Main definitions of passage in English

: passage1passage2

passage1

noun

  • 1mass noun The action or process of moving through or past somewhere on the way from one place to another.

    ‘there were moorings for boats wanting passage through the lock’
    • ‘On August 30th, 1906, he passed the Bering Strait to make the historic first boat passage into the Pacific Ocean.’
    • ‘The game was hallmarked by a superb full back display by Ms. Dalton, past whom nothing found passage, although she had generous aid from a better-balanced team.’
    • ‘The decrease was because of competition from land transport and the easier passage through the Bulgarian land borders, the airport said.’
    • ‘These can grant passage to higher tiers of coliseum borders or past a sealed off fortress, to cite some examples.’
    • ‘These are well-named and can be observed swimming at the surface on almost every passage by boat in the tropics.’
    • ‘Town's defence stayed on top of the exchanges in their zone and it was their efforts that secured their passage into the next round.’
    • ‘It often crosses Griffin's mind how rowing must seem to the layman watching from the bank: the harmony of the strokes, the smooth passage of the boats across the water, the apparent control.’
    • ‘There is a road to the coast there, and passage by boat from Lina or Riale.’
    • ‘That was before the Uefa Cup run gathered momentum, before his booming finish at Anfield sealed Celtic's passage past Liverpool and his position as a crowd favourite.’
    • ‘He was pointing to some obstructions to his boat's passage.’
    • ‘The bus's passage through Trinidad and past the turnoff for Ludlow, Colorado, marks the midpoint on its route from Albuquerque to Denver.’
    • ‘The ambulances are regularly denied passage through security checkpoints, allegedly for fear that they may be smuggling weapons.’
    • ‘He said: ‘These passports not only speed your passage through immigration but are also more difficult to forge or use fraudulently.’’
    • ‘A second metaphor, then, is how easily such travel is derailed, passage blocked and messages scrambled.’
    • ‘The sea is subject to far more turbulent weather and the coast offers few places of shelter for the vessels that have been making passage here since boats were invented.’
    • ‘They had received no help from the wealthy Singapore Hadhrami families who in the past often gave new migrants money and assisted their passage to Indonesia.’
    • ‘Go over the bridge, which runs over the moving lava passage then up to the altar.’
    • ‘Through Tom Tom's eyes we experience the plunge from the roof and his slow-motion passage past the windows on each floor.’
    • ‘You think that clearing the snow is an act of old fashioned community spirit that creates safe passage for passing pedestrians.’
    • ‘It may seem tame in this context to devote time and technical skill to throwing up perfect spheres of glass in a vacuum and timing their passage up and down past two pairs of slits.’
    • ‘Having no quarrel with the medial view of motion, Sadra sets out to prove the objective existence of motion as passage.’
    transit, progress, passing, movement, moving, motion, going, crossing, travelling, traversal, traverse
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The action or process of moving forward.
      ‘despite the passage of time she still loved him’
      • ‘Something blocked his passage, despite his clear view of the dirt, trampled plants, and pebbles of the path outside.’
      • ‘She tapped the shoulder of the person in front of her, asking for passage forward.’
      • ‘He sneers at her approach and waddles forward to block her passage.’
      • ‘In our judgment the conclusion reached by the judge, despite the unprecedented passage of time since 1942, was correct.’
      • ‘There is an anchor locker forward and rigging shrouds are well inboard for easy passage fore and aft.’
      • ‘Despite this passage of time, the contents of these documents have immense relevance to the current policies of the US government.’
      • ‘The money could be recoverable from the officer who was responsible for not having filed the written statement despite passage of so much time.’
      passing, advance, course, march, moving on, flow
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 The right to pass through somewhere.
      ‘we obtained a permit for safe passage from the embassy’
      • ‘In this way the Newport fleet connects to an ancient maritime tradition of asking for safe passage and a bountiful catch.’
      • ‘Very little has been done to ensure pedestrians have safe passage over the bridge.’
      • ‘It is disturbing, for example, to hear of vehicles stolen from Tanzania easily finding safe passage into Zambia without encountering problems at the border.’
      • ‘Imagine knowing that a close member of your family's life was in danger, selling everything you and your family owned to try to pay for their passage to a safe haven may be the only way of saving their life.’
      • ‘Ask yourself if it would have lead to an effective strategy for countering the enemy or ending the safe passage they had through-out Afghanistan?’
      • ‘The group also demanded a $50m ransom as well as safe passage and the publication of their manifesto by all of the countries whose diplomats had been held.’
      • ‘The advisory assumes significances amid reports that efforts are on to secure the safe passage of three Indians being held hostage there.’
      • ‘In another audacious move he sent envoys to the Crusader leaders in Acre asking for safe passage and the right to purchase supplies.’
      • ‘He allegedly donated #1m for safe passage to Hong Kong after alleged involvement with Asian drugs ring.’
      • ‘But we provide space-based utilities no such security or assurance of safe passage or operation.’
      • ‘Despite a letter of free passage signed by the Hungarian foreign minister, officials at the airport still obstructed Douglas's departure and called the interior ministry.’
      • ‘In Naas, the main street will be closed from 10 am to 2 pm and there will be barriers erected to ensure the runners safe passage through the crowd.’
      • ‘Conneh was duly freed and ensured his safe passage back to Guinea.’
      • ‘While Gerry was to be congratulated for his thoroughness in preparation, it was perhaps unfortunate that Chic was handed the responsibility of ensuring safe passage for our runners.’
      • ‘Where you once safely drove around the dodgy streets of seedy inner-city suburbs, you're now confined to relying on your alertness and stealth to ensure safe passage.’
      • ‘Trangmar's starting point was the Greek myth of Ariadne, who sent a ball of thread twisting through pathways to enable Theseus's safe passage from the Minotaur's labyrinth.’
      • ‘The general manager spent much of yesterday negotiating safe and swift passage out of Turkey but was unable to secure the return of a £40,000 jet pump.’
      • ‘As is often the way in Vietnam, moving from the raft to the cruiseship was a haphazard, risky venture that relies largely on local know-how rather than any sort of safe passage.’
      • ‘Some are kidnapped but most often their parents not only know, but actually pay ‘busones’ or scouts to ensure their safe passage in the hope that they will have a better life.’
      • ‘He was on the island of a good king who gave passage to many travelers.’
      safe conduct, entry, admission, access
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3count noun A journey by sea or air.
      ‘I booked a passage on the next ship’
      • ‘Way too many hours and credits later, Duvessa had triumphantly booked passage on the small transport, the Star Dancer, to Paranoth.’
      • ‘Luckily, we disembarked there for an afternoon for we had on board several Greek tourists, who also had booked passage for Philae.’
      • ‘An accomplished con man, Goddard not only gets the loan of the car, but talks his way into free boat passage to China and hits up fellow competitors for gasoline.’
      • ‘They reached Hong Kong, from where they booked passage to France.’
      • ‘Less desirable boats were offering passage for as little as fifty cents.’
      • ‘A place where goods were traded and travellers could buy passage, be it a ferry across the Potomac or transport on to another Sathe port by sea or land.’
      • ‘When the prophet Jonah hears an inner voice calling him to teach in the Assyrian city of Nineveh, he books immediate passage on a boat - going in the other direction.’
      • ‘He was a legend in his hometown for having worn out many pairs of straw sandals, as he walked hundreds of miles to the port of Yokohama, to book passage on a boat to North America.’
      • ‘He himself could not be present at the auction, having already booked passage for England, departing on April 4.’
      • ‘These generally include full-board accommodation and air passage or road transportation to the islands.’
      • ‘One young Pakistani man told the program he had paid Enniss $10,000 for passage in a boat that sank soon after leaving Indonesia.’
      • ‘She was so aware of the danger that she'd booked passage in a ship for Australia for herself and me in 1940, meaning to leave me with her family there and return to England.’
      • ‘John wanted to set about their adventure as expeditiously as possible and had booked passage on a postal aeroplane traveling to nearby Hog's Creek.’
      • ‘Delayed only by her trial, she finally booked passage aboard a tanker and sailed alone to Karachi, to join the rest of the family in exile.’
      • ‘Pop described how he escaped Mayo poverty, four years before the Easter Rising, by stowing away on a boat to England, where he planned to earn passage to America.’
      • ‘Benito finally admits that Vincenzo has booked passage on the train from Charlottesville to Philadelphia the following afternoon.’
      • ‘I could take on a crew and sail to Canada in my own boat instead of booking passage, or turn into a rover of the sea, going where I please and doing what I like.’
      • ‘We both shook our heads, turned right into St. Thomas and booked our own boat's passage to Fort Lauderdale.’
      • ‘Discounts and upgrades Instead of selling specific staterooms, cruise lines may offer a ‘guarantee’ of passage on a voyage.’
      • ‘I am wondering if you are in the travel business and how I can arrange passage on that boat.’
      voyage, crossing, trip, cruise, sail
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4Ornithology (of a migrating bird) the action of passing through a place en route to its final destination.
      ‘the species occurs regularly on passage’
      as modifier ‘a passage migrant’
      • ‘That section also covers breeding, winter, passage migration, or vagrant records for each species as applicable.’
      • ‘But it was as a coastal spring passage migrant that the most spectacular numbers were noted.’
      • ‘Poor upstream passage for migrating spawners is the major reason for the decline in diadromous stocks.’
      • ‘The Portavogie prawn trawler ‘Sonas’ had a lucky escape recently when she was struck by a coaster while on passage home to Portavogie.’
      • ‘For Veeries, Remsen's approach was to identify winter as the period when no known passage birds were collected from anywhere.’
      • ‘To most observers they are a spring and autumn passage migrant.’
      • ‘Similarly, identifying the correct winter range of birds in South America will allow better study of passage birds.’
      • ‘For many years, firecrests appeared here as spring and autumn passage migrants.’
      • ‘A small shore bird common, in fact often abundant, on passage and in winter, it breeds in the High Arctic.’
      • ‘These routes used by migratory birds for passage between wintering and breeding ranges are called flyways.’
      • ‘Purple sandpipers were not observed during the spring surveys, and those present in August were likely passage migrants from farther north.’
      • ‘Birds collected in May could have already been on the breeding grounds, so for May only birds collected during passage through Chicago were analyzed.’
      • ‘Continental birds also pass through on passage, particularly on the east coast.’
      • ‘Reform act a boost to migratory birds Bill's passage stops protection of harmful species’
      • ‘This development attracts passage migrant waders, nesting lapwing and redshank together with winter wildfowl.’
      • ‘Green, Wood and Common Sandpipers are regular on passage, as are Ospreys.’
      • ‘This is a good time of the year to observe passage migrants and returning winter visitors plus our resident wetland birds.’
      • ‘Norfolk birders know the hoopoe as a spring and autumn passage migrant, but only in small numbers.’
      • ‘These results support the possibility that migrants with extended stopovers utilize stopover sites differently than most passage migrants.’
      • ‘Redstarts visit us still with some regularity on their spring and autumn passage migrations, especially along the East Coast.’
  • 2A narrow way allowing access between buildings or to different rooms within a building; a passageway.

    ‘the larger bedroom was at the end of the passage’
    • ‘As one walks through the different rooms, passages and interstices of the gallery, there is a tremendous but transient concatenation of sound.’
    • ‘I moved forward, and chose the central passage as it was largest, and walked slowly down it, casting my light from side to side.’
    • ‘For the next ten minutes, the passage led only forwards, turning once in a while, but never branching off.’
    • ‘During daytime, the narrow passages, which accommodate provision stores, vegetable outlets and shops dealing in spices and condiments, are a beehive of activity.’
    • ‘We told her we were slaves that had been locked in the pantry passage for years and we were hungry.’
    • ‘Another short corridor brought them to a large common room, with several other narrow passages leading off from it.’
    • ‘Within the narrow passages candles were placed along the walls, dimly lighting up the blood red stone.’
    • ‘The house is old and creaky, stairs to half-floors leading from narrow rooms and confusing passages as if designed by M.C. Escher.’
    • ‘She moved to a larger room and we suddenly had no way to access that office, for there were no secret passages leading to that room.’
    • ‘She sighed and nodded, allowing him to lead her down the dark passage to her room.’
    • ‘What we now have are three- or four-storey structures with no open space, and with narrow passages and narrow stairs.’
    • ‘Lily took a few cautious steps forward through the passage of bookcases and strained her ears again.’
    • ‘They consisted of labyrinthine passages connecting layers of rooms built on and around a conical hill.’
    • ‘Her shoulder rammed into a pipe at the end, but she ignored it and sped down another passage, cutting herself in several places as she scraped past floating debris.’
    • ‘The other passages are so narrow only one person at a time can squeeze through.’
    • ‘Excavations revealed a massive timber gate about halfway along the passage allowing access to be controlled.’
    • ‘No one put their lives on the line for us, re-entering the building, climbing the stairs, wending their way through the passages to our meeting room.’
    • ‘Through an access passage in the rear of the Main Dining Room there's a small room called the Tai Pan Room.’
    • ‘Among the signs he placed about the place was one insisting: ‘Accumulations must not be allowed in passages or cupboards.’’
    • ‘They charged down the two lane wide passages between the buildings.’
    corridor, passageway, hall, hallway, entrance hall, entrance, walkway, aisle, gangway
    alley, alleyway, lane, path, pathway, way, footpath, track, trackway, road, thoroughfare
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 A duct, vessel, or other channel in the body.
      • ‘They work by opening up the bronchial tubes (air passages of the lungs) and increasing the flow of air through them.’
      • ‘Also, in some persons histamine can close up the bronchial tubes (air passages of the lungs) and make breathing difficult.’
      • ‘That is to say they contain a network of very small blood vessels or passages.’
      • ‘These foramina are the passages for the optic nerve (Cranial nerve II) and the eyestalk.’
      • ‘Like clogged blood vessels, passages become restricted and are plagued by flaking.’
      • ‘These potent chemicals dilate blood vessels and constrict bronchial air passages.’
      • ‘They stretch the skin that makes up that passage in the process and sometimes they tear it badly.’
      • ‘Oya Orisha predominates in the lungs, bronchial passages, and the mucous membranes.’
      • ‘The pharynx is the garbage dump of the bronchial tubes and nasal passages.’
      • ‘Asthma is due to an inflammatory process in the bronchial air passages of the lungs that causes narrowing of the airways and, if untreated, may result in gradual loss of lung function.’
      • ‘This is taken care of by the eustachian tube, a small passage that connects the middle ear to the back of the throat behind the nose.’
      • ‘The infection spreads from the nose or throat through the Eustachian tube, a passage between the throat and the middle ear.’
      • ‘A psychiatrist ran out and saw that he wasn't breathing, and pulled his jaw forward to free up the air passage.’
      • ‘It works in the body specifically to reduce any allergic inflammation of the nasal passages, the bronchial airways and the throat.’
      • ‘When we swallow, the soft palate closes off the nasal passages from the throat to prevent food from entering the nose.’
      • ‘We all have a small passage leading from the middle ear to the back of the nose called the eustachian tube, which equalizes the air pressure between the middle ear and the outside world.’
      • ‘The most posterior of these is the fenestra ovalis, while the anterior is the passage for cranial nerve VII.’
      • ‘‘In this form, the foetal passages, the foramen ovale, and the ductus arteriosus, remain open,’ he wrote.’
      • ‘A filter of Water energy woven into the nasal passages allowed the channler to catch the scents that different forms of life gave off.’
      • ‘In the skeletally immature patient, the placement of physeal and epiphyseal drill holes and the passage of tendon grafts through them raises biologic issues.’
  • 3mass noun The process of transition from one state to another.

    ‘an allegory on the theme of the passage from ignorance to knowledge’
    • ‘I can see the inexorable passage of time moving Baby to the inevitable Teenager II but whilst Baby is still at junior school I can make the most of an ally!’
    • ‘They probably represent dancing grounds on which were performed intricate dances representing the passage of the soul from life to death and back again.’
    • ‘The rate of temporal passage cannot be changed consciously by mortals, generally speaking.’
    • ‘Rites of passage denote an individual's transition from one existence to another.’
    • ‘Rite of passage conveying status change for males, from young boys to responsible men.’
    • ‘Historical thought redefines the present in terms of a reinterpreted and reconstructed past and thereby facilitates passage into the future.’
    transition, development, progress, progression, move, change, shift, conversion, metamorphosis
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    1. 3.1 The passing of a bill into law.
      ‘a catalyst for the unrest was the passage of a privatization law’
      • ‘As I outlined, United Future supports the second reading of the bill and its passage to the Committee stage.’
      • ‘It is about getting the structure around early childhood education policy right, and I look forward to its speedy passage through the House.’
      • ‘The bill is very good, and I look forward to its passage through Parliament.’
      • ‘We introduced this Bill and we have continued to press for its passage despite continued resistance and obstruction by the Opposition.’
      • ‘Without further ado, I want to say that this is a good bill, and I look forward to its speedy passage.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, despite passage of a federal election reform bill, another Florida remains a tragic risk for 2004.’
      • ‘It has the support of a number of the key stakeholders, and I look forward to its rapid passage through the House.’
      • ‘I look forward to its passage into law in the very near future.’
      • ‘In that case, the bill's passage to a second reading is inevitable.’
      • ‘So the parliamentary passage of the bill holds additional significance in that it may pave the way for the two allies of 50 years to mend their sour relations.’
      • ‘Kwok believes passage of the motion will send a strong message that society is concerned about the problem.’
      • ‘From the bill's passage to the second half of 1965, the Civil Rights Movement continued to press American society for changes.’
      • ‘We congratulate the Minister on taking the necessary steps to advance the development of this legislation, and we look forward to assisting its passage in whatever way we can.’
      • ‘In an effort to push forward early passage of the Financial Res-tructuring Fund bill, the Ministry of Finance has asked banks to exert pressure on the legislature.’
      • ‘Some civic organizations and academic circles asserted that the previous passage of the particular bills was null and void, as they were voted upon without the required quorum.’
      • ‘We are writing to ask you to support the Children's Food Bill in its passage through Parliament.’
      • ‘This bill is a good step in the Government's commitment towards greater energy efficiency and a sustainable energy future, and I look forward to its passage through the House.’
      • ‘This is considered the final hurdle for the bill's passage, as approval is considered certain in the Senate.’
      • ‘Despite passage in the House, a similar bill faces a hard fight in the Senate.’
      • ‘I look forward to its rapid passage through the House and to the constructive debate that will ensue.’
      enactment, passing, ratification, acceptance, approval, adoption, authorization, sanction, validation, legalization, endorsement
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  • 4A short extract from a book or other printed material.

    ‘he picked up the newspaper and read the passage again’
    • ‘On closer inspection, the Sixth Meditation passage does not put forward a naturalistic solution, but a theistic solution.’
    • ‘Different passages require different degrees and kinds of interpretive infrastructure.’
    • ‘Despite the eloquence of this passage, misunderstanding was not always averted.’
    • ‘The conclusion of Quinn's passage results in complete transformation.’
    • ‘The book is so dense and difficult that I find myself reading a short passage and rereading it (and sometimes going back over it again) to get a better idea of what he's saying.’
    • ‘Mystics explain this cryptic passage as an amazingly prescient script not only for the past but for the future as well.’
    • ‘In fact all the major theological themes of this passage are developed further by Luke in his two volumes: these verses are indeed programmatic.’
    • ‘The only odd thing about this passage is that it is written in the past tense.’
    • ‘May we choose to read a short passage at the end of the first paragraph on page 21.’
    • ‘In this passage, sewing and conversation are allied and inseparable, part of the alternative methodology of speech Walker is explicating.’
    • ‘The most sobering part of the book is a short passage where Guttenplan elaborates this country's history of anti-Semitism.’
    • ‘Now, may I just take your Honours to some short passages in the first book to make good, as it were, what I am saying in an evidentiary sense.’
    • ‘The didacticism of this passage demonstrates that the caprice of nature expresses the narrator's perspective and not the other way around.’
    • ‘That passage suggests a three-stage process, the outlining of the story, the summary of basic findings of fact and a statement as to why and how those findings of fact lead to the final decision.’
    • ‘Look, there are lots of narrative shifts in this book with short passages, and this gives a sense of dislocation too, for the reader; one voice and then another.’
    • ‘The passages are different ones in German and English because everybody understands English well enough’
    • ‘Also, notice that the metaphoric language Benjamin employs in this passage invokes travel and, indeed, traversal.’
    • ‘I'll read a short passage from my book Four Seasons in Five Senses, that talks about that connection we have with memory, the land and ultimately generation.’
    • ‘Mr Gallagher deals with the decision making process in the following passage in his Witness Statement: -’
    • ‘One of the images offered by this passage is that of the writer inherently connected to a past that is imprinted in a particular time and place.’
    extract, excerpt, quotation, quote, citation, cite, reading, section, piece, selection, part, snippet, fragment, portion
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    1. 4.1 A section of a piece of music.
      ‘an orchestral passage’
      • ‘The piece concludes with a passage from the Georgian hymn Upalo Ghmerto - lovely but also undocumented - and clanging bells.’
      • ‘Starting off with an elegant andante passage, Navas moved on to the crisp, unmannered race-car speed that he injects into his choreography so well.’
      • ‘The Così arias are stylish, and Mozart's showiest passages are delivered with clean agility and musicality.’
      • ‘Invent exercises from passages in your pieces, he would tell me.’
      • ‘Breth's tips help students learn principles of effective practice and learn when to apply principles to various passages in the pieces they are playing.’
      • ‘They become a small Baroque ensemble for recitative passages.’
      • ‘The B section is a virtual solo for secondo, with primo finishing the melodies with scale passages in octaves.’
      • ‘On top of this was a sweet singing voice that caught the lilting melodies and highlighted the complicated passages of the music.’
      • ‘Her favorites were the soulful climaxes of country-western ballads and the tutti passages of Mozart orchestral works.’
      • ‘For example, use the thumb to express tenor melodies or in passages requiring maximum power.’
      • ‘The ‘music’ includes some passages of surging choruses and fierce chanting, half to my taste, if deformed from the original.’
      • ‘The curtain fell as the orchestra played a transitional passage of music.’
      • ‘The second movement leads without pause to the finale by way of a very brief passage based on the opening theme to the entire concerto.’
      • ‘Several pieces have tricky rhythmic passages that will be fun for students to work out, as in ‘Linus and Lucy’ by Vince Guaraldi.’
      • ‘It involves calling on such resources as imagination, knowledge of style, and anticipation of what is likely to come next in a particular passage of music.’
      • ‘The horn duet in the first movement is one of the most beautiful passages of music ever written by anybody and Steinberg imbues it with a tenderness that is almost poignant.’
      • ‘This is especially noticeable in full orchestral and choral passages.’
      • ‘A few of the later selections present rapid octave passages and optional cadenzas that sound more difficult than they are.’
      • ‘Students can slow down the tempo or loop a particular section of music to practice difficult passages.’
      • ‘Here's a short drum passage and a time-reversed version of the same file, making the same point even more strikingly.’
    2. 4.2 An episode in a spell of longer activity such as a sporting event.
      ‘a neat passage of midfield play’
      • ‘After working hard all afternoon Keighley let the game slip from their grasp with two passages of poor defence.’
      • ‘In the next passage of play Clarke made ground from his own half.’
      • ‘Rangers' unease showed in an untidy passage of play which again incurred the wrath of the home support.’
      • ‘Then along came one of the most peculiar passages of play you'll see all season.’
      • ‘The morning's weather was just as bad as the previous day, and constant heavy showers meant that a mere 22 deliveries were sent down in a further three passages of play before an early lunch.’
      • ‘Heath enjoyed their best passage of play early in the second half.’
      • ‘The next was a great try set up from a solid Ilkley scrum which set up a superb passage of back play in which Hinchliffe was twice involved.’
      • ‘The scoring system has also changed in recent years to speed up the game and increase the number of exciting passages of play.’
      • ‘They did the spadework for the score in a good passage of support play, Wade arriving on cue to drive over and finish off the movement.’
      • ‘Another slick passage of handling, featuring backs and forwards, culminated in Smith sliding over in the corner for No7.’
      • ‘But once those two had fallen in the same over to Danish Kaneria's leg-spin, it kickstarted a dreadful passage of play for England.’
      • ‘Most of the good work was destructive rather than creative, with the inevitable limitations of both sides in terms of fitness and conditioning preventing any prolonged passages of play.’
      • ‘As the game ebbed and flowed there was little to choose between the sides, but York extended their lead just before half time when a good passage of play involving backs and forwards brought a second try for the speedy Kama.’
      • ‘In an ensuing passage of play Rooney loses a boot.’
      • ‘A soccer match turns on the outcome of half a dozen passages of play.’
      • ‘It was just the tonic the visitors needed and soon afterwards the second row forward finished of a fine passage of play involving forwards and backs with the second try, this time converted by Cooke.’
      • ‘He responded with their best passage of play.’
      • ‘During this period the Welsh put in some big passages of play, yet the Boks remained composed and unflappable and limited the Six Nations champions to just one try.’
      • ‘There followed a passage of play in the Otley half resulting in a missed penalty attempt, closely followed by a successful three points when the full-back was tackled late on a follow up.’
      • ‘Not that the Blues are invincible, for there can also be passages of play that show them in a much less flattering light.’
  • 5Biology Medicine
    mass noun The propagation of microorganisms or cells in a series of host organisms or culture media, so as to maintain them or modify their virulence.

    ‘cultured cells can replicate on serial passage for predictable periods of time’
    • ‘In practice, batches are prepared by taking a small quantity of the vaccine pool (or a batch made from that pool), and amplifying it by a final passage in monkey kidney tissue culture.’
    • ‘The Stem Cell Registry will eventually contain useful details about the derivation of the cells, the number of passages, culture conditions, and so forth.’
    • ‘Numerous mutations may be added in the passage of the tumor cells.’
    • ‘It was found that, while BA accelerates the passage of cells from G 1 to G 2, ABA delays cell cycle events so that most cells seem to remain in G 1.’
    • ‘Cells of the eighth passages of culture were used.’
    • ‘A humidifier can provide relief from the effects of dry winter air and soothe irritated nasal and respiratory passages.’
    • ‘These electrons will oscillate in unison with the incoming light wave and can affect or modify the passage of light through matter in several ways.’
    • ‘The fifth passage of cells was used for the migration assay.’
    • ‘Both fungi were maintained by serial passages in Bacto-dextrose-agar medium.’
    • ‘All passage 2 cells became confluent within 7-10 days, at which point an ALI was established.’
    • ‘For all experiments, cells were used between passages 9 and 15.’
    • ‘Fourth, after some 30 passages, cells cultured at 33°C stopped proliferating, suggesting a senescent state.’
    • ‘The cells in the two unstained wells of each specimen were processed for a second blind passage of culture on fresh McCoy cell monolayers.’
    • ‘TJ2 was cultured by serial passage for up to a few months before returning to the original frozen culture.’
    • ‘This is relevant in understanding the species barrier effect in which there is a reduction of incubation times with multiple passages in interspecies infection.’
    • ‘Serial passages were carried out in six-well tissue culture plates containing confluent cell monolayers covered by 4 ml of liquid media.’
    • ‘In some other cases, sequences were verified after a series of passages on a host.’
    • ‘Chemical mutagens or serial passages were employed earlier to decrease susceptibility to penicillin in BHS group A strains.’
    • ‘The fibroblasts were used between culture passages 3 and 6.’
    • ‘These cells were used after up to three months of in vitro culture, representing 10 to 15 culture passages.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
Pronunciation /paˈsɑːʒ//ˈpasɪdʒ/
Biology Medicine
  • Subject (a strain of microorganisms or cells) to a passage.

    ‘each recombinant virus was passaged nine times successively’
    • ‘Cells were passaged to 50% confluence 24 h before transfection.’
    • ‘The strain was passaged in mice, subcultured in Middlebrook 7H9 broth (Fisher, Pittsburgh, PA), and used for aerosol infection when the optical density at 600 nm was 0.9.’
    • ‘Cells were passaged twice weekly using a standard trypsinization / EDTA protocol.’
    • ‘The virus was serially passaged nine times in 7 days old mice and purified from the intestinal homogenate of infected pups 7.’
    • ‘Cells were passaged in DMEM with 10% FCS and antibiotics as above.’
    • ‘One day before experiments, cells were passaged 1: 4 into 35-mm circular dishes containing 22-mm circular coverslips.’
    • ‘Cells were passaged 1: 20 and incubated at 33°C in 10% fetal bovine serum / Dulbecco's minimum essential medium.’
    • ‘All of the strains were passaged for >30 generations before genomic DNA was isolated; additional passages of 60 generations showed no differences in telomere lengths from those illustrated in Fig 4B (data not shown).’
    • ‘Cultures not showing CPE were passaged twice before being considered as negative for viral isolation, while monolayer tubes showing CPE were passaged once to confirm virus specific CPE and to concentrate the virus.’
    • ‘To test this we cloned 12 colonies from cells that had been passaged on agar plates for 8 days.’
    • ‘Once grown to confluency, the cells were passaged twice in the ratio of 1: 6 to obtain pure fibroblast cultures.’
    • ‘In addition, influenza viruses are usually passaged in embryonated chicken eggs before isolation.’
    • ‘The cells were passaged by trypsinization with 0.05% trypsin-EDTA and used for experiments at passages 3-6.’
    • ‘Cells were passaged into six-well plates and incubated at either 33°C or 39°C. Cell number was assessed 2, 4, 6, and 8 days after subculture by hemacytometer.’
    • ‘These cells had been passaged through 14 passages and were grown to confluence in 35 mm culture dishes.’
    • ‘All cells were passaged at subconfluence and maintained in a 5% CO2 environment.’
    • ‘The MA lines and the marker strain were passaged together for 69 passages and then checked for contamination.’
    • ‘Two days after transfection had been initiated, cells were passaged onto coverslips.’
    • ‘Deletions of gene 1.3 were introduced into the preadapted virus, and the recombinant virus was then passaged to allow fitness recovery.’
    • ‘To test whether either mutant underwent delayed telomere elongation, the mutant strains were extensively passaged by serial colony streaking and telomere lengths were monitored periodically.’

Phrases

  • passage of (or at) arms

    • archaic A fight or dispute.

      • ‘We had applied to lead fresh evidence and that then led to a passage at arms about the appeal strictu sensu, Duralla's Case and the like.’
      • ‘If your Honours would go to page 83, you will the see the passage - I am not saying it is a passage of arms; that is putting it too highly’
      • ‘Already 2-0 down in the series after consecutive top-order batting collapses, this passage of arms - after a difficult summer for both the players and the board - could not have come at a worse possible time.’
      • ‘Well, we say that's the end of the case, and that's what Mr Stitt conceded in the passage of arms between you…’
      • ‘Wherefore, though his hair be grizzled and his face marked with serried lines, he departed not the passage of arms for straight love of tourneying.’
      • ‘What do we make of all this passage at arms in the trial, Mr Walker?’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, based on Latin passus ‘pace’.

Pronunciation

passage

Noun/ˈpasɪdʒ/

passage

Verb/paˈsɑːʒ//ˈpasɪdʒ/

Main definitions of passage in English

: passage1passage2

passage2

noun

  • A movement performed in advanced dressage and classical riding, in which the horse executes a slow elevated trot, giving the impression of dancing.

Origin

Early 18th century: from French, from an alteration of Italian passeggiare ‘to walk, pace’, based on Latin passus ‘pace’.

Pronunciation

passage

/paˈsɑːʒ/