1Given or expressed orally.‘the parol evidence’
- ‘I do not see how the parol evidence rule can exclude prior contracts, as distinct from mere negotiations.’
- ‘If the language of a written contract is clear and unambiguous, no extrinsic parol evidence may be admitted to alter, vary, or interpret the words of the written contract.’
- ‘Counsel for CPC objected that these notes offend the parol evidence rule and, thus, are inadmissible.’
- ‘Alternatively, the court might construe the statements regarding the aeroplane's history as a collateral contract, thereby avoiding the parol evidence rule.’
- ‘One argument is that the parties intend to reduce their oral contract to written form, and that consequently the parol evidence rule excludes evidence to show the inconsistency.’
- 1.1 (of a document) agreed orally, or in writing but not under seal.‘there was a parol agreement’
- ‘The old rule expressed in Elliott v Johnson LR 2 QB 120 was that covenants did not run on the assignment of a parol lease: the principles in Spencer's Case applied only to legal leases made by deed.’
By oral declaration.
- ‘A contract required by law to be made in or evidenced by writing can only be varied by writing, although as we have seen, it can be rescinded by parol.’
Late 15th century (as a noun): from Old French parole ‘word’ (see parole).
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.