One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Permeate or suffuse with a liquid, colour, or quality.‘the yellow light is perfused with white’
pervade, spread through, fill, filter through, diffuse through, imbue, penetrate, pass through, percolate through, extend throughout, be disseminated through, flow through, charge, suffuse, run through, steep, impregnate, inform, infiltrateView synonyms
- ‘When the Reformers rediscovered the Bible, they rediscovered a two-tier Holy Land: a real, dusty place and, lying over it and perfusing it, an even more real spiritual land.’
- ‘Segments were perfused with filtered water which was not acidified.’
- ‘At 10 minutes, lungs were perfused with physiologic saline through the pulmonary artery.’
- ‘The community was perfused with creative release, a celebration enfusing Brit Pop, Cool Britannia and renewed exploration of the human spirit.’
- ‘The streets of this city are like pipes from a toilet, perfused by the stench of waste!’
- 1.1Medicine Supply (an organ or tissue) with a fluid by circulating it through blood vessels or other natural channels.‘the transplanted kidney is perfused at low pressure by retrograde flow’‘the isolated perfused rat liver’
- ‘Heart failure is the deterioration of the heart's ability to pump blood throughout the body and adequately perfuse the major organs.’
- ‘To determine the effect of protecting leukocytes from hyperosmolar exposure, we perfused lungs with leukocyte-free blood for 15 min.’
- ‘The pressure required to traverse an arterial stenosis and perfuse the distal tissues of the foot may not be met.’
- ‘In a later more detailed study, the blood pressure perfusing the lungs of healthy subjects proved to be quite low, only about one-fifth of the normal systemic arterial blood pressure.’
- ‘This effect is generally not accepted to be an improvement in the diseased segment of blood vessel, but the formation of collateral vessels perfusing the ischaemic tissue.’
Late Middle English (in the sense ‘cause to flow through or away’): from Latin perfus- ‘poured through’, from the verb perfundere, from per- ‘through’ + fundere ‘pour’.
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