One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1The process of genetically modifying plants and animals so that they produce substances which may be used as pharmaceuticals.
- ‘Jeremy Rifkin is a modern-day Bellerophon, fighting to stop pharming - and any other research involving chimeras, for that matter.’
- ‘Rissler and Ellstrand argue that pharming should be strictly limited to nonfood crops - to, say, tobacco or castor beans.’
- ‘Then there's what's known as pharming - the relatively new practice of using genetically altered livestock to produce proteins used in pharmaceuticals.’
- ‘Earlier this year the U.S. Department of Agriculture updated its guidelines for industrial pharming, but many scientists believe these are grossly inadequate.’
- ‘For example, there has been talk about southern agriculture specializing in growing GM plants that are used by the pharmaceutical industry (so-called pharming).’
- ‘Dubbed "pharming" by its opponents, this is the latest step in technology which allows medicines to be grown in plants.’
- ‘Recent mergers, as well as research into "bio - pharming," have erased many boundaries between the pharmaceutical and agricultural industries.’
- ‘This is vital to prevent New Zealand being exploited as a 'wild west' playground for inappropriate and unethical developments like 'pharming'.’
- ‘The genetic engineering of livestock for human medical applications is known as pharming.’
- ‘An outgrowth of genetic engineering, the technique has been branded "pharming."’
- ‘"Pharming" is a new field of research involving herds and flocks of animals that are transformed into chemical factories to produce pharmaceutical products.’
- ‘Recent mergers, as well as research into ‘bio - pharming,’ have erased many boundaries between the pharmaceutical and agricultural industries.’
- ‘The book will be useful for molecular biologists and protein biochemists in academia and industry with an interest in molecular pharming.’
- ‘Instead of using expensive pharmaceutical factories, advocates envisage fields of GM crops being harvested to reap new medicines cheaply, a process known as " pharming ".’
2The fraudulent practice of directing Internet users to a bogus website that mimics the appearance of a legitimate one, in order to obtain personal information such as passwords, account numbers, etc.
- ‘While phishing is one of the more recognisable online threats, perhaps a more serious risk is pharming, according to Henry.’
- ‘"Pharming is a next-generation phishing attack," Scott Chasin, CTO of MX Logic, told Government Computer News.’
- ‘The next wave of Internet-related scams, however, may move from phishing to pharming.’
- ‘It also has to take account of social engineering such as phishing and pharming.’
- ‘Pharming attacks use DNS poisoning or domain hijacks to redirect users to dodgy urls.’
- ‘Phishing and pharming (I hate cute names for criminality) are adding to the concern.’
- ‘A DNS cache poisoning attack over the weekend also highlights the potential use of DNS tricks in ' pharming ' (phishing using redirection rather than bait emails).’
- ‘Now the latest cyberswindle, pharming, threatens to reel in entire schools of victims.’
- ‘Thieves use dumpster digging, phishing, and pharming to obtain your information.’
- ‘Pharming is another online scam, in which hackers download 'crimeware' to the users' computer.’
- ‘Both experts agree that pharming is simply a new application of well-known security weaknesses.’
- ‘Another theoretical variation on pharming is based on Domain Name System poisoning.’
- ‘The latest type of attack, sometimes referred to as pharming, redirects a victim trying to go to popular legitimate sites instead to a malicious website or a pay-per-click website.’
- ‘To understand pharming, you need a little background on DNS.’
- ‘Dubbed "pharming" by MX Logic, the new attacks use malware or DNS cache poisoning to redirect users to fake sites in an attempt to steal personal data.’
- ‘More fundamentally, the nascent threat of pharming re-emphasises the need to revamp DNS systems and domain registration that critics argue is long overdue.’
- ‘As users become harder to dupe with phishing schemes, we may see a shift from phishing to pharming.’
- ‘So when I see the numbers of victims of online phishing, pharming, and 419 scams, I'm not surprised.’
- ‘The trick - dubbed pharming - is potentially more sinister than phishing because it avoids the need to coax users into responding to junk email alerts.’
- ‘It offers complete protection against phishing, pharming, trojans, worms, spyware, adware, viruses and spam.’
1990s: pharming (sense 1) punningly after farming; pharming (sense 2) patterned on phishing.
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