Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1Relating to the pharynx.
- ‘The muscular walls of the pharynx constitute three overlapping sheets of striated muscle, the pharyngeal constrictors.’
- ‘The hypoglossal and glossopharyngeal nerves innervate pharyngeal dilator muscles.’
- ‘Its fibers pass dorsally from an extensive anterior attachment to insert on the pharyngeal raphe, the pharyngeal tubercle of the occipital bone.’
- ‘Combined stimulation of the hypoglossus branch and pharyngeal branch of the vagus nerve produced significant interactions between pressure and stimulation in the caudal oropharynx.’
- ‘The levator veli palatini muscle, which elevates the soft palate, is innervated by a pharyngeal branch of the vagus nerve.’
- 1.1Phonetics (of a speech sound) produced by articulating the root of the tongue with the pharynx, a feature of certain consonants in Arabic, for example.
- ‘Modern phoneticians would more precisely categorize such consonants into velar, uvular, pharyngeal, and glottal articulations.’
- ‘From the lips back to the larynx, the IPA names 11 places of articulation: bilabial labiodental dental alveolar postalveolar retroflex palatal velar uvular pharyngeal glottal’
A pharyngeal consonant.
- ‘It has a series of ejectives, voiced stops that are truly voiced even in word-initial position, phonemic glottal stop, and several fricatives absent from English, including a pair of pharyngeals.’
- ‘Cuneiform was in many ways unsuited to Akkadian: among its flaws was its inability to represent important phonemes in Semitic, including a glottal stop, pharyngeals, and emphatic consonants.’
- ‘We also find that the pharyngeals involve an even longer articulatory sequence than glottalized consonants.’
Early 19th century: from modern Latin pharyngeus (from Greek pharunx, pharung- ‘throat’) + -al.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.