Definition of pepper in English:



  • 1[mass noun] A pungent hot-tasting powder prepared from dried and ground peppercorns, used as a spice or condiment to flavour food.

    ‘season to taste with salt and pepper’
    • ‘Break the eggs into a bowl, add sea salt, pepper, parsley and paprika, and whisk.’
    • ‘Serve warm, sprinkled with a little sea salt and freshly ground pepper, to accompany chicken, steaks, lamb, or burgers.’
    • ‘Whiz the onion, cumin, cinnamon, salt and pepper in a food processor until smooth.’
    • ‘Add freshly ground pepper, the bay leaf, a splash of wine, and the butter.’
    • ‘Transfer into the salad bowl, add in the parsley and rucola, sprinkle with salt and freshly ground pepper, and toss to coat.’
    • ‘Drying may bring about a desirable change in flavour, as in pepper where the pungency increases.’
    • ‘The meat mixture has ground beef, onion, tomato paste, peas, salt, pepper, and curry powder.’
    • ‘Season with salt and freshly ground pepper, add the parsley and stir gently.’
    • ‘Season with a little salt and freshly ground pepper if you'd like.’
    • ‘Season with salt and ground pepper then put in a container with the crushed garlic and olive oil.’
    • ‘Drizzle with two tablespoons of oil, season with sea salt and freshly ground pepper and top with the thyme.’
    • ‘Coat the chicken with olive oil, and scatter with sea salt, pepper and oregano.’
    • ‘Make shallots, garlic, red chilies, ground coriander, ground cumin, ground pepper, trassi and turmeric into a paste.’
    • ‘Add some Maldon salt and freshly ground pepper to taste and a small bowl of freshly grated Parmesan to dip into.’
    • ‘In a small bowl, combine sugar, paprika, salt, pepper, cumin, chilli powder and garlic.’
    • ‘The lamb was roasted with minced spices and peppers, tender and pungent.’
    • ‘Drizzle over some oil, then season with freshly ground pepper and sea salt.’
    • ‘Add a smear of oil, then season the steak with sea salt and ground pepper and place in the pan.’
    • ‘Squeeze the lime or lemon juice over the peas and lentils, grind over a little pepper and salt and serve hot.’
    • ‘First prepare the mayo: place the egg yolks, mustard, 1 tsp lemon juice and plenty of salt and pepper in a food processor and process for a few seconds.’
    1. 1.1A reddish hot-tasting spice prepared from various forms of capsicum.
      • ‘Basically, Mexican rice is flavoured by three things: turmeric, peppers (especially chili peppers) and ground cayenne peppers.’
  • 2A capsicum, especially a sweet pepper.

    • ‘Put the onions, garlic and peppers into a shallow pan with the olive oil and cook slowly for five minutes.’
    • ‘Cucumbers, squash, melons, peppers, eggplant, sweet corn and even green beans are candidates.’
    • ‘Stir-fry the peppers, onion, garlic and ginger for about 2 minutes.’
    • ‘They are also developing treatments for other hard-to-keep produce, such as potatoes, carrots, peppers, onions, and bananas.’
    • ‘The plant is a member of the family Solanaceae and therefore a relation of the New World capsicum peppers and potato, and of the Old World aubergine.’
    • ‘It did look quite appetising - a mountain of rice with fresh vegetables, courgettes, peppers, onions and peas, blended together by a tomato sauce.’
    • ‘You may add anything you wish from the garden to the egg mixture - sautéed peppers, mushrooms, courgettes or wilted chard are particularly delicious.’
    • ‘If you like a pickled egg or a greasy pie with your pint, you're out of luck; you'll have to make do with a ciabatta with feta and roasted peppers or a big plate of sweet potato wedges and dips from the daily specials board instead.’
    • ‘Roughly chop the tomatoes, cucumber, peppers, onion and garlic and combine in a blender.’
    • ‘Cube the peppers and onion to the same size as the aubergine pieces.’
    • ‘Add the onion, garlic, and peppers and cook until the onion turns translucent.’
    • ‘Good sources include mango, orange, red and orange peppers, nectarines, papaya, squash and honeydew melon.’
    • ‘To relieve the tension we joked about going home to the smell of grilled onions and peppers.’
    • ‘Gently fry the bacon, add 2 tablespoons olive oil and then sauté onion, peppers, garlic, fennel and saffron.’
    • ‘Add mushrooms, peppers, onion, garlic, and oregano and sauté until onion is tender, which is about seven minutes.’
    • ‘The sauce has heated nicely and is getting on really well with the peppers, onions and mushrooms.’
    • ‘Add the onions and peppers and sauté until translucent.’
    • ‘Add soy pepperoni to veggie pizza, or combine sliced soy sausage with peppers, onions and potatoes for a hearty stir-fry.’
    • ‘Aubergines, green beans, courgettes, garlic, leeks, peppers, potatoes, shallots, spinach and most variety of potatoes are excellent buys.’
    • ‘They consisted of minced chicken and potatoes with coriander, garlic and peppers wrapped in spring roll pastry.’
  • 3A climbing vine with berries that are dried as black or white peppercorns.

    1. 3.1Used in names of other plants which are related or similar to the pepper, e.g. Jamaica pepper, water pepper.
      • ‘April is a great time to plant peppers, cucumbers, eggplants, squash and heat-loving okra.’
      • ‘For example, in climates with cool summers, heat-loving plants like eggplants and peppers thrive in containers because the container and soil are warmed by the sun.’
      • ‘The allspice tree belongs to the myrtle family, and is not related to the pepper or to capsicum plants.’
      • ‘Other crop plants like peppers, cowpeas, clovers, legumes, and many others will be studied in the future.’
      • ‘Jerusalem cherries and ornamental peppers are tender tropical plants.’
  • 4Baseball
    A practice game in which a fielder throws at close range to a batter who hits back to the fielder.

    ‘he liked to play pepper’


  • 1Sprinkle or season (food) with pepper.

    ‘peppered beef’
    • ‘Beef or chicken are satayed or peppered for just $5.25.’
    • ‘That would be fine if there was some tomatillo base, but it just tasted like peppered cilantro with some pepper and cilantro-pepper.’
    • ‘Breakfast in Damascus is ‘a brainburger - a whole lamb's cerebrum, poached, peppered and squashed into a bun - and a banana milkshake’.’
    • ‘The first-course platter of big, peppered tails-on shrimp and seared scallops, all swamped in a delirious garlic-butter sauce, is outrageously good.’
    • ‘The heirloom tomatoes were sliced, salted, peppered, and placed on a white dish with a wee bit of basil.’
    • ‘You can even substitute smoked mackerel for the tuna - peppered or unpeppered, whichever takes your fancy.’
    • ‘Gratefully, I copiously peppered my dish, and returned the pepper grinder to the young man, thanking him.’
    • ‘Remove the plastic wrap from the tuna rolls; season with salt and pepper and add to the pan.’
    • ‘Typically, these products consist of thin strips, air dried, usually salted, sometimes lightly smoked, often peppered or spiced.’
    • ‘Meat and fish were curried or peppered in order to preserve them and we picked the abundant fruit that grew in our garden.’
    • ‘I didn't use oil this time - just salted and peppered it.’
    • ‘The menu was varied and exciting, ranging from quiche to peppered steak.’
    • ‘It is 1980s country house hotel cooking: complicated, rich, protein-intensive, heavy-handedly peppered with foods that shriek out Scottishness.’
    • ‘Jerusalem artichokes were painted with olive oil, salted and peppered, and baked whole, like little potatoes, until the skins darkened and split and the oozing juices caramelized.’
    • ‘Two of us chose crispy duck with orange and Grand Marnier sauce, the birthday girl chose peppered steak, another chose lamb kebab with mint and honey and another went for halibut.’
    • ‘Our steaks were served with home-style gravy, sweet and peppered, along with local fries, sweet corn, carrots and peas.’
    • ‘He peppered the meat and swirled it with vegetables, asparagus shoots and courgette and finely shaved carrots, leeks and onions at their most succulent.’
    • ‘Not of interest in and of itself, true, but it means that I can pepper my meat and two veg with a little colourful spice.’
    • ‘It was a cream fettuccine, peppered and spiced.’
    • ‘Among the cakes, the zaleti - cornflour biscuits peppered with sultanas - are especially good.’
    season, flavour, spice, spice up
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  • 2Cover or fill with a liberal amount of scattered items.

    ‘the script is peppered with four-letter words’
    • ‘The script is peppered with the sort of bickering and snipes you hear from those disgruntled married couples you unfortunately find yourself seated with on cruises.’
    • ‘His strong speech was peppered with witticisms that the audience was waiting to hear.’
    • ‘His script is peppered with mildly amusing moments, but few that are uproarious.’
    • ‘But she couldn't have caught all the in-jokes that the script is peppered with, and she admitted as much.’
    • ‘That might have been disturbing enough for some of the residents if I hadn't been peppering the conversation with swear words every other syllable.’
    • ‘In an letter to the Times newspaper, he said: ‘Deliberately peppering his utterances with swear words and appearing in public carefully dishevelled is not setting a good example of behaviour.’’
    • ‘The script is peppered with hilarious, punchy one-liners and one malicious twist in the plot follows another to keep the momentum swinging nicely.’
    • ‘A jovial person, his speeches are peppered with humour.’
    • ‘In this case, it is also peppered with an enormous amount of humour as well as a direct insight into the sheer boredom and irritation of being incarcerated and its destructive effect on the personality.’
    • ‘His speech was peppered with examples from literature and lives of notable personalities who proved why ‘we must maintain our tranquillity amid change.’’
    • ‘The cast deals admirably with a difficult script which is peppered with acerbic one-liners and wonderfully witty wisecracks.’
    • ‘The track list is peppered with impressive guest spots.’
    • ‘As with all of his work, the score is varied and intelligent, not at all fitting the cliche of the Broadway musical, and the script is peppered with songs that complement the overlying themes.’
    • ‘The poet, in his speech that was peppered with quotes from ancient literary texts, demonstrated how the element of caste remained strong, perhaps stronger in our roots.’
    • ‘The script is peppered with dialogue that will make you howl for days, most of it being spoken by the Inspector.’
    • ‘So, the awards might have come late, and the show might have been peppered with political speeches, but when it's a trophy to add to one's shelf, no one is complaining.’
    • ‘The action is fast-paced and brutal, and the dubbed dialogue has been peppered with four letter words.’
    • ‘In addition, each explanation is peppered with the necessary amount of technical information needed to accomplish the job.’
    • ‘Matt was only a little taller than Jake, but a lot broader, and his dark black hair was liberally peppered with grey.’
    • ‘His speeches are peppered with key phrases including ‘the consumer is boss’, ‘reframing the brands’ and ‘connect and develop’.’
    sprinkle, fleck, intersperse, dot, spot, bespatter, dab, bestud, stipple, pock, freckle, scatter
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    1. 2.1Hit repeatedly with small missiles or gunshot.
      ‘another burst of enemy bullets peppered his defenceless body’
      • ‘On the morning of the 12 th, the climbers woke to the sound of bullets peppering the rock around their portaledge camp, 1,000 feet up.’
      • ‘The president's press secretary was peppered with questions about all this today.’
      • ‘The five-story building was peppered with grenade blasts and bullet holes.’
      • ‘And he was peppered with skeptical questions and comments from the various justices.’
      • ‘Bullets started peppering the highway from above and I swerved to avoid them.’
      • ‘While she'd been peppered with questions, this evening they hadn't used any footage of her.’
      • ‘I will never forget a meeting I once had with a candidate and his advisers, in which I was constantly peppered with questions about logos and bumper stickers.’
      • ‘But I want to play you some tape, because the candidates this week were peppered with questions as they made the television rounds.’
      • ‘As an American expatriate in Japan, I am often peppered with questions about the movie, which was filmed in Tokyo.’
      • ‘He finally stopped and was peppered with bullets from an Apache helicopter.’
      • ‘And in a House hearing, he was peppered with unusually aggressive questions and comments on outsourcing.’
      • ‘Meanwhile at the match I'm supposed to be covering, Sweden are peppering the Danish goal, but just can't score.’
      • ‘A propaganda line was prepared, while the city was peppered with repeated bombardment.’
      • ‘He is getting peppered with questions from the press, many of them with a familiar theme.’
      • ‘Her magical attacks flew thick and fast, peppering her enemy with flaming explosive shots.’
      • ‘Her face and body were peppered with shrapnel.’
      • ‘I saw many feuds erupt in a blaze of automatic fire, peppering the walls with bullets that whined through the air like demonic bees.’
      • ‘After the initial half-hour's fighting right in the settlement, they backed off and satisfied themselves with peppering the buildings with bullets.’
      • ‘He was peppered with many questions about the big houses and lavish living that are often displayed in American music videos and television.’
      • ‘The missiles found their targets, peppering the enemy formation.’
      bombard, pelt, shower, rain down on, attack, assail, batter, fire a broadside at, strafe, rake, sweep, enfilade, blitz, hit
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    2. 2.2archaic Inflict severe punishment or suffering upon.
      ‘if he finds out my haunts he swears he'll pepper me’


Old English piper, pipor, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch peper and German Pfeffer; via Latin from Greek peperi, from Sanskrit pippalī berry, peppercorn.