Definition of pathology in English:

pathology

noun

  • 1[mass noun] The science of the causes and effects of diseases, especially the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes.

    ‘research people skilled in experimental pathology’
    • ‘An understanding of the traditional photographic work flow in anatomic pathology is essential to designing a successful digital imaging solution.’
    • ‘Formaldehyde is used widely as a tissue preservative in pathology laboratories and embalming services.’
    • ‘What happens to a bullet once it is turned over to the pathology department?’
    • ‘The last part of the book recognizes the increasing importance of molecular pathology and genetics.’
    • ‘Science itself was a new, fragile discipline at this time: experimental physiology, pathology, and pharmacology first flourished in Berlin and Paris in the 1820s.’
    • ‘In paragraph 1 he gives details of his experience in forensic medicine and pathology.’
    • ‘Six anatomic pathology reports were selected to cover a range of specimens and complexity.’
    • ‘He received many awards and prizes and was president of five medical societies of pathology and ophthalmology.’
    • ‘Experts in anaesthesiology, pathology, gynaecology and radiology are particularly in demand.’
    • ‘The field of forensic pathology investigates sudden, unnatural, unexplained, or violent deaths.’
    • ‘Several aspects of practice and their effect on surgical pathology consultations were studied.’
    • ‘The hacker gained initial access through a Linux system in the hospital's pathology department.’
    • ‘The learning objectives include those related both to general computing and to pathology informatics specifically.’
    • ‘The provision of perinatal and paediatric pathology services is a sign of an enlightened society.’
    • ‘The question of what constitutes a diagnostic error in anatomic pathology should be addressed.’
    • ‘The instinctive personal preference and familiarity with formalin is an important factor in diagnostic surgical pathology.’
    • ‘With slight modification, the questions are organized here into 15 topic categories within pathology informatics.’
    • ‘The tissue specimens were interpreted by the pathology departments of the respective participating centers.’
    • ‘Some hospital clinical and pathology departments hold regular audits of deaths.’
    • ‘In British Columbia, pathology laboratories are required by law to report all newly diagnosed cancers to the Registry.’
    1. 1.1Medicine
      Pathological features considered collectively; the typical behaviour of a disease.
      ‘the pathology of Huntington's disease’
      • ‘A causal mechanism and the potential reversibility of lung pathology await elucidation.’
      • ‘If the only evaluation is a semen analysis, underlying pathology can be missed.’
      • ‘Although reduction of mtDNA is a critical factor in type 2 diabetes pathology, the question remains as to the nature of the original insult.’
      • ‘The problems won't be resolved until scientists get a firmer grip on the pathology of the disease.’
      • ‘Semiquantitative analysis of lung pathology confirmed these changes.’
    2. 1.2Medicine
      A pathological condition.
      ‘the dominant pathology is multiple sclerosis’
      • ‘All had cerebral atrophy, but none had intracranial vascular pathology on magnetic resonance imaging examination.’
      • ‘This section reviews the emerging knowledge on the role of DCs in several major lung pathologies.’
      • ‘Many pathologies were recorded from the remains, such as evidence of poor nutrition, poor dental hygiene and a life of physical, repetitive work.’
      • ‘Underlying rotator cuff pathologies should be treated before injection.’
    3. 1.3[usually with modifier]Mental, social, or linguistic abnormality or malfunction.
      ‘the city's inability to cope with the pathology of a burgeoning underclass’
      • ‘Globalism gratifies the same mental pathologies as Marxism and is therefore perfect for disillusioned intellectuals looking for a new home.’
      • ‘The patient was referred to speech pathology and for psychological counselling.’
      • ‘It's also being applied to the correction of speech pathologies.’
      • ‘History teaches us that populism has recurring pathologies; it is especially important to recognize and counteract them.’
      • ‘All these moralistic pathologies are likely to impinge on individual liberty and economic efficiency.’
      • ‘My effort, in talking about the pathologies of public opinion, is to root the criticisms in well-established realities of public psychology.’
      • ‘Economic and social development as twin goals of the developmental state cannot take place under the pathologies of greed, tribalism and incompetence.’
      • ‘I do think that mental pathologies can be written, and I think that prose fiction is a particularly good way of doing it.’
      • ‘There is the belief that functional brain scanning can individuate mental pathologies in the living brain.’
      • ‘This, I think, helps explain some modern liberal and leftist pathologies.’
      • ‘Others point to long-enduring pathologies of American foreign policy.’
      • ‘Far from virtue, this is pathology, behavior that serves neither the self nor others.’
      • ‘To me, outsourcing is a symptom that we have pathologies in our economic system that we must solve.’
      • ‘School drop-outs, juvenile delinquency, and gang wars were symptoms of underlying social pathology.’
      • ‘And I think it has led to a lot of the social pathologies that we see in the United States almost 30 years later.’
      • ‘Social scientists, using modern research techniques, now had it in their power to use the state to prevent social pathologies from emerging.’
      • ‘The state associations for speech-language pathology and audiology also maintain listings of licensed and certified therapists.’
      • ‘Despite its lack of an evolutionary perspective, the book has some value for specialists interested in the pathologies of individual belief.’
      • ‘Others who don't have that degree of pathology might just need behavioral weight loss treatment.’
      • ‘At the time, many cities seemed consumed with social pathologies like illegitimacy, crime, and drug addiction.’

Origin

Early 17th century: from modern or medieval Latin pathologia (see patho-, -logy).

Pronunciation:

pathology

/pəˈθɒlədʒi/