Definition of Pashtun in English:


(also Pakhtun)


  • A member of a Pashto-speaking people inhabiting southern Afghanistan and NW Pakistan.

    Also called Pathan
    • ‘Afghanistan's interim cabinet is made up of 11 Pashtuns, eight Tajiks, five Hazaras, three Uzbeks and three people from other ethnic groups.’
    • ‘The raid provoked an angry response from local tribesmen who have close links with ethnic Pashtuns in the south and east of Afghanistan.’
    • ‘Although Afghanistan is often described as a simple ethnic division, with Tajiks and Uzbeks in the north and Pashtuns in the south and east, this is an oversimplification.’
    • ‘In the northwest, Pashtun (also called Pakhtun or Pathan) are the main group.’
    • ‘This does not sit well with the country's Pashtuns, who make up 40 percent of the Afghan population.’
    • ‘The two most important groups are the ethnic Tajiks and the Pashtuns.’
    • ‘The border is known as the Durand Line, named after a British colonial officer who drew the lines during British rule, dividing the Pashtuns in Afghanistan from those in Pakistan.’
    • ‘It would be unacceptable to Pakistan, the Pashtuns and many other Afghans.’
    • ‘The word ‘Afghan’ historically has been used to designate the members of an ethnic group also called the Pashtuns, but Afghanistan is multicultural and multiethnic.’
    • ‘Though the Pashtuns comprise the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, with estimates ranging from 40 to 60%, they don't have their own delegation here.’
    • ‘In southwest Afghanistan, home to the Pashtuns, the country's largest ethnic group, the decision is made by the tribe.’
    • ‘The movement has also grown in popularity because its members are Pashtuns, the same ethnic background as 35 per cent of the Afghan people.’
    • ‘The officer corps before 1963 was not all-inclusive, however, and was dominated by Pashtuns and Tajiks.’
    • ‘Durrani's first success was to unite his own tribes - the Pashtuns (or Pathans as Rudyard Kipling called them) who lived in the south and east of what was to become his empire.’
    • ‘Some Afghans, particularly ethnic Pashtuns from the country's south, are unambiguously nostalgic.’
    • ‘For almost all of Afghanistan's recent political history a Pashtun has ruled the nation from Kabul.’
    • ‘The talks have continued anyway, but the remaining Pashtun delegates are exiles and don't represent Pashtuns within Afghanistan.’
    • ‘Generally, the Pashtun of Afghanistan do not have very high living standards.’
    • ‘Fed two meals a day in the communal cell, most are Afghan Pashtuns, but some are Pakistani and at least one is a Saudi Arabian.’
    • ‘Pakistan must pin its hopes on the Pashtuns, though their loyalties are uncertain.’


From Pashto paštūn.