Definition of peony in English:


(also paeony)


  • A herbaceous or shrubby plant of north temperate regions, which has long been cultivated for its showy flowers.

    • ‘Their favourite was the rose, followed by hellebores, peonies, clematis, magnolias, lilies, euphorbias, primulas, snowdrops, geraniums.’
    • ‘In the perennial border, a shrublet is the plant that's always in bloom, providing a wonderful contrast with peonies in the spring, delphinium in midsummer, and phlox in late summer.’
    • ‘Lift and divide overcrowded clumps of perennials, including campanulas, daylilies, hostas, peonies, sedums, and Shasta daisies.’
    • ‘These are excellent to recycle as stakes for peas or for plants with heavy blooms such as double peonies.’
    • ‘Tree peonies, magnolias, pagoda dogwood and flowering crab trees accompany roses planted by color in an informal style.’
    • ‘As with herbaceous peonies, tree peonies are long-lived and resent being transplanted, so you should choose their locations with care.’
    • ‘And although feeding calves is now a thing of the past, she has made sure to keep her hand in in the garden with its deep beds of rhododendrons, camellias, peonies and other flowering shrubs.’
    • ‘Other gardeners prefer to interplant them with spring flowers such as columbines, daisies, dianthus, Iceland poppies, lupines, and peonies.’
    • ‘Anemones, chrysanthemums, marigolds, pansies, peonies, and roses are best suited to microwave drying, but small, finely textured or delicate flowers are not.’
    • ‘Plants like peonies, poppies, and irises should also be planted in the fall season.’
    • ‘Bamboo is considered to enjoy a high status among all plants, although the peony is the national flower.’
    • ‘Planted along with traditional peonies, irises and chrysanthemums, are lupines, veronicas and Canterbury bells, a contemporary feature rarely seen in Japanese gardens.’
    • ‘Begin to stake early-flowering herbaceous plants, such as peonies, that are inclined to flop over following rain and strong winds.’
    • ‘It is dominated by hostas, peonies, campanula, and daylilies but holds a wealth of perennials and self-sowing annuals.’
    • ‘Put stakes and supports in place for tall, herbaceous plants, like peonies and delphiniums.’
    • ‘Common bulbs planted in the fall for the spring are tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, muscari, crocuses and perennials such as peonies, daylilies, hostas, and coral-bells.’
    • ‘Other favorite flowers are pussy willow, azalea, peony and water lily or narcissus.’
    • ‘He purchased and planted about 1,000 herbaceous peonies and planted them in Charlottesville, Virginia, where he leased land from his brother-in-law.’
    • ‘The herbaceous peonies include five general flower types: single, semi-double, Japanese, anemone and double flowering.’
    • ‘In summer, traditional perennials take over, and peonies, irises and hemerocallis fill the flowery brook.’


Old English peonie, via Latin from Greek paiōnia, from Paiōn, the name of the physician of the gods.