Definition of plasmodium in English:



  • 1A parasitic protozoan of a genus which includes those causing malaria.

    Genus Plasmodium, phylum Sporozoa

    • ‘The most deadly form of malaria is caused by the parasite plasmodium falciparum, which kills one child every 20 seconds.’
    • ‘Malaria is a serious illness transmitted by the ‘bite’ of the female Anopheles mosquito which has parasitic protozoa of the genus plasmodium falciparum, plasmodium malariae, plasmodium vivax.’
    • ‘Well, we've already seen with some of the preliminary sequence that we've released, that researchers have been able to identify some novel biochemical enzymes in plasmodium in malaria parasites that are not found in the human host.’
    • ‘The project saved an estimated 15-25 million lives but foundered when, among other things, mosquitoes and plasmodia evolved resistance to their respective poisons.’
    • ‘Coartem is a combination of Artemether and Lumefantrine which are responsible for curing plasmodium falciparum, the type of malaria parasites prevalent in most parts of Zambia.’
    • ‘Although the four as listed above cause malaria when injected into the human body, plasmodium falciparum has a capacity to cause severe or complicated malarial disease.’
    • ‘'But the pattern is showing a marked shift to the plasmodium falsiparum parasite which is resistant to conventional drugs like chloroquin,’ he says.’
    • ‘The disease is caused by four types of plasmodium, a single-cell parasite transmitted via mosquitoes.’
    • ‘Mosquitoes are the vector transmitting the deadly parasite plasmodium, which causes the disease.’
    • ‘The plasmodia cells live in the stomach of the female Anopheles mosquito.’
    • ‘Malaria is caused by a protozoan infection of red blood cells with one of four species of the genus plasmodium: P falciparum, P vivax, P ovale, or P malariae.’
    • ‘There are four major strains of malaria and the Kabul area is known for harbouring the worst of them, plasmodium falciparum, a rapid, potentially fatal strain that is mercifully more easily treatable than the others.’
    • ‘The standard microscopic examination technique for malaria parasites enables the detection of all four human plasmodium species.’
    • ‘And a recent French study described two new toxins from the Trinidad chevron tarantula - the same species used in the chili study - that are active against plasmodia, the parasite that causes malaria.’
    • ‘A thick blood film two days later was again negative for plasmodia.’
    • ‘The genome of the malarial parasite - plasmodium falciparum was only completed two years ago.’
    • ‘Coluzzi's research indicates that the most serious type of malaria (known as plasmodium falciparum) reached Rome at about the time of Christ.’
    • ‘Malaria is spread by mosquitoes that are carrying a single-celled parasite called plasmodium.’
  • 2Biology
    A form within the life cycle of some simple organisms such as slime moulds, typically consisting of a mass of protoplasm containing many nuclei.

    • ‘The life cycle of Physarum includes two distinct vegetative forms: the haploid amoeba and the diploid plasmodium.’
    • ‘Periodically, bark and litter samples from each site were collected, moist chambered in the manner described by Gilbert and Martin, and examined closely for plasmodia and fruiting bodies for a three week period.’
    • ‘The haploid myxamoebae act as isogametes; individuals of different mating types pair and fuse to form diploid zygotes that develop into macroscopic, diploid plasmodia after repeated mitotic cycles without cell division.’
    • ‘P. polycephalum is a protist that in the course of its life cycle forms multinuclear giant single cells, so-called plasmodia that can be grown to almost any desired size.’
    • ‘Myxozoans, in contrast, form plasmodia or hollow sacs in which infective spores are produced.’


Late 19th century: modern Latin, based on late Latin plasma ‘mould, formation’.