Definition of patroon in English:

patroon

noun

US
historical
  • A person given land and granted certain manorial privileges under the former Dutch governments of New York and New Jersey.

    • ‘At first, the rights of the Dutch were maintained, and many prominent families, such as the De Peysters, who were descendants of Dutch patroons, continued to be a cultural, mercantile, and political force.’
    • ‘Yet the original grants under which the patroons had obtained their power withstood all attempts to remove them.’
    • ‘Another mass meeting of tenants resolved to ‘go into a ten-year contest with the patroon or until a redress of grievances is obtained’.’
    • ‘When the English took over the colony from the Dutch in 1664, the patroon system was continued and, indeed, large manors were allotted to English settlers.’

Origin

Mid 17th century: from Dutch.

Pronunciation:

patroon

/pəˈtruːn/