Definition of paralyse in English:

paralyse

(US paralyze)

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Cause (a person or part of the body) to become partly or wholly incapable of movement.

    ‘Mrs Burrows had been paralysed by a stroke’
    • ‘Kim previously worked as a taxi driver until 2001 when he was partially paralysed by a stroke.’
    • ‘It has partly paralyzed the right side of her body.’
    • ‘But, together, the anesthetic paralyzes the body and lets the poison reek havoc.’
    • ‘When they put me in the an air tight cell, they put this device on my head that paralyzed my body.’
    • ‘A stroke may have paralysed her body but Kate Thomas's mind is still ticking.’
    immobilized, incapacitated, powerless
    paraplegic, quadriplegic, tetraplegic, monoplegic, hemiplegic, paretic, paraparetic
    palsied
    disable, immobilize, make powerless, render powerless, incapacitate, debilitate, numb, deaden, benumb, dull
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Make (someone) unable to think or act normally, especially through panic or fear.
      ‘some people are paralysed by the thought of failure’
      ‘her paralysing shyness’
      • ‘Dripping with potential but too young to realize the extent of possibilities that lie before us, life can easily seem overwhelming, paralyzing us with fear.’
      • ‘When it arrives I am so paralyzed with fear, I can't get on.’
      • ‘People are almost paralysed by fear and a sense of impotence.’
      • ‘Much to my horror, I once again felt the life blood draining out of me, paralyzing me with fear.’
      • ‘I was paralyzed with fear the whole time, unable to move a muscle even if there had been anything I could have done.’
    2. 1.2Stop (a system, place, or organization) from operating by causing disruption.
      ‘the regional capital was paralysed by a general strike’
      • ‘Stranded motorists were rescued from their vehicles by the emergency services after snowdrifts up to 20 ft deep paralysed areas of the Scottish Highlands.’
      • ‘Corruption is very critical not just because it is economically critical and paralyzing our legal system, but it too has been gnawing at our ability to develop a sense of solidarity.’
      • ‘Jakarta turned into a giant battle field when riots paralyzed the capital city.’
      • ‘The protests in Spain have paralysed major highways, ports and fuel depots as thousands of fishermen and farmers blocked roads, ports and fuel distribution centres.’
      • ‘Massive protests outside Westminster paralysed the capital's roads for more than 12 hours on Thursday.’

Origin

Early 19th century: from French paralyser, from paralysie paralysis.

Pronunciation:

paralyse

/ˈparəlʌɪz/