Definition of phosphodiesterase in English:

phosphodiesterase

noun

Biochemistry
  • [mass noun] An enzyme which breaks a phosphodiester bond in an oligonucleotide.

    • ‘Its mechanism of action is thought to involve inhibition of cyclic adenosine monophosphate phosphodiesterase and enhancement of the effect of prostaglandin I2.’
    • ‘In isolated cilia and in intact olfactory receptor neurons, studies have shown basal activities of both adenylate cyclase and cAMP phosphodiesterase.’
    • ‘One technique involves using drugs, such as a growth hormone, to activate a molecule known as ERK5, which suppresses the enzyme phosphodiesterase.’
    • ‘Cilostazol blocks the activity of the enzyme phosphodiesterase which induces platelet aggregation and prevents the degradation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP).’
    • ‘Calf spleen phosphodiesterase, snake venom phosphodiesterase and alkaline phosphatase were from Roche Molecular Biochemicals (Meylan, France).’

Pronunciation:

phosphodiesterase

/ˌfɒsfə(ʊ)dʌɪˈɛstəreɪz/