One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
The speed of propagation of a sine wave or a sinusoidal component of a complex wave, equal to the product of its wavelength and frequency.
- ‘Perhaps the reported observation, if confirmed, may reveal a hitherto unknown property of light: the apparently excessive speed might be something like phase velocity.’
- ‘The speed of each frequency component is called phase velocity, while the packet's speed is called group velocity.’
- ‘Notice the light wave is still only propagating at c, the phase velocity of the wave, however, may travel less, or even greater than at the speed of light.’
- ‘Even when the phase velocity is faster than light, the group velocity should be slower.’
- ‘For example, the phase velocity of a wave packet is a pseudo process but the group velocity is a causal process; yet both licence reliable predictions.’
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