Definition of pend in English:

pend

noun

English Regional, East Anglian
  • English regional (East Anglian). Pressure, strain; an awkward or difficult situation.

noun

Scottish
  • An arch, an archway; an arched or vaulted roof or canopy; the vaulted ground floor of a tower or fortified building; a covered passage or entry; (in later use) especially one leading off a street frontage.

verb

  • no object To pinch, be constricting. Also: to press or beat down. Compare pend. Now English regional (East Anglian).

verb

  • 1no object Now informal. To depend on or upon.

  • 2no object To await conclusion or resolution.

verb

Business
  • with object To treat as pending; to postpone deciding on or attending to; to defer.

Origin

Middle English (in an earlier sense). Apparently the regional (south-eastern and East Anglian) reflex of an Old English (i-mutated) by-form of pound. Compare Middle Low German pend pond (one isolated attestation in a 15th-cent. translation of an Old Frisian document)<br>late Middle English. Probably from pend<br>late Middle English (in an earlier sense). Originally a regional (south-eastern and East Anglian) variant of pind<br>late 15th century (in an earlier sense). From Middle French pendre to hang, be suspended and its etymon post-classical Latin pendere for classical Latin pendēre to hang, of uncertain origin. In branch II. after pending [adjective¹]<br>1950s; earliest use found in Pamela Frankau (1908–1967), novelist. Back-formation from pending.

Pronunciation

pend

/pɛnd/