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[mass noun] The study of the punishment of crime and of prison management.
- ‘Over the course of the 20th century the practice of penology has witnessed a fierce struggle between proponents of punishment and proponents of rehabilitation.’
- ‘With penology and prisons came the idea of rehabilitation, again somewhat inappropriate given the difference in civilian and military perceptions of undesirable character traits.’
- ‘Such an epistemological approach to crime and penology is undoubtedly one of the study's major strengths.’
- ‘He contributed ideas on education, political economy, psychology, penology, law, history, and political theory, which he set out in five books and over 1,000 essays.’
- ‘‘The history of penology,’ he went on, ‘is the saddest chapter in the history of civilization.’’
Mid 19th century: from Latin poena penalty + -logy.
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