Definition of phenylthiocarbamide in English:

phenylthiocarbamide

noun

Chemistry
  • [mass noun] A crystalline solid which has a bitter taste to people possessing a certain dominant gene and is tasteless to others.

    • ‘Science separates people into two groups, ‘tasters ‘and ‘nontasters, ‘based on their ability to sense a chemical called phenylthiocarbamide.’’
    • ‘Breakthroughs in taste research began in 1931 when Science published the finding that many individuals are unable to taste the compound, phenylthiocarbamide, a relatively bitter compound.’
    • ‘For decades, taste researchers have used a chemical called phenylthiocarbamide to assay a person's capability to sense a bitter taste.’
    • ‘The ability to taste, tested using a compound phenylthiocarbamide, is one of the best studied inherited traits in humans.’
    • ‘Part of taste in humans is genetically controlled and it is a well-known phenomena to find individuals who are unable to taste phenylthiocarbamide.’

Pronunciation:

phenylthiocarbamide

/ˌfiːnʌɪlˌθʌɪə(ʊ)ˈkɑːbənʌɪd/