Definition of Pashtun in English:

Pashtun

(also Pakhtun)

noun

  • A member of a Pashto-speaking people inhabiting southern Afghanistan and NW Pakistan.

    Also called Pathan
    • ‘Generally, the Pashtun of Afghanistan do not have very high living standards.’
    • ‘The two most important groups are the ethnic Tajiks and the Pashtuns.’
    • ‘Although Afghanistan is often described as a simple ethnic division, with Tajiks and Uzbeks in the north and Pashtuns in the south and east, this is an oversimplification.’
    • ‘For almost all of Afghanistan's recent political history a Pashtun has ruled the nation from Kabul.’
    • ‘In southwest Afghanistan, home to the Pashtuns, the country's largest ethnic group, the decision is made by the tribe.’
    • ‘Afghanistan's interim cabinet is made up of 11 Pashtuns, eight Tajiks, five Hazaras, three Uzbeks and three people from other ethnic groups.’
    • ‘Fed two meals a day in the communal cell, most are Afghan Pashtuns, but some are Pakistani and at least one is a Saudi Arabian.’
    • ‘Though the Pashtuns comprise the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, with estimates ranging from 40 to 60%, they don't have their own delegation here.’
    • ‘The border is known as the Durand Line, named after a British colonial officer who drew the lines during British rule, dividing the Pashtuns in Afghanistan from those in Pakistan.’
    • ‘The raid provoked an angry response from local tribesmen who have close links with ethnic Pashtuns in the south and east of Afghanistan.’
    • ‘The movement has also grown in popularity because its members are Pashtuns, the same ethnic background as 35 per cent of the Afghan people.’
    • ‘It would be unacceptable to Pakistan, the Pashtuns and many other Afghans.’
    • ‘The officer corps before 1963 was not all-inclusive, however, and was dominated by Pashtuns and Tajiks.’
    • ‘Pakistan must pin its hopes on the Pashtuns, though their loyalties are uncertain.’
    • ‘Durrani's first success was to unite his own tribes - the Pashtuns (or Pathans as Rudyard Kipling called them) who lived in the south and east of what was to become his empire.’
    • ‘In the northwest, Pashtun (also called Pakhtun or Pathan) are the main group.’
    • ‘The talks have continued anyway, but the remaining Pashtun delegates are exiles and don't represent Pashtuns within Afghanistan.’
    • ‘This does not sit well with the country's Pashtuns, who make up 40 percent of the Afghan population.’
    • ‘Some Afghans, particularly ethnic Pashtuns from the country's south, are unambiguously nostalgic.’
    • ‘The word ‘Afghan’ historically has been used to designate the members of an ethnic group also called the Pashtuns, but Afghanistan is multicultural and multiethnic.’

Origin

From Pashto paštūn.

Pronunciation

Pashtun

/pəʃˈtuːn/