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Any of the perceptually distinct units of sound in a specified language that distinguish one word from another, for example p, b, d, and t in the English words pad, pat, bad, and bat.Compare with allophone
- ‘Whereas the five classic vowel letters match the five vowel phonemes of a language like Spanish, they are insufficient to distinguish the much larger number of vowel phonemes of English.’
- ‘They can distinguish between any two sounds which represent distinct phonemes in any of the world's languages.’
- ‘He was able to complete items requiring deletion of syllables and initial phonemes but had difficulty with items requiring deletion of final phonemes or phonemes within a word.’
- ‘For example, a vowel phoneme cannot exist without a pitch, but pitch may exist as a dimension without any linguistic properties.’
- ‘The English language is an alphabetic system, meaning that our written symbols correspond to the separate sounds, or phonemes, in spoken language.’
Late 19th century: from French phonème, from Greek phōnēma sound, speech, from phōnein speak.
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