Definition of person in English:



  • 1A human being regarded as an individual.

    ‘the porter was the last person to see her prior to her disappearance’
    ‘she is a person of astonishing energy’
    • ‘She is the ultimate professional as well as the most kind and loving person.’
    • ‘Putting on a show of two people at once is a complex business on all sorts of levels.’
    • ‘Her comments are not appreciated at all by the people who used to see her as a key figure.’
    • ‘And I think that for that to be the case, I'd need to be a much less complex person.’
    • ‘Does that mean that inside each evil person there remains some good?’
    • ‘I once got a very clear demonstration of just what a kind and sweet person Annie is.’
    • ‘We just want to get to the bottom of this, for the sake of other people as well as ourselves.’
    • ‘It is trying to be all things to all sorts of rich people but is this a recipe for confusion?’
    • ‘Some of the people who have been here talked about how he helped them through so much.’
    • ‘I was at the Finish Line tent when this happened, and I was the most senior staff person present.’
    • ‘They were innovative at the time and a lot of people warned me that the idea would not work.’
    • ‘Some things may have got out of hand but it was a time when people became more liberated.’
    • ‘He would've made a good king, if it wasn't for the fact that he was an extremely evil looking person.’
    • ‘Ian can eat enough food for four of five people, but he uses all that energy up on stage.’
    • ‘For many societies, the human being is the person who has learned and obeys the community's rules.’
    • ‘You're a warm and caring person, and you've made such a difference in my life.’
    • ‘Many thought he might be the right high profile person to take over this new department.’
    • ‘I'm usually a very calm person, but rage tends to build up and build up, and when it blows… hoo boy.’
    • ‘He is a quiet and private person, but he has a presence that the players and now the press obviously respect.’
    • ‘There are many more people to meet in London and many more places in which to meet them.’
    human being, individual, man, woman, human, being, living soul, soul, mortal, creature, fellow
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    1. 1.1 (in legal or formal contexts) an unspecified individual.
      ‘each of the persons using unlawful violence is guilty of riot’
      ‘the entrance fee is £2.00 per person’
      • ‘The 12 scales, if they are ordered, will mean one set for every 46 persons or fewer than ten persons per scale per day.’
      • ‘How far should the law go in criminalizing appropriations of property from persons other than the legal owner?’
      • ‘Remember, your version of the bill also permitted legal representation for the persons so caught up.’
      • ‘The original proposal could have brought into the chair a person or persons with no legal background.’
      • ‘It is another thing to say that the person holding the legal title is not the owner.’
      • ‘They also provide employment to a minimum of 10 persons per shop, mostly women.’
      • ‘The applicant submits that a person cannot obtain any legal right through the commission of a criminal offence.’
      • ‘The Sky Bus will ply through the city's main junctions, carrying 15,000 persons per hour.’
      • ‘On an average, 141 persons have died per year at unmanned level crossings during the last decade.’
      • ‘There is no effective legal redress if a person is prevented from getting on a plane.’
      • ‘He makes a rough population estimate of four million on this basis for the whole area, or six persons per square kilometre.’
      • ‘It is confined entirely to communications which take place for the purpose of obtaining legal advice from professional persons.’
      • ‘However, null subjects are sanctioned only in certain persons and certain syntactic contexts.’
      • ‘Two persons per campus were given workshop training on how and when to use it.’
      • ‘These are persons whose legal status may be uncertain, as one may not be sure whether they are to be regarded as combatants or civilians.’
      • ‘The legal protection of persons established in the Community would also be undermined.’
      • ‘Consideration is to be given to the utility of including some persons having legal experience.’
      • ‘I characterise the means as being preventing or inhibiting persons from asserting legal rights.’
      • ‘Similarly, a marriage, we might say, is a change in the legal relationship between two persons.’
      • ‘It is not standard practice in an ordinary domestic context to warn a person of his impending arrest.’
    2. 1.2with modifier An individual characterized by a preference or liking for a specified thing.
      ‘she's not a cat person’
      • ‘He wasn't a huge horse person and the animals knew it and didn't treat him that well.’
      • ‘Leaving, the son says that his dad doesn't know anything about dogs, he's a cat person.’
      • ‘I'm not really a cat person but there's something about this character that melts my wee heart.’
      • ‘He's not really a sweater person, preferring the comfort of polyester fleece to wool.’
      • ‘They're really good critters, but our pal who has them has decided he's just not a cat person.’
      • ‘I'm not a dog person generally, but this chocolate Labrador is utterly gorgeous.’
      • ‘She learned his favorite color was red, that he was more of a dog person than a cat person.’
      • ‘I'm not a single malt person like some whisky people I know are, but that stuff makes me astonishingly happy.’
      • ‘Call me an old rat bag and I will brush it off with relative good humour, but call me a cat person and I might have to punch your lights out.’
      • ‘I mean, Julie seems more of a cat person, while Jon would probably go for either a puppy or a really huge dog.’
      individual, creature, fellow, man, woman
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    3. 1.3 A character in a play or story.
      ‘his previous roles in the person of a fallible cop’
      ego, i, oneself, persona, identity, character, personality, psyche, soul, spirit, mind, intellect, inner man, inner person, inner woman, inner self, one's innermost feelings, one's heart of hearts
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    4. 1.4 An individual's body.
      ‘I would have publicity photographs on my person at all times’
      • ‘It all went swimmingly until last week, when a nurse spotted Noelle with drugs about her person.’
      • ‘He wasn't from the city of course, so perhaps he had just popped out without the A to Z street map about his person.’
      • ‘As with most bar staff in LA, I have a script on my person to show to producers and directors.’
      • ‘No papers were found on his person, even though the law required everyone to carry an official identity card at all times.’
      • ‘He was short, and reeked of cigars even though there were none in the house or on his person.’
      • ‘The answer is to keep the phone on your person at all times, or securely attached to your handbag.’
      • ‘The only thing that might have made her distinguishable in a crowd was the amount of jewellery she wore about her person.’
      • ‘Within a day or so you forget that you ever had anything so horrific occurring on your person.’
      • ‘For occasions where you want to carry stuff on your person more unobtrusively, go for the sewn up pocket option.’
      • ‘He does not want to publicise the fact that he carries large quantities of cash on his person in case he becomes a target for thieves.’
      • ‘They asked me if I could account for the explosives residue that had been found on my person.’
      • ‘Rumor also had it that he always carried a knife concealed somewhere on his person and was not above using it in a pinch either.’
      • ‘He was rumbled for the nefarious practice of producing cards from a pack concealed on his person.’
      • ‘The missing money was soon also found on his person and, the thief aside, everyone returned home happy.’
      • ‘You begin to get paranoid when they start asking you about any metal you might have on your person.’
      • ‘He didn't have one on his person, the obstacle equipment were stored in one of the containers near the centre of the plateau.’
      • ‘I keep this throughout my holiday in a safe place, somewhere about my person.’
      • ‘As such they are often seen as soft targets for attacks on their person and their vehicle.’
      • ‘My heart goes out to this lady and I would apologise to her for this attack on her person.’
      • ‘Have a pen available on your person, and if paper is not available, write it on your hand.’
      body, self
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    5. 1.5dated (especially in legal contexts) used euphemistically to refer to a man's genitals.
  • 2Grammar
    A category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms, according to whether they indicate the speaker (first person), the addressee (second person), or a third party (third person).

    • ‘When civilians addressed a soldier, they did so in the second person singular, as to a child or pet.’
    • ‘Many are self-referential, often addressing the reader in the second person.’
    • ‘This narrative is told in the second person in the form of a memoir the writer addresses to herself.’
    • ‘For a start there was a large number of interjections in the second person, which I presume related to me.’
    • ‘There were some interjections in the second person that were not very savoury.’
  • 3Christian Theology
    Each of the three modes of being of God, namely the Father, the Son, or the Holy Ghost, who together constitute the Trinity.

    • ‘None of the persons of the Trinity can forsake any other person in the Trinity.’
    • ‘The same idea must be carried further and applied not only to the Logos himself, but to the other persons of the holy Trinity.’
    • ‘As we shall see, each inflection of the triune name identifies all three persons of the Trinity.’
    • ‘Even within the Trinity, the persons exist separately only in relation to one another.’
    • ‘It is the understanding that there is one God in three persons: the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.’


The words people and persons can both be used as the plural of person, but they have slightly different connotations. People is by far the commoner of the two words and is used in most ordinary contexts: a group of people; there were only about ten people; several thousand people have been rehoused. Persons, on the other hand, tends now to be restricted to official or formal contexts, as in this vehicle is authorized to carry twenty persons; no persons admitted without a pass


  • be one's own person

    • Do or be what one wishes or in accordance with one's own character rather than as influenced by others.

      ‘she certainly did not live in the shadow of John; she was her own person’
      • ‘He encouraged you to be your own person, be who you want to be.’
      • ‘I hadn't taken anyone's money to write anything, so I was my own person.’
      • ‘Harold is his own person, and he's going to do a terrific job tonight.’
      • ‘I think he'll be his own person, and he'll form his own legacy.’
      • ‘Certainly, he is his own person, possessing a rather unique personality.’
      • ‘I think the woman should continue to be her own person, because that's what I was attracted to in the beginning.’
      • ‘He's gone to great lengths this year to be his own person, not to be his father's son.’
      • ‘He was no angel, but he was his own person and wasn't involved with gangs.’
      • ‘I thought that you were your own person, you didn't care what other people think!’
      • ‘Now with my album I'm able to be my own person and show me and all my songs.’
  • in one's own person

    • archaic Oneself; in person (used for emphasis)

      ‘I needed a housekeeper who would undertake, in her own person, all the duties of the home’
      • ‘‘Every man has a property in his own person,’ John Locke said.’
      • ‘Rather than write in his own person, Plato chose always to present Socrates as the figure of the philosopher searching for truth.’
      • ‘Pharmacy claims to be humane, for it serves the basic and universal concern to be whole and safe in one's own person.’
      • ‘Finally, Socrates speaks again in his own person.’
      • ‘A solicitor taking out probate is not bound to do everything in his own person.’
      • ‘Between 1970 and 1984 there has been sufficient mellowing of American public opinion so that James, once blacklisted, could be accepted in his own person now.’
      • ‘Still moving almost like a twenty-year-old, she has demonstrated this in her own person.’
      • ‘A person who could integrate these forces in his own person was thought to gain deep spiritual peace as well as magical powers and longevity.’
      • ‘Michelangelo, who more than any other embodied this change of status in his own person, was made one of the two heads and Duke Cosimo himself was the other.’
      • ‘This for most people would be an immense crisis of faith, because it's such a crisis in your own person.’
      physically, in the flesh, personally, bodily, actually
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  • in person

    • With the personal presence or action of the individual specified.

      ‘he had to pick up his welfare cheque in person’
      • ‘There's also an added bonus for people, like myself, who're extremely shy in person.’
      • ‘I do not usually have discussions like this in person because they do not yield much.’
      • ‘The cyclists who objected to the scheme presented their views in person to the inquiry.’
      • ‘A few days later I went in person to report that two parcels had gone missing.’
      • ‘There are just some things that might be easier to say in writing than in person.’
      • ‘His thesis is undoubtedly better presented in person rather than in the context of a dry academic paper.’
      • ‘Otherwise people can go there in person and pay a visit to the kids since the center is not that far.’
      • ‘It's fair to say that signing these letters in person is the least that can be expected of a Secretary of Defence.’
      • ‘Anyone wishing to make representations to the inquiry in person must attend the inquiry on the first day.’
      • ‘We hope that one day we can meet to thank you in person, and better articulate our feelings.’
      physically, in the flesh, personally, bodily, actually
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  • in the person of

    • In the physical form of.

      ‘trouble arrived in the person of a short, moustached Berliner’
      • ‘I decided, or God in the person of the Virgin Mary decided, that the risk was worth taking, and I enlisted my mother to help me.’
      • ‘Tibet's message to the world is that it has offered its best in the person of His Holiness, the Dalai Lama to the world community.’
      • ‘My advice is to immediately contact their embassy in the person of the ambassador and make a statement.’
      • ‘And of course that is exactly what we have now in the person of King George II.’
      • ‘She also calls in reinforcements in the person of her sister, Julie.’
      • ‘Joy then introduced the guest celebrity in the person of yours truly, this humble correspondent!’
      • ‘The government came off the boat, in the person of the governor and his officials, carrying all the authority of the government in Britain.’
      • ‘However if the cord blood transplant had not been successful, they had a perfectly matched bone marrow donor in the person of Adam, the infant.’
      • ‘She quickly ends up in Canada, searching out her past in the person of her lost brother.’
      • ‘This was the age of national liberation, and its politics were exemplified, even after his downfall, in the person of Napoleon Bonaparte.’


Middle English: from Old French persone, from Latin persona ‘actor's mask, character in a play’, later ‘human being’.