Definition of parotid in English:



  • Relating to, situated near, or affecting a parotid gland.

    ‘the parotid duct’
    • ‘A useful guide to whether a patient has parotid enlargement is to look for outward deflection of the ear lobe, which is seen in true parotid swelling.’
    • ‘Plain radiograph films may show air in the soft tissue and may even outline the course of the parotid duct.’
    • ‘The patient should be examined for evidence of other causes of lower facial weakness such as intracranial or parotid lesions or Lyme disease.’
    • ‘The right parotid duct is grazed in this cut.’
    • ‘The results of the fitting procedure indicated that, in both pancreatic and parotid cells, the apical regions had higher receptor densities than the basal regions, a result consistent with experimental data.’


  • short for parotid gland
    • ‘Bilateral slow-growing enlargement of the parotids is a classic, but not common, finding in sarcoidosis.’
    • ‘The major salivary glands are the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual.’
    • ‘The residual mass and pain in the parotid promptly resolved, and after 4 cycles of therapy, the liver lesions were no longer visible on computed tomographic scan.’
    • ‘The parotids were firm, nontender, and enlarged, especially the left side obscuring the mandibular angle.’
    • ‘In rare cases, mumps will attack other groups of salivary glands instead of the parotids.’


Late 17th century: via Latin from Greek parōtis, parōtid-, from para- ‘beside’ + ous, ōt- ‘ear’.