Definition of physiology in English:

physiology

noun

  • 1[mass noun] The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts.

    • ‘Accurate measurement or prediction of muscle mass is useful in physiology, nutrition and clinical medicine.’
    • ‘He had great intellectual curiosity and eagerly applied physiology to patient care.’
    • ‘I have taken many classes dealing with physiology and biology, and there's no way that animals are that similar to us.’
    • ‘The basic human sciences involved are anatomy, physiology, and psychology.’
    • ‘Now sports science has lots of branches to it these days, from physiology to biomechanics, dietetics to psychology.’
    1. 1.1 The way in which a living organism or bodily part functions:
      ‘the physiology of the brain’
      • ‘Of course we need to be respectful of the biology and physiology of illness.’
      • ‘The normal physiology of the colon, as described above, is completely disrupted.’
      • ‘Most of them follow the medical model, that is, they deal with the actual physiology of making vocal sound.’
      • ‘Variables in the model were age, end stage disease, length of stay in unit, cardiothoracic surgery, and physiology.’
      • ‘Tilapias are also an important model for studies of fish physiology and endocrinology.’

Origin

Early 17th century: from Latin physiologia (perhaps via French), from Greek phusiologia natural philosophy (see physio-, -logy).

Pronunciation:

physiology

/ˌfɪzɪˈɒlədʒi/