Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A mildly acidic toxic white crystalline solid obtained from coal tar and used in chemical manufacture, and in dilute form (under the name carbolic) as a disinfectant.
- ‘But the fungicide, voronate, phenol and possibly ethyl acetate were among the chemicals of greatest concern to the marine environment.’
- ‘Industrially, benzene is used in the manufacture of nylon, phenol, styrene (and by polymerization polystyrene), and cyclohexane.’
- ‘Believing that not all samples of aniline oil worked consistently, Ziehl substituted phenol (carbolic acid) in its place.’
- ‘He cited examples of two key raw materials namely phenol and aniline, which are required to manufacture leather chemicals, pigments, dyestuff and rubber chemicals.’
- ‘Alternatively, low percentages of chemicals such as phenol, menthol, and camphor can be added to moisturizing lotions for added anti-itch benefit.’
- 1.1count noun Any compound with a hydroxyl group linked directly to a benzene ring.‘many of these molecules are phenols’
- ‘The warmer operating temperature of ale yeast encourages a faster, more vigorous fermentation that creates aromatic compounds known as phenols and esters.’
- ‘Berries are also high in phenols such as ellagic acid, an antioxidant that protects the body's cells.’
- ‘Furfural reacts with phenols, ketones, and esters as an aldehyde; removal of the aldehyde group yields furan, which is converted to tetrahydrofuran, used in the manufacture of nylon.’
- ‘Sebacic acid can be synthesized from phenols and cresols, but castor oil oxidation is considered a ‘greener’ process.’
- ‘Anaerobic metabolism of peptides and proteins by the microflora produces short-chain fatty acids and a series of potentially toxic substances including ammonia, amines, phenols, thiols, and indols 32.’
Mid 19th century: from French phénole, based on phène ‘benzene’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.