the Australian media?’
      • ‘The villagers are wide-eyed with superstition, and crucifixes are plastered everywhere.’
      display, exhibit, show, put on display, draw attention to, present, spread, emblazon, flaunt, parade, reveal
      View synonyms
  • 2Apply a plaster cast or medical plaster to (a part of the body).

    • ‘Staff at Bath's Royal United Hospital are unwilling to plaster her leg because it would require giving her an anaesthetic, which could be dangerous with her heart problems.’
    • ‘My husband took her to the camp doctor who plastered her arm.’
  • 3dated, informal Bomb or shell (a target) heavily.

    ‘are they expecting the air force to plaster the city tonight or what?’
    • ‘The enemy plastered the troops in this position, particularly from the air, where he was unmolested, and followed the bombardment by a further attack on our position.’
    • ‘The support-by-fire elements plaster the T-80's area with machine gun fire and main gun rounds.’

Origin

Old English, denoting a bandage spread with a curative substance, from medieval Latin plastrum (shortening of Latin emplastrum, from Greek emplastron ‘daub, salve’), later reinforced by the Old French noun plastre. Sense 1 dates from late Middle English.

Pronunciation

plaster

/ˈplɑːstə/