Definition of phonology in English:



mass noun
  • 1The system of contrastive relationships among the speech sounds that constitute the fundamental components of a language.

    • ‘His remarks on French, focus on syntax and semantics, all but omitting phonology, phonetics and orthography.’
    • ‘While this research demonstrates that phonological previews aid in the processing of the target word, evidence from individual difference studies suggests that phonology is not used in the same manner by all readers.’
    • ‘Differences in phonology can usually be associated with the geographic location of the speaker.’
    • ‘While these languages shared phonology and grammar, they had entirely different vocabularies.’
    • ‘Pidgins and Creoles do not have a single phonology and phonology remains the least stable system in otherwise stabilized pidgins.’
    1. 1.1 The study of phonological relationships within a language or between different languages.
      • ‘Panini was a Sanskrit grammarian who gave a comprehensive and scientific theory of phonetics, phonology, and morphology.’
      • ‘Semantics is not even in second place; what comes next in respect to time devoted to it in linguistic curricula is phonology (the study of speech sounds).’
      • ‘To analyse language and to define language disorders most linguists divide language into four domains: phonology, grammar, semantics, and pragmatics.’
      • ‘Dan is now a distinguished specialist on Amazonian languages and professor of phonetics and phonology at the fine Department of Linguistics at the University of Manchester in England.’
      • ‘Roman Jakobson's good friend, that arch-structuralist aristocrat Nikolai Sergeevich Trubetzkoy, famously said that phonetics is to phonology as numismatics is to economics.’