Definition of peroxisome in English:

peroxisome

noun

Biology
  • A small organelle present in the cytoplasm of many cells, which contains the reducing enzyme catalase and usually some oxidases.

    • ‘The enzyme AGT is found almost exclusively in liver peroxisomes and requires phosphate as a coenzyme.’
    • ‘Mitochondria and peroxisomes, unlike chloroplasts, were not used as target organelles during photographing.’
    • ‘These receptors were originally discovered as proteins activated by agents that stimulate proliferation of peroxisomes in rat liver.’
    • ‘The contributing enzymes are localized in three different organelles, chloroplasts, peroxisomes, and mitochondria.’
    • ‘We need to know more about the other enzymes in the lantern peroxisomes.’

Origin

1960s: from peroxide + -some.

Pronunciation:

peroxisome

/pəˈrɒksɪsəʊm/