Main definitions of pen in English

: pen1pen2pen3pen4

pen1

noun

  • 1An instrument for writing or drawing with ink, typically consisting of a metal nib or ball, or a nylon tip, fitted into a metal or plastic holder.

    figurative ‘invective flowed from the journalists' pens’
    • ‘Can't remember the last time I took up my drawing pen, far less a brush.’
    • ‘The desk was a little dusty in places and it housed a stationery holder containing three pens and a pencil, there were also several documents strewn across the desk.’
    • ‘These shoeboxes are made up of small gifts such as dolls, Lego models, pencils, pens, writing and drawing paper and sweets.’
    • ‘His pastel drawings feel loose, reworked and found, and his pen and pencil drawings are precise and fresh.’
    • ‘Plastic waste could be recycled and used to make plastic pens, and plastic twine.’
    • ‘Writing was done with nibs fitted into a pen holder.’
    • ‘Her first class of the day was, of course, a pen & ink drawing class.’
    • ‘There was a very large bed, a sturdy, metal writing desk and some pens and pencils were on top of the desk.’
    • ‘He uses a metal pen with a faceted diamond point on one end to etch into the datolite's surface, tracing over his original pencil drawing.’
    • ‘And most of them, once they get there, will continue to feed their habit using shared smuggled equipment or crude syringes made from biro pens, an old needle and an elastic band.’
    • ‘Future projects include continuing a series of line drawings using pens with increasingly finer and finer nibs.’
    • ‘Metallic pens come in precious metal and jewel colors and add a special sparkle, especially to dark paper.’
    • ‘They range from toy cellphones, chocolates, biscuits and drawing pens to colourful clothes.’
    • ‘These include a cuddly toy, a ball, pens, pencils and paper, a toothbrush and toothpaste.’
    • ‘It's just some crazy guy with a laptop, a cellphone, a stack of blank business cards and some drawing pens.’
    • ‘And this time, instead of taking only his pen and drawing pad, he took the TV cameras too.’
    • ‘He suddenly bent down and took out two blue ball point pens.’
    • ‘My son gave me a very thoughtful gift, a brand new fountain pen and a lovely ball pen, for jotting, he said.’
    • ‘The first giveaway is a package of six ball point pens.’
    • ‘She was ready to enter the world and make her mark on it with the long, sweeping strokes of a pen, that sacred instrument forbidden to women.’
    1. 1.1The occupation of writing.
      ‘she was forced to support herself by the pen’
      • ‘This soft-focus account might have grated coming from another pen, but it is impossible to begrudge a man who writes with such good humour and who knows only too well that he has fallen on his feet.’
      • ‘These advantages were defended with corresponding vehemence, and less by the pen than by action.’
      • ‘The essence of his theory is that, once the word has left the author's pen, the author has no control over its meaning.’
      • ‘Some successful tenders have simply repeated the words of the customer's tender specification as though they had come from the pen of the researcher.’
      • ‘He bridles, reeling off a list of generals who have wielded the pen as deftly as the swagger stick.’
      • ‘It is expected that another publication will be coming from the pen of the author in the next few months.’
      • ‘Rather, every moment of life requires a new stroke of the author's pen.’
      • ‘They all seem to be ruled by the Accountant's pen and the bottom line nowadays.’
      • ‘In more recent times, the power of the pen has taken a backseat and the new generation has become more used to the telephone.’
      • ‘For me, the ride had me weeping for joy as it does when I read it from the author's pen.’
      • ‘This is when she took to the pen - mainly to supplement family income.’
      • ‘For an occasion like the 50th anniversary of the death of Thomas Mann, the publisher himself, takes up the pen.’
      • ‘The author behind the creativity, the master of the pen, with that first press of ink on paper the original creation of a work is born.’
    2. 1.2An electronic pen-like device used in conjunction with a writing surface to enter commands or data into a computer.
      • ‘Image capture is a generic device for USB - why bother tightly binding the pen to the computer?’
      • ‘When you wrote on the pad with a special pen, your scribbles appeared on the computer display.’
      • ‘Lifting the computer pen, she began to work on the problems the desk supplied.’
      • ‘His essay covers much of the history of pen computing software and hardware from ten years ago up to now.’
      • ‘The electronic pen, like an ordinary pen, writes on paper but also digitally records information that is written down.’
      • ‘Users will input data using a pen like device writing on a pressure sensitive tablet.’
      • ‘This was a company that wanted to produce the first handheld computer that would be entirely operated by a pen device.’
      • ‘The pen records every stroke of the pen digitally.’
      • ‘Equipment that is rarely cleaned, such as pens, charts and computer keyboards, may also be a source of contamination.’
      • ‘The desk contained her computer, pens and pencils, and post-it notes, reminding her to do things.’
      • ‘A touch tablet is operated by a pen and functions as an input device.’
      • ‘We didn't replace our desktops and notebooks with pen computers, but we added a new type of little computer to our lives.’
      • ‘A mobile phone that had accessories including a camera, a small built-in computer and a magnetic pen, lay inside a Kakhi small bag tied to his left leg.’
      • ‘The pen for writing and telephoning is kept in the side of the bracket and features a built-in microphone and speaker.’
      • ‘Next, install the 6MB Mobile Desktop that is stored on your pen storage device.’
      • ‘You get the unit itself, a carrying sleeve, a power cord, an AC adapter, desktop stand, digital pen and a docking cable.’
      • ‘There are even some directly parallel devices in both ranges; for example, a wrist-watch like device for reading messages off, and a bluetooth pen.’
      • ‘A yellow cradle for storing the digital pen is cleverly built into the upper-right corner of the keyboard.’
      • ‘You can also use a digital pen to select, drag and double click objects on the screen.’
      • ‘Of course, the variable widths only work in conjunction with a pressure-sensitive pen and digital tablet.’
  • 2Zoology
    The tapering cartilaginous internal shell of a squid.

    • ‘Once inside, students cut out the squid's lungs, stomach, ink sac, and pen.’
    • ‘It has no backbone, but rather a quill-like pen located beneath its mantle, or body.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Write or compose.

    ‘Olivia penned award-winning poetry’
    • ‘So, I've just penned a note for each of the flats in the block requesting that the borrower return it.’
    • ‘Of course, no one used it on him until one of our columnists wrote asking him to pen a testimonial for a new book jacket.’
    • ‘It's a stormy and wet December start as I pen these notes.’
    • ‘Journalists love the dynasty story for the meat, colour and the opportunity to pen clever lines that it provides.’
    • ‘Say you love rhymes and think you'd like to pen some poetry.’
    • ‘It takes a lot more than inspiration to pen these lines.’
    • ‘He has a penchant for writing and has penned a few hundred poems.’
    • ‘But as any screenplay handbook will tell you, writing for motion pictures is not about penning lines of dialogue; it is about fashioning a narrative and constructing an event.’
    • ‘Proclaiming he wants to be a screenwriter too, Donald starts to pen the kind of formulaic thriller that runs against the very principles Charlie's work is built on.’
    • ‘And you dare not write off people who pen moaning letters to parish newsletters or local papers as cantankerous curmudgeons.’

Origin

Middle English (originally denoting a feather with a sharpened quill): from Old French penne, from Latin penna feather (in late Latin pen).

Pronunciation:

pen

/pɛn/

Main definitions of pen in English

: pen1pen2pen3pen4

pen2

noun

  • 1A small enclosure in which sheep, pigs, or other farm animals are kept.

    ‘a sheep pen’
    • ‘The trick was to move the gate into the pen scattering the sheep and then quickly bringing the gate back to only let a couple out.’
    • ‘Markets usually took place in the main streets where traders erected their stalls or pens for animals or other livestock.’
    • ‘Sheep are most commonly housed in bedded pens with a manure pack.’
    • ‘Local sheep farmers this year put in a special effort putting down pens and selling their sheep in the traditional way.’
    • ‘Small banked and walled enclosures are associated with some of the houses, perhaps pens for animal husbandry.’
    • ‘If wool is so important to this country, then prize sheep should not be corralled in pens too small to allow them to turn around.’
    • ‘The large livestock pens make provision for 850 cattle while the small stock pens can keep 500 sheep and goat.’
    • ‘His sources range from sidewalks and commercial buildings in town to barns, machine sheds, and livestock pens on farms.’
    • ‘Indoor exhibits were carefully carried into school and the immaculately groomed sheep unloaded into pens.’
    • ‘Then he moved on to sniff around the sheep where the lambing pen had been.’
    • ‘The shepherds pound the ground with their staffs and curse the sheep as they corral them into makeshift pens.’
    • ‘Designed as a giant sheep pen for agricultural shows, the room has a slanted floor for, well, better drainage.’
    • ‘The auctioneer stepped up onto the gangway above the sheep pens, briefly registered the small crowd of burly men in padded waistcoats and tweed hats and cleared his throat.’
    • ‘Along with the original small red house, the farm now has two barns, a sheep pen, and several sheds.’
    • ‘We've also converted pig and sheep pens into extra living space so when friends come they have their own kitchen, bathroom and bedrooms.’
    • ‘Feed bunks were located within each of the free stall housing pens.’
    • ‘He was looking out his window, from which he could see the sheep pen perfectly.’
    • ‘The sheep pens are on display and all strawed up, but will remain empty for two days whilst the show goes on around.’
    • ‘Additionally, sheep pens should be constructed on well-drained soils to avoid water-logging.’
    • ‘Outside was a sheep pen and a weathered orange taxi.’
    enclosure, fold, sheepfold, pound, compound, paddock, stockade, sty, coop, cage, stall, lock-up
    corral
    parrock
    kraal
    potrero
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A number of animals in or sufficient to fill a pen.
      ‘a pen of twenty-five Cheviots’
      • ‘One of the horses was rescued from a pen of horses bound for slaughter at the New Holland Sales in Pennsylvania.’
      • ‘A record price on a pen of three ewe lambs was set at $260 per head.’
      • ‘Best price of the day went to the man from Lockton for a pen of hoggs at 121p/kilo.’
      • ‘Research teams were then randomly assigned to a pen of birds.’
      • ‘Molly gave a glance to a pen of puppies at his feet, there were five.’
      • ‘In one scene she doubles for the actress when she parachutes into a pen of pigs.’
      • ‘Working-class immigrants, imbued with the dream of three acres and a cow, settled for a quarter-acre suburban block and a pen of chooks.’
      • ‘A pen of five lambs, averaging 50 kg was sold for €84.’
      • ‘Mr. Kidd also paid the second highest price E124 for a pen of ten lambs.’
      • ‘Depends on the draw of sheep too, if you get a good pen of sheep, makes a difference.’
      • ‘He was helping The Boss put a pen of cattle through the scales before they were trucked out so that they could take out the ones that didn't make the contracted weight.’
      • ‘She was in charge of a pen of six monkeys, and they took one piece of apparatus each.’
      • ‘Here's a pen of pigs from the local diary farm.’
    2. 1.2Any small enclosure in which someone or something can be confined.
      ‘she took the baby out of the pen and played with it’
      • ‘You may want to purchase some special items such as a dog carrier, a collar and leash, and perhaps a pen when confinement is necessary.’
      • ‘Babies play in little pens or in safely confined areas on a blanket on the floor.’
      • ‘Each prisoner remained in his cell at all times, save for a brief daily exercise period held in an individual pen adjoining each cell.’
      • ‘Pigs are confined to pens so small they can hardly move.’
      • ‘Today most pigs are kept in confined pens, fed a strict diet, and are slaughtered before their eighth month.’
    3. 1.3A covered dock for a submarine or other warship.
      ‘U-boat pens’
      • ‘The attacks by day and night utterly destroyed the towns surrounding the submarine pens but did virtually no damage to the targets themselves.’
      • ‘The Allies could now bomb factories and submarine pens with great frequency and accuracy.’
      • ‘His main aim was a breakthrough to the coast of Belgium so that German submarine pens could be destroyed.’
      • ‘Massive submarine pens were built near Bordeaux and the impact they had can be seen from the following figures.’
      • ‘Sometimes he was right, as in his denunciation of the pointless attacks on the concrete-reinforced U-boat pens on the French coast.’
  • 2(in the West Indies) a farm or plantation.

    • ‘Those are pheasant pens in the background behind the plough.’
    • ‘My own grandfather suffered his debilitating stroke on horseback out at the pens behind the old ranch house.’
    • ‘The club also built a new pheasant pen during the summer and it was used to release birds later.’
    • ‘A view bench is by an acreage of pheasant pens; structures made of netting, awaiting the season's cannon fodder.’
    • ‘Track swings uphill by pheasant pens, 200 yards, left at T-junction to forest track, right fork at Y - junction and continue uphill.’
    • ‘After searching the outbuildings, including the pheasant pens, he and his son moved to land at the back of the farm.’
    • ‘That year, 21 birds were released from holding pens at the Harewood estate near Leeds, and a further 19 the following year.’
    • ‘Pigeon races should be rerouted to avoid falcons and simple techniques for scaring or discouraging raptors at pigeon lofts and pheasant pens should be investigated.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Put or keep (an animal) in a pen.

    ‘it was the practice to pen the sheep for clipping’
    ‘these cattle need to be penned in at night’
    • ‘Now the goats weren't penned at the time but we figured with the two of us it would be no problem to grab them.’
    • ‘To one side along the palisade stood crofts which held penned goats, cattle, and a few sheep.’
    • ‘The animals will be penned so that people can pat them and speak to Santa before a final high street parade at 1.45 pm.’
    • ‘Tess made a little outrun and brought the ducks to a small wire pen and penned them.’
    • ‘We were driving about 140 head of horses down this right of way, to pen them.’
    confine, enclose, impound, shut in, fence in
    hurdle, rail in, immure, mew up, box in, box up, lock in, lock up, cage, imprison, intern, hold captive, incarcerate
    encircle, surround, ring, encompass, hem in, close in, hedge in, trap, kettle
    corral
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Confine someone in a restricted space.
      ‘they had been penned up day and night in the house’
      • ‘Not that he was uncomfortable being without a shirt, it was just the fact that he had three females staring down at him, almost as if they were penning him in.’
      • ‘But that denies then your nature as Canadians, like saying it's because you have laws that pen you in.’
      • ‘At least 20 protesters were injured, two seriously, after being penned into an enclosed area.’
      • ‘It is going to be very difficult for us and we will be penned in for periods.’
      • ‘She felt a presence all around her, as if she was being watched, being penned in, being trapped.’
      • ‘Some paced back and forth as if they were penned in with no way out.’
      • ‘They also claim they are penned in by the almost impossible requirement that they prove an officer had the specific intent to kill or injure a victim in order to get a conviction.’
      • ‘There, unable to avoid the blows because they were penned in by the trap, the enemy would be crushed under the maces of the battlemothers.’
      • ‘Scotland Yard said about 200 to 300 protesters were still in the Oxford Circus area, where they had been penned in by riot police for about seven hours.’
      • ‘Police ordered the picketers to stay on the sidewalk, set up wooden barricades to pen them in and told strikers to extinguish the fires in oil drums they lit to stay warm.’

Origin

Old English penn, of unknown origin.

Pronunciation:

pen

/pɛn/

Main definitions of pen in English

: pen1pen2pen3pen4

pen3

noun

  • A female swan.

    • ‘There are ducks and cranes, and every few miles a cob and pen circle as only swans can in their own territory.’
    • ‘The two swans (a pen and a cob) have since brought seven baby cygnets into the world.’
    • ‘In early May, the pen, or female swan, lays from 3-9 dull white eggs which measure 4 1/2 inches in length and weigh about 12 ounces.’
    • ‘he male mute swan, known as the cob, fiercely defends the territory that he and his mate, the pen, share.’
    • ‘The pen, or female swan, was visible on the nest, but there was no sign of her paramour.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation:

pen

/pɛn/

Main definitions of pen in English

: pen1pen2pen3pen4

pen4

noun

North american
informal
  • ‘you could get twenty years in a federal pen for shooting your mouth off like that’
    short for penitentiary
    • ‘You know, they bury guys alive out at the federal pen for stuff like that.’
    • ‘It matters, but you really want to go to the heavy federal pen if you want street credibility.’
    • ‘Two years later, she pleaded guilty to conspiracy to defraud and was sentenced to nine months in the federal pen.’
    • ‘"The po-lice threw me in the pen for shooting a man," he explained.’

Pronunciation:

pen

/pɛn/

Main definitions of pen in English

: pen1pen2pen3pen4

PEN

  • 1International Association of Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists, and Novelists.

  • 2Peruvian nuevo sol(es).