Definition of pathological in English:

pathological

(North American pathologic)

adjective

  • 1Relating to pathology.

    ‘the interpretation of pathological studies’
    • ‘The clinical and key pathologic features of the cases we studied are summarized in the Table.’
    • ‘Our goal is to provide a framework for studying these adaptive and pathologic changes.’
    • ‘The pathological mechanisms of disease progression are unclear but oxidant stress may play a role.’
    • ‘In the present study, clinical diagnoses substantially agreed with pathologic diagnoses.’
    • ‘Studies looking at pathological or brain imaging data would be needed to address these possibilities.’
    • ‘Epidemiological, clinical and pathological data from all patients treated in our institute have been recorded on a computerized database since 1996.’
    • ‘All the cases included demonstrated clinical and pathologic evidence of ischemia after chart review.’
    • ‘In past studies, significant pathologic findings were not found in 3 to 82 percent of such patients.’
    • ‘They therefore act as indicators of any recent pathological state or acute illness.’
    • ‘It appears from our data that a single measurement of the bronchial tree reflects the severity of disease as determined by pathologic analysis.’
    • ‘Until now, there has been no pathologic study of symptomatic infants: the youngest patients biopsied previously had been 3 years old.’
    • ‘Clinical and pathologic data for the 84 patients studied are shown in Table 1.’
    • ‘Microscopic images captured with digital cameras for pathologic studies have been analyzed at many research institutes.’
    • ‘The thing that separates boys and girls in academic ability is nothing to do with gender, or hormones, or anything physical, pathological, histological, or hormonal.’
    • ‘The identified infants were included in the study when placental pathologic and cranial ultrasonographic data were available for review.’
    • ‘More detailed prospective clinical and pathologic studies may assist in clarifying the etiology and pathogenesis of these disorders.’
    • ‘Clinical, radiographic, and pathologic findings, including ultrastructural studies in select cases, were analyzed and correlated.’
    • ‘From here, he was awarded a New Zealand Fellowship to study pathological anatomy in the United States.’
    • ‘The author claims that historical, iconographic, pathological, physical, and chemical evidence points to inauthenticity.’
    • ‘The clinical and pathologic findings of this study are summarized in the Table.’
  • 2Involving or caused by a physical or mental disease.

    ‘glands with a pathological abnormality’
    • ‘But just as a workable and testable theory has evolved, important work by an international group implies potentially four pathological patterns of multiple sclerosis.’
    • ‘Forty-four patients were enrolled in the present study and the baseline pathologic and clinical characteristics of this group are summarized in Table 1.’
    • ‘Careful inspection of the bones revealed distinct pathologic abnormalities.’
    • ‘The etiology remains unclear, and the association with cardiac pathological changes is uncertain.’
    • ‘Destruction of the alveolar walls, one of the pathologic changes in pulmonary emphysema, had been considered irreversible.’
    • ‘Our study of pathological prognostic factors at presentation confirmed these findings for women with early breast cancer.’
    • ‘Whether these pathologic changes are associated with abnormal pulmonary function or gas exchange abnormalities awaits further study.’
    • ‘Chronic wounds may result from pathologic disease processes.’
    • ‘Animal models are widely used in the study of pathologic processes of periodontitis.’
    • ‘Evidence of pathological change in the COPD diaphragm is continuing to mount.’
    • ‘Forensic pathologists see the natural pathologic progression of many untreated diseases.’
    • ‘Haemorrhoids result from the pathological changes in prolapsed anal cushions.’
    • ‘Elevated intracranial pressure is present in many pathologic states, including meningitis, intracranial hemorrhage, and tumors.’
    • ‘The following studies are examples of pathological responses in animals that were induced by exposure to UV rays.’
    • ‘We define primary bronchiolar disorders as those diseases in which an isolated pathologic process is limited to bronchioles anatomically.’
    • ‘However, 39,901 of the appendixes removed showed no pathologic features of appendicitis.’
    • ‘We can see that the Egyptians recognized the connection between food and the cause of certain pathological diseases.’
    • ‘No pathological abnormalities such as serious disease or physical deformities were recorded.’
    • ‘Because of this it can also help remove the pathological buildup of calcium associated with arthritic joints.’
    • ‘The patient continued to develop further skeletal metastases with pathological fractures and finally died ten months after the initial presentation.’
    morbid, diseased
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  • 3informal Compulsive; obsessive.

    ‘a pathological gambler’
    • ‘A minority will continue to become pathological gamblers.’
    • ‘‘I do not understand your pathological obsession about mysteries,’ Chase mumbled as he followed after his dark-haired cousin.’
    • ‘A score of five or more categorizes the participant as a ‘probable pathological gambler’, three or four as a ‘problem gambler’.’
    • ‘To check out all the other results and confirm that my pathological lying ‘issue’ is all in the past, click here and see for yourself.’
    • ‘Psychologists and social workers define pathological gamblers as those whose gambling is persistent and out of control.’
    • ‘Because treatment tends to be individually focused, most family members of pathological gamblers never receive the care they need.’
    • ‘We found that our three probable pathological gamblers usually gambled with family and close friends.’
    • ‘I think that's one of the reasons that the home run derby has become such a pathological obsession over the last couple of seasons.’
    • ‘Another limitation is that it focused on people with relatively minor gambling problems - only four of the participants were classified as pathological gamblers.’
    • ‘The essential problem with compulsive gamblers, however, is their blindness to this pathological desire to lose.’
    • ‘As indicated in the literature, probable pathological gamblers in adolescence are at risk of becoming adult pathological gamblers, especially when they participate in a variety of gambling activities.’
    • ‘The same schedule is in all gambling devices and it creates the pathological gambler.’
    • ‘But, most people with a pathological obsession with ‘race’ are not in asylums, so we must address them as a component of our everyday lives.’
    • ‘Of course, America's critics regard the country's obsession with sovereignty and self-government as anachronistic and pathological.’
    • ‘Probable pathological gamblers have a score greater than 4, and were included in the present study as problem gamblers.’
    • ‘It was an obsession bordering on the pathological.’
    • ‘To understand causes of compulsive gambling or pathological gambling, it is useful to explore causes of impulse control disorders.’
    • ‘I think I've indulged in a pathological, chronic nostalgia over the years, which I've traced back to my childhood.’
    • ‘Problem gambling and pathological gambling are well-defined psychiatric conditions.’
    • ‘However, in the U.S., such decisions have increasingly become pathological obsessions, as men become more and more subject to unattainable body ideals.’
    compulsive, obsessive, inveterate, habitual, persistent, chronic, clinical, hardened, confirmed, unreasonable, irrational, illogical
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Pronunciation:

pathological

/paθəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l/