One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
nounIrish English, English Regional, Scottish, Northern
1A crab, especially the edible crab, Cancer pagurus.
2The common shore crab, Carcinus maenas. rare.
Late Middle English; earliest use found in Ayr Burgh Accounts. From Scottish Gaelic partan; further etymology uncertain; perhaps related to Early Irish partaing the colour red, red object (Irish † partaing; probably from post-classical Latin Parthica (in Parthica pellis red Parthian leather or fleece from classical Latin Parthica, feminine of Parthicus Parthian + pellis)).
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