Definition of peat in English:



mass noun
  • 1A brown deposit resembling soil, formed by the partial decomposition of vegetable matter in the wet acidic conditions of bogs and fens, and often cut out and dried for use as fuel and in gardening.

    ‘mulch plants with leaf mould or peat’
    as modifier ‘a peat bog’
    • ‘Dig materials such as straw, peat, compost, and leaves into the soil, or lay them on as mulch.’
    • ‘The directive does require farmers to supply pigs with rooting materials such as straw, hay, wood, sawdust, compost or peat.’
    • ‘It may be desirable to amend the soil with sand or peat.’
    • ‘Two rivers flowed between us and our destination, a miniature hut lost in an expanse of peat bog.’
    • ‘In marked contrast, needles of a variety of conifers are frequently abundant in peat and lake deposits.’
    • ‘Potting soil contains rich organic material such as peat and various composted barks.’
    • ‘A lot of East Anglia was covered in peat bog, until they decided to drain it.’
    • ‘An energy tax would penalise industries which use energy based on fossil fuel, including oil, coal and peat.’
    • ‘The climate was temperate but windy, the terrain a mixture of downland, rocky hills and peat bogs.’
    • ‘It is believed to get its name from a long gone drainage channel which ran over a peat bog.’
    • ‘The largest frozen peat bog in the world, lying in western Siberia, is melting, according to Russian scientists.’
    • ‘The reason why it was so well preserved was that it was recovered from a peat bog.’
    • ‘Other garden peat can contain chemicals that can harm discus fish so just be careful.’
    • ‘Place the seeds in a plastic bag with a mixture of sand and peat or other suitable growing mix.’
    • ‘Potting mixes containing peat seem to be particularly affected by fungus gnats.’
    • ‘There is no air in a peat bog and, therefore, undrained peat is made up of 90% water.’
    • ‘It provides a good usable soil amendment for the garden and is certainly much less expensive than peat.’
    • ‘The route meanders up, over the rocks and then more peat bog.’
    • ‘The plant material, which forms deposits of peat locally, is likely the source of the phosphate.’
    • ‘At 350 hectares, Foulshaw Moss is one of the largest remaining areas of peat bog habitat in Britain.’
    fertilizer, mulch
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1usually peatscount noun A cut piece of peat.
      ‘he reached forward to add a couple of peats to the fire’
      • ‘I have written about peat-cutting, drying, stacking and burning for different jobs, but last week I learned of a method of stacking peats that I had never heard of before.’
      • ‘Even the locals who do cut the peats are mostly just doing it to have a big fire at New Year.’
      • ‘The weather held good for us yesterday so we took the opportunity to get up on the moor and bag up the peats ready to bring in.’
      • ‘Back into the sitting room they pulled the peats out of the fire and carried them outside on a shovel.’
      • ‘First the stove had to be stoked up with peats, then I changed, dried my hair and made a cup of coffee.’


Middle English: from Anglo-Latin peta, perhaps of Celtic origin.