Definition of parhelion in English:

parhelion

noun

  • A bright spot in the sky appearing on either side of the sun, formed by refraction of sunlight through ice crystals high in the atmosphere.

    Also called mock sun, sun dog
    • ‘By the riverside he seized on a sign: three suns in the sky (a rare astrological phenomenon known as a parhelion) to inspire in his troops and himself a moment of intense self-belief.’
    • ‘Haloes may be accompanied by a whole array of circumzenithal arcs and parhelion (mock suns).’

Origin

Mid 17th century: from Latin parelion, from Greek para- beside + hēlios sun.

Pronunciation

parhelion

/pɑːˈhiːlɪən/