Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
The form of a verb, typically ending in -ed in English, which is used in forming perfect and passive tenses and sometimes as an adjective, e.g. looked in have you looked?, lost in lost property.
- ‘The word ‘tradition’ comes from the Latin traditio, and before that from the past participle of the verb tradere, which means ‘to deliver,’ in the sense of carrying something across, from one place to another.’
- ‘However, when studying German I was taught some grammar: so I thus learned the difference between a past tense and a past participle, and the difference between the nominative and the accusative cases.’
- ‘The past participles affectus and effectus got borrowed into English (perhaps with passage through French) as affect and effect.’
- ‘When its past participle passed into English in the 16th century as the verb capitulate, it still held this meaning and it did not become the more specific ‘make terms of surrender’ until the 17th century.’
- ‘Although the noun and the past participle elf-schot are identical in form, their grammatical functions are different, and they must be considered separately.’
- ‘Both of them have a raft of irregular preterites and past participles, suggesting long standing confusion.’
- ‘Conversely, ‘copyright’ is often misspelled as ‘copywrite’ and its past participle written as ‘copywritten’.’
- ‘Moreover, shut, in slam the door shut, might well be regarded as derived from the past participle of the verb shut.’
- ‘There are about 24 verbs in English that have identical past participle, preterite, and plain form.’
- ‘It is the past participle of the verb consommer, meaning to consume or accomplish or finish, and indicating in this context a ‘finished’ soup as opposed to a simple stock or broth.’
- ‘I don't remember previously noticing this, but for me the idiom go it alone is extremely limited in its contexts of occurrence: there can be no tense inflection on go, nor past participle inflection.’
- ‘Election comes from electus, the past participle of the Latin verb eligere ‘to choose’, and the adjective elect meaning ‘chosen’ has also become a part of the English language.’
- ‘Challenges become threats, pop heroes become corpses and present tense becomes past participle.’
- ‘The same is true of an adjective distinguished from a past participle: an agèd man as opposed to aged 30; a learnèd professor as opposed to learned English quickly.’
- ‘Thus, in all verbs the preterite and the past participle were the same and ended in ed.’
- ‘It is the past participle, used adjectivally, of the verb striegeln.’
- ‘You know,’ he begins with a wry smile, ‘when I asked my English teacher the past participle of the verb to tear, she hesitated, then promised to look it up for me.’’
- ‘Those are words which are used to describe a state of immunity in respect of things which are then expressed with adjectival past participles, any advice furnished, anything done, omitted to be done.’
- ‘Well, you are quite right: if you count auxiliaries to the past participle, the third principal part, it is almost 30.’
- ‘The past participle stem for pat - was pass -, from which an adjective stem passiv - was derived.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.