Definition of pigment in English:

pigment

noun

  • 1The natural colouring matter of animal or plant tissue.

    ‘carotenoid pigments are red, orange, or yellow’
    mass noun ‘the loss of pigment in the skin’
    • ‘Anthocyanins represent the most widespread red and purple pigments in the plant kingdom.’
    • ‘Naturally occurring plant pigments, flavonoids are one of the reasons fruits and vegetables are so good for you.’
    • ‘One group, the carotenoids, contains more than 500 different orange-yellow plant pigments.’
    • ‘These antioxidant plant pigments, found in berries, citrus fruits, and onions, strengthen your mucous membranes and stabilize your immune cells.’
    • ‘These natural pigments, which produce yellow, orange, and brown hues in plants, from buttercups to carrots, are always present.’
    • ‘Lycopene is a red pigment that occurs naturally in certain plant and algal tissues.’
    • ‘Variegation in leaves is caused by a loss of light absorbing pigments in the plant cells.’
    • ‘The threads are dyed by hand using native plant and flower pigments.’
    • ‘Chlorophyll is only one of several pigments found in plants, but it is by far the most important.’
    • ‘This carotenoid antioxidant - the natural pigment in tomatoes, guava and watermelon - is good for the heart.’
    • ‘Sources for pigments were animals, plants and minerals.’
    • ‘In plants, carotenoid pigments such as anthocyanins often help tackle these aggressors.’
    • ‘This color reveals the presence of yellow, orange and red pigments known as carotenoids.’
    • ‘The color yellow in the animal world comes from pigments called carotenoids, which vertebrates cannot synthesize and must therefore obtain directly from their diets.’
    • ‘Onions contain bioflavonoids, a class of water-soluble plant pigments found in more than 4,000 fruits and vegetables.’
    • ‘The satellites monitor the green pigment in plants, or chlorophyll, which leads to estimates of phytoplankton amounts.’
    • ‘I remembered hearing about brave young boys going through the tribal rituals of manhood, their skin pierced with bone and marked with plant pigments to show their acceptance into the clan.’
    • ‘The textiles are dyed with natural pigments, including a rich blue made from a mixture of indigo, rice whiskey, betel nut juice, rice husk residue, lime and sugar cane water.’
    • ‘Flowers, corals, and even animal skin contain pigments which give them their colors.’
    • ‘Lycopene (the natural pigment that makes tomatoes red) triggers the death of prostate cancer cells without harming healthy cells.’
    1. 1.1 A substance used for colouring or painting, especially a dry powder, which when mixed with oil, water, or another medium constitutes a paint or ink.
      ‘all the frescoes are painted with earth pigments’
      • ‘Light joints may be darkened by painting the joints with pigments specially selected to produce the required shade.’
      • ‘In its broadest sense this term denotes painting done in pigments bound with a medium (generally gum arabic) which is soluble in water.’
      • ‘Other tiles are etched on the surface and painted with permanent glass pigments.’
      • ‘Oil paint is a wet mixture of pigments in an oily medium.’
      • ‘She uses layers of hot beeswax tinted with oil paint and pigments, in bright hues of yellow, red, brown and orange, to make abstract works with texture and dimension.’
      • ‘The pigments color the paint, make it opaque, and aid in UV resistance.’
      • ‘Many of the paintings in the exhibition at first glance look as though they were painted with water-based Japanese pigments.’
      • ‘We carry a large range of dry pigments, oils and mediums.’
      • ‘With light from small stone lamps, the artists painted using natural pigments made from ground earth.’
      • ‘The artist uses colours from natural pigments.’
      • ‘Painting into wet plaster with water soluble pigments is one of the most difficult of all challenges a painter can face.’
      • ‘She also added jewel powder to the pigment used in her paintings, expressing her passion for the precious stones.’
      • ‘Highlight the high spots with various metallic paints and powdered pigments.’
      • ‘Eggs have been used as a binding medium for pigment paint since primitive times.’
      • ‘Essentially this work is nothing more than stylised, monochromatic copies of rock paintings executed in traditional pigments on handmade paper.’
      • ‘Windmills were also used to saw timber, grind minerals and oil seeds, process spices and cocoa, grind pigments into paints and dyes, and press tobacco.’
      • ‘Tempera paint and dry pigments can wreck your surfaces.’
      • ‘Evan chose his pigments and applied his paints parsimoniously.’
      • ‘Particles in different shades, shapes and sizes are used as pigments to complement paint in what is essentially a painting.’
      • ‘Ceramic frit is composed of glass particles, paint pigment and a mixture medium to blend the two.’
      colouring matter, colouring agent, colouring, colourant, colour, tint, dye, dyestuff, stain
      View synonyms

verb

[WITH OBJECT]usually as adjective pigmented
  • Colour (something) with or as if with pigment.

    ‘precast pigmented concrete panels’
    • ‘About two-thirds of white adults have ten or twenty, but rarely more, pigmented moles.’
    • ‘The canvas was hung out to dry, and the result was a wrinkled, unevenly pigmented surface.’
    • ‘This softly pigmented wax will help shape brows and give them a bit more color to look fuller.’
    • ‘He also noted that pigmented fungi were resistant, consistent with the notion that pigments serve as protective filters.’
    • ‘This includes conditions mentioned earlier, like unwanted hair and vascular and pigmented lesions.’
    • ‘All painted walls should be primed with a good quality pigmented acrylic wallcovering primer.’
    • ‘All killer whales have a white pigmented area behind the eye called an eye patch.’
    • ‘Tilting his canvases at steep angles, Ross drips thin pigmented rivulets from top to bottom.’
    • ‘Nearly everyone has pigmented moles, but only one in a million becomes malignant.’
    • ‘According to my reference sources, albino birds are extremely rare in the wild, and they also tend to be attacked by the normally pigmented members of their flock.’
    • ‘The most predictive features for melanoma development are a history of change in an existing nevus or a new and changing pigmented lesion.’
    • ‘The sunlight exposure needed by darkly pigmented infants is poorly understood.’
    • ‘As an unstably pigmented American, I had to endure both freckles and the early loss of hair color.’
    • ‘In red wines there are usually sufficient adsorbed tannins and pigmented tannins to colour the crystals reddish brown and to ensure that they are small and irregular in shape.’
    • ‘The results are recipes for manufacturing pigmented coatings that maximize solar reflectance for a given color.’
    • ‘In addition, the foam can be pigmented in a variety of colors.’
    • ‘Malignant melanomas are derived from epidermal melanocytes, and frequently arise from pre-existing pigmented lesions such as moles.’
    • ‘The tail is pigmented and dusky, but the other fins are usually clear.’
    • ‘It contains a highly pigmented India ink that is both acid-free and archival.’
    • ‘Pigmented cells occur in clusters that resemble clonal sectors, but within a sector, not every cell is pigmented to the same degree.’
    colour, tint, dye, tinge, shade, pigment
    View synonyms

Origin

Middle English, from Latin pigmentum, from pingere ‘to paint’. The verb dates from the early 20th century.

Pronunciation

pigment

/ˈpɪɡm(ə)nt/