Definition of photosynthesize in English:


(also photosynthesise)


  • (of a plant) synthesize sugars or other substances by means of photosynthesis.

    ‘plants need to photosynthesize in order to grow’
    with object ‘the algae photosynthesize food for themselves’
    • ‘Water at the roots will keep plant stems and leaves turgid and able to photosynthesize.’
    • ‘The minuscule zooplankton feed on ocean algae which, like all plants, use carbon dioxide to photosynthesise.’
    • ‘With increasing maturity of chloroplasts there is an increased ability to photosynthesize and therefore to undergo predominantly autotrophic metabolism.’
    • ‘In the Kearneysville orchards last summer, kaolin-coated trees photosynthesized up to 30 percent faster than uncoated trees, says Glenn.’
    • ‘They use chlorophyll, light, carbon dioxide, and water to photosynthesize carbohydrates in order to solve the problem of energy acquisition.’
    • ‘In the latter case, the plant is able to photosynthesize throughout the season, and thus potentially assimilate more carbon than was expended for the construction and maintenance of shoots.’
    • ‘Since they cannot photosynthesize sufficiently to maintain themselves under such conditions, seed reserves are expected to act as an important source of carbohydrates in the roots of established seedlings in shaded conditions.’
    • ‘By analogy with these living taxa, the first flowering plants would be slowly growing and maturing trees or shrubs with large leaves that photosynthesized at low rates.’
    • ‘They can photosynthesize just like any other plant to provide themselves with carbohydrates.’
    • ‘In deeper waters, not enough light penetrates the depths, which means the reef's main food producers, algae and plankton, cannot photosynthesize.’
    • ‘Others can not grow without the supply of photosynthate from a host either due to very low photosynthetic capacity or the complete inability to photosynthesize.’
    • ‘Algae needs sunlight to grow and photosynthesize so the black paint prevents that growth.’
    • ‘This system seems to be unusually efficient, as red algae are able to live and photosynthesize at considerable depths, sometimes more than 200m below the surface.’
    • ‘The sudden loss of sunlight meant that plants growing in the river were no longer able to photosynthesize, with the result that the oxygen levels in the water had dropped considerably, thus killing off the fish, he said.’
    • ‘But while the ability to photosynthesize under snow has been demonstrated in a few evergreen plants, including aquatic plants locked beneath ice, evidence of the process in other plants is difficult to come by.’
    • ‘There is evidence that the stems of different Cuscuta species photosynthesize to varying degrees, and that the plastid genome is becoming reorganized.’
    • ‘Because blue light penetrates water to a greater depth than light of longer wavelengths, these pigments allow red algae to photosynthesize and live at somewhat greater depths than most other ‘algae’.’
    • ‘Mushrooms do not have chlorophyll and cannot photosynthesize in the way that green plants do, to produce food.’
    • ‘This is the part of the water column where there is still enough light for plants to photosynthesize.’
    • ‘The weeds photosynthesise by releasing oxygen into the water during the day and taking it back in at night.’