Definition of pigment in English:

pigment

noun

  • 1The natural colouring matter of animal or plant tissue.

    ‘carotenoid pigments are red, orange, or yellow’
    mass noun ‘the loss of pigment in the skin’
    • ‘I remembered hearing about brave young boys going through the tribal rituals of manhood, their skin pierced with bone and marked with plant pigments to show their acceptance into the clan.’
    • ‘Sources for pigments were animals, plants and minerals.’
    • ‘One group, the carotenoids, contains more than 500 different orange-yellow plant pigments.’
    • ‘Variegation in leaves is caused by a loss of light absorbing pigments in the plant cells.’
    • ‘This carotenoid antioxidant - the natural pigment in tomatoes, guava and watermelon - is good for the heart.’
    • ‘The satellites monitor the green pigment in plants, or chlorophyll, which leads to estimates of phytoplankton amounts.’
    • ‘The textiles are dyed with natural pigments, including a rich blue made from a mixture of indigo, rice whiskey, betel nut juice, rice husk residue, lime and sugar cane water.’
    • ‘These natural pigments, which produce yellow, orange, and brown hues in plants, from buttercups to carrots, are always present.’
    • ‘Naturally occurring plant pigments, flavonoids are one of the reasons fruits and vegetables are so good for you.’
    • ‘Flowers, corals, and even animal skin contain pigments which give them their colors.’
    • ‘These antioxidant plant pigments, found in berries, citrus fruits, and onions, strengthen your mucous membranes and stabilize your immune cells.’
    • ‘This color reveals the presence of yellow, orange and red pigments known as carotenoids.’
    • ‘The color yellow in the animal world comes from pigments called carotenoids, which vertebrates cannot synthesize and must therefore obtain directly from their diets.’
    • ‘Onions contain bioflavonoids, a class of water-soluble plant pigments found in more than 4,000 fruits and vegetables.’
    • ‘Chlorophyll is only one of several pigments found in plants, but it is by far the most important.’
    • ‘Lycopene is a red pigment that occurs naturally in certain plant and algal tissues.’
    • ‘The threads are dyed by hand using native plant and flower pigments.’
    • ‘Anthocyanins represent the most widespread red and purple pigments in the plant kingdom.’
    • ‘Lycopene (the natural pigment that makes tomatoes red) triggers the death of prostate cancer cells without harming healthy cells.’
    • ‘In plants, carotenoid pigments such as anthocyanins often help tackle these aggressors.’
    1. 1.1 A substance used for colouring or painting, especially a dry powder, which when mixed with oil, water, or another medium constitutes a paint or ink.
      ‘all the frescoes are painted with earth pigments’
      • ‘Many of the paintings in the exhibition at first glance look as though they were painted with water-based Japanese pigments.’
      • ‘Windmills were also used to saw timber, grind minerals and oil seeds, process spices and cocoa, grind pigments into paints and dyes, and press tobacco.’
      • ‘We carry a large range of dry pigments, oils and mediums.’
      • ‘Essentially this work is nothing more than stylised, monochromatic copies of rock paintings executed in traditional pigments on handmade paper.’
      • ‘Oil paint is a wet mixture of pigments in an oily medium.’
      • ‘With light from small stone lamps, the artists painted using natural pigments made from ground earth.’
      • ‘Painting into wet plaster with water soluble pigments is one of the most difficult of all challenges a painter can face.’
      • ‘Tempera paint and dry pigments can wreck your surfaces.’
      • ‘Evan chose his pigments and applied his paints parsimoniously.’
      • ‘Other tiles are etched on the surface and painted with permanent glass pigments.’
      • ‘She uses layers of hot beeswax tinted with oil paint and pigments, in bright hues of yellow, red, brown and orange, to make abstract works with texture and dimension.’
      • ‘In its broadest sense this term denotes painting done in pigments bound with a medium (generally gum arabic) which is soluble in water.’
      • ‘Ceramic frit is composed of glass particles, paint pigment and a mixture medium to blend the two.’
      • ‘She also added jewel powder to the pigment used in her paintings, expressing her passion for the precious stones.’
      • ‘Particles in different shades, shapes and sizes are used as pigments to complement paint in what is essentially a painting.’
      • ‘Light joints may be darkened by painting the joints with pigments specially selected to produce the required shade.’
      • ‘The pigments color the paint, make it opaque, and aid in UV resistance.’
      • ‘Eggs have been used as a binding medium for pigment paint since primitive times.’
      • ‘Highlight the high spots with various metallic paints and powdered pigments.’
      • ‘The artist uses colours from natural pigments.’
      colouring matter, colouring agent, colouring, colourant, colour, tint, dye, dyestuff, stain
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verb

[with object]usually as adjective pigmented
  • Colour (something) with or as if with pigment.

    ‘precast pigmented concrete panels’
    • ‘In addition, the foam can be pigmented in a variety of colors.’
    • ‘The tail is pigmented and dusky, but the other fins are usually clear.’
    • ‘All killer whales have a white pigmented area behind the eye called an eye patch.’
    • ‘He also noted that pigmented fungi were resistant, consistent with the notion that pigments serve as protective filters.’
    • ‘In red wines there are usually sufficient adsorbed tannins and pigmented tannins to colour the crystals reddish brown and to ensure that they are small and irregular in shape.’
    • ‘As an unstably pigmented American, I had to endure both freckles and the early loss of hair color.’
    • ‘Tilting his canvases at steep angles, Ross drips thin pigmented rivulets from top to bottom.’
    • ‘The sunlight exposure needed by darkly pigmented infants is poorly understood.’
    • ‘Malignant melanomas are derived from epidermal melanocytes, and frequently arise from pre-existing pigmented lesions such as moles.’
    • ‘This softly pigmented wax will help shape brows and give them a bit more color to look fuller.’
    • ‘According to my reference sources, albino birds are extremely rare in the wild, and they also tend to be attacked by the normally pigmented members of their flock.’
    • ‘Nearly everyone has pigmented moles, but only one in a million becomes malignant.’
    • ‘All painted walls should be primed with a good quality pigmented acrylic wallcovering primer.’
    • ‘The canvas was hung out to dry, and the result was a wrinkled, unevenly pigmented surface.’
    • ‘Pigmented cells occur in clusters that resemble clonal sectors, but within a sector, not every cell is pigmented to the same degree.’
    • ‘The most predictive features for melanoma development are a history of change in an existing nevus or a new and changing pigmented lesion.’
    • ‘This includes conditions mentioned earlier, like unwanted hair and vascular and pigmented lesions.’
    • ‘The results are recipes for manufacturing pigmented coatings that maximize solar reflectance for a given color.’
    • ‘It contains a highly pigmented India ink that is both acid-free and archival.’
    • ‘About two-thirds of white adults have ten or twenty, but rarely more, pigmented moles.’
    colour, tint, dye, tinge, shade, pigment
    View synonyms

Origin

Middle English, from Latin pigmentum, from pingere ‘to paint’. The verb dates from the early 20th century.

Pronunciation

pigment

/ˈpɪɡm(ə)nt/