Definition of patina in English:



  • 1A green or brown film on the surface of bronze or similar metals, produced by oxidation over a long period.

    ‘many bronzes have been overcleaned, their original patina removed and artificially replaced’
    • ‘Over time, the copper acquires an attractive patina.’
    • ‘Four of the heads wear masks of applied gold-leaf, and it gleams strangely over the green patina of the ancient bronze.’
    • ‘A bright copper skin will gradually oxidize to a green patina that will blend into surrounding nature.’
    • ‘A dark bronze with minimal patina, the sculpture itself is massive but subtle.’
    • ‘In sulfurous atmospheres, a brown patina may be produced.’
    • ‘However, the statue has been there for many years and over time has developed a patina which is characteristic of bronze.’
    • ‘Uprights are one-inch copper pipes which will weather to a blue green patina to match the trim color of the house.’
    • ‘They'd cast it in a rough mix of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, so that the rust and patinas of decay would be reproduced quickly.’
    • ‘His experimental nature has not diminished and continues to explore in bronze casting and developing patina.’
    • ‘Most of the scratchy lines and squiggles visible here are the green patina of oxidized bronze, not a part of the original coin as cast.’
    • ‘Highlights on aging water pipes suggested an aquamarine-hued patina, which supplants the festive polychromy of Scott's earlier kinetic works.’
    • ‘Old pewter develops a patina or film of thin oxide which is difficult to replicate, and this type of oxidation is one of the things collectors look for to confirm age.’
    • ‘It is also non-magnetic, resists wear, and forms a green patina which makes it resistant to corrosion.’
    • ‘Poised along the stream are a pair of coyote sculptures cut from sheet metal and allowed to develop a rusty patina.’
    • ‘It contains a small amount of copper and acquires a patina that resists corrosion.’
    • ‘The likeness of the poet and the bench he sits upon are cast in bronze which has acquired a fine and appropriately green patina.’
    • ‘Steel will eventually rust, but that just adds an appealing patina.’
    • ‘The other small works have a lighter green patina, often streaky, as if they had been exposed to the elements.’
    • ‘Hand rubbing develops patina on silver which adds to its beauty.’
    • ‘By and large, people prefer their copper and brass polished, so some evidence of age, offered by the patina which is so helpful in identifying genuinely old articles of pewter, is not always available for copper and brass.’
    layer, coat, coating, covering, cover, surface, sheet, blanket, dusting, skin, overlay, screen, mask, wash, glaze, varnish, veneer, veil
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    1. 1.1 A gloss or sheen on a surface resulting from age or polishing.
      ‘the dining table will acquire a warm patina with age’
      figurative ‘plankton added a golden patina to the shallow, slowly moving water’
      • ‘Its beauty increases with use which causes a patina or soft sheen to form.’
      • ‘As in cleaning an oil painting, carefully removing the dirty finish would reveal the quality of the wood and the dressing table's true patina.’
      • ‘The pine bookshelves finished with only the unique patina of age, held an eclectic selection of literary works.’
      • ‘Unlike leather goods and fine wood that develop a desirable patina and texture with age, the effect is less than appealing when it's staring back at you from the mirror.’
      • ‘The dining room's French fruitwood table, dating from the 1860s, plays off the patina of the original plank floors.’
      • ‘This wood-panelled study retains much of its original patina.’
      • ‘Another way to conjure a time and place is with wood furniture that has patina.’
      • ‘It will thrive with absolutely no care whatsoever, and over time will develop a patina of silver gray as it ages.’
      • ‘His skills as a furniture restorer enabled him to expertly reproduce old patina and copy surface decoration.’
      • ‘Trims were gilded and every bit of wood showing polished to a patina like glass.’
      • ‘It softens and lifts the paint up from the surface of the wood but does not discolor, raise the grain, or destroy the wood's natural patina.’
      • ‘Or choose from hand-hewn barn beams and pole rafters, rich in character and historic detail with a beautiful aged, natural patina.’
      • ‘Although he was frequently asked to ‘antique,’ or add a false patina, to his wares, he steadfastly refused.’
      • ‘It has a gorgeous marble chequerboard floor, varnished walls which ape the patina of age, weathered-looking mirrors, soft but stylish chrome lighting, candles, flowers and retro jazz playing in the background.’
      • ‘It was grainy and shiny with the most amazing patina and colouring, a real mahogany nugget revealed.’
      • ‘Kudos to you for wanting to restore them while maintaining their patina and natural beauty.’
      • ‘All edges are carefully sanded round and the wood is protected with all-natural ‘elf oil’ that will darken with the wood as it ages, giving the kitchen a beautifully rich patina.’
      • ‘The remodelled Cinq feels like its exquisite reproduction furniture: beautifully done, not a thread out of place, but the lack of any patina of age gives it away.’
      • ‘The researchers looked at the tablet's patina - the coating of chemicals that forms on surfaces as they age.’
      shine, sheen, lustre, gleam, shininess, glossiness, brightness, brilliance, shimmer, sparkle
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    2. 1.2 The impression or appearance of something.
      ‘he carries the patina of old money and good breeding’
      • ‘For some time, he seems to have been growing dissatisfied with the gradualist, uniformitarian patina which had grown to encrust evolutionary theory.’
      • ‘The stone house, which has the patina of a much older place, like a Roman ruin, opens into a courtyard where students paint.’
      • ‘Do you think the Academy is really hip to how great Gosford Park is, or do they just like it's patina of British upper-crust respectability?’
      • ‘Her body once again shone with a patina of emotion.’
      • ‘And, therefore, it gains the sort of magical patina after a while.’
      • ‘Early this year, when it became clear that among the fallout from the tech-stock bust would be a global downturn, the dollar acquired the patina of a safe-haven currency.’
      • ‘Over the generations it's acquired a patina of legend, and in a world of the instantaneous that has an attraction.’
      • ‘Now attractively aged and peeling, it has acquired a patina of genuine London urban angst.’
      • ‘‘The whole idea of having glitzy costumes with a patina of the old Las Vegas showgirl style really interested me,’ he says.’
      • ‘And just to add the patina of respectability, we put in a blackcurrant bush.’
      • ‘The shape of things as you change your viewing angle now carries the patina of meaning.’
      • ‘The man is art history now and the work, with the patina of age and importance, is beyond the critical comprehension of us mere mortals.’
      • ‘Recycled materials add a rustic patina throughout the home.’
      • ‘Europeans, meanwhile, despite the patina of ancient castles and old concertos, have become unmoored from their roots.’
      • ‘The buildings, like the bridge, will weather and change over time and gradually acquire the patina of use and common history.’
      • ‘There were no real hard hedges to it, but a kind of luxurious patina that drew the listener into his unique world as if by stealth.’
      • ‘The series is tinged with that otherworldly patina that makes anime special.’
      • ‘It only appears here to give a misleading patina of bilingualism to my blog.’
      • ‘He married their sister, Elizabeth of York, to add the patina of a blood right.’
      • ‘Although new, this kitchen achieves the comfortable patina of age, thanks to the use of rich colors and a variety of finishes.’


Mid 18th century: from Italian, from Latin patina ‘shallow dish’.