Definition of parasitize in English:

parasitize

(also parasitise)

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Infest or exploit (an organism or part) as a parasite.

    ‘these small worms parasitize the alimentary tract of animals and birds’
    ‘dodder parasitizes other plants for its nutrients and water’
    • ‘One nest was parasitized after incubation had begun, and the cowbird egg in another nest did not hatch.’
    • ‘Entamoeba are unicellular eukaryotes that frequently parasitize vertebrate species including human.’
    • ‘Some species will parasitize other organisms, such as zooplankton and other protists, filamentous algae, or fish.’
    • ‘It occurs when one plant indirectly parasitizes a second plant through an EM fungus connected to both.’
    • ‘Interspecific brood parasitism is the most common; hence, when brood parasites stop parasitizing a host, selection for rejection usually stops.’
    • ‘Cowbirds inhabit most parts of North America, and they have been reported to parasitize many different species in almost any type of habitat.’
    • ‘The Yellow Warbler and the Song Sparrow are the two most often parasitized species in the United States.’
    • ‘This means that the unisexual females are actually parasitizing bisexual males of these other species.’
    • ‘The order Strepsiptera are obligate endoparasitic insects that are known to parasitize seven insect orders, including solitary and social Hymenoptera.’
    • ‘There, the worms continued to parasitize their hosts, and an isolated group evolved to become T. asiatica.’
    • ‘Those that parasitize agricultural insect pests may be beneficial.’
    • ‘However, we did not record egg puncture at mockingbird nests at either study site, which suggests also that this species was not parasitized.’
    • ‘Bacteria that parasitize other organisms must first break down some of their host's tissues before setting up shop.’
    • ‘A study has revealed that a small warbler [from the Indian Himalayas] is now so good at discriminating eggs on the basis of size that cuckoos no longer parasitize the species.’
    • ‘The females just clone themselves, and the males replace all the female genetic material and essentially parasitise the females as reproductive incubators of their own genes.’
    • ‘Al concentrations in leaves of mistletoes parasitizing plants from the cerrado belt of Brazil depend on the nature of the host species.’
    • ‘Fitness costs vary greatly among host species in part because cowbirds parasitize host species at widely divergent frequencies, even among hosts breeding in the same habitat.’
    • ‘Today there is a variety of extant species that parasitize birds, reptiles, and rodents, as well as human and nonhuman primates.’
    • ‘Bacteria in this group lack cell walls and cannot survive outside the cells of the organisms they parasitize.’
    • ‘However, in great spotted cuckoos thick-shelled eggs have not evolved for the same reason because this species parasitizes large birds that do not need to puncture the parasitic egg because they can easily grasp it.’

Pronunciation

parasitize

/ˈparəsʌɪtʌɪz//ˈparəsɪtʌɪz/