Definition of paradigm in English:

paradigm

noun

  • 1A typical example or pattern of something; a pattern or model.

    ‘society's paradigm of the ‘ideal woman’’
    • ‘At the same time, in the context of post-Communist reforms these two paradigms became compatible and mutually complementing as two parts of a single transition design.’
    • ‘He says a creative leap is a new pattern, a new paradigm, a new way of organizing information and energy that has nothing to do with the previous pattern.’
    • ‘Respondents' ratings were viewed as a reflection of the degree to which their colleges of agriculture had shifted from a teaching paradigm to a learning paradigm.’
    • ‘Meaning smashing old patterns so a new paradigm can arise’
    • ‘Religions need to be rescued from their present framework of conflictual relationship and relocated in a paradigm of mutual cooperation.’
    • ‘There is a need to distinguish two paradigms of’ culture’ in applied linguistics.’
    • ‘This requires a new paradigm regarding the role of schools.’
    • ‘This present campaign is a paradigm of Washington's pattern of accusing others of doing what Washington is planning to do or has already done.’
    • ‘Maverick groups which imitate and model the dominant paradigm may be more likely to survive than those that do not.’
    • ‘The technological paradigm stresses the role of technology and, more widely, of innovation within the current changes taking place in the economic system.’
    • ‘Of course in Britain we've made the choice to live within the paradigm of consumerism.’
    • ‘Wave Three began in the 1980s, as Baby Boomers began to come of age, seeking meaning and purpose in their work, challenging old paradigms, and transforming society.’
    • ‘People have their own paradigms and certain paradigms deal with gods and powers in different ways.’
    • ‘The National Screening Committee has recommended a paradigm of informed choice for participants in all screening programmes.’
    • ‘Anzaldua targets paradigms representing culturally determined roles imposed on individuals and peoples from the outside.’
    • ‘Don't get me wrong I can understand having certain rules, methodologies, standards etc, I just don't think these paradigms are a good example.’
    • ‘A paradigm of a scientific revolution in Kuhn's sense would be the Copernican revolution.’
    • ‘And yet he always takes art as the paradigm of human activity.’
    • ‘Let me give you an example of why this paradigm about ‘good’ versus ‘bad’ religion is often misleading.’
    • ‘One person can share a paradigm with the rest of society, and shift between different paradigms during their lifetime.’
    specimen, sample, exemplar, exemplification, instance, case, representative case, typical case, case in point, illustration
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A world view underlying the theories and methodology of a particular scientific subject.
      ‘the discovery of universal gravitation became the paradigm of successful science’
      • ‘Deism reflected the scientific paradigm of the times in which the world inexorably and thoroughly followed strict mathematical laws of nature.’
      • ‘Such research may benefit from application of theory and experimental paradigms that have been developed within the areas of mate choice and sexual selection.’
      • ‘Serious consideration of this plan will require a searching exploration, arguably overdue, of the practical implications of alternative paradigms in the theory of economic growth.’
      • ‘The author makes clear that she isn't interested in defending this list as a six-part paradigm of democratic political theory.’
      • ‘In fact, the whole paleosol methodology assumes the uniformitarian paradigm and is geared to interpret paleosols throughout the stratigraphic record.’
      • ‘Leg blood flow for a given work rate was elevated in the patients with COPD compared with the control subjects during both exercise paradigms.’
      • ‘It has been argued that the traditional view of the Earth as a nurturing mother was replaced, after the Renaissance, by the scientific, atomistic and reductionist paradigms.’
      • ‘The inquiry itself embodied a pivotal shift in scientific paradigms of disease causation from miasmatic or filth-based models to the germ theory.’
      • ‘Each living language has implicit in it something analogous to a scientific paradigm, the system of thinking and memory that supports a way of life.’
      • ‘It was also contrary to the neoclassical paradigm with its methodology of equilibrium.’
      • ‘This clash between scientific ideas and paradigms we label science politics.’
      • ‘Shrinking electronic or mechanical systems further, he says, will inevitably require new paradigms involving quantum theory.’
      • ‘According to the neoclassical paradigm of economic theory, production conditions are basically the same everywhere.’
      • ‘They are more than theories; they are paradigms or conceptual frameworks that define a field of study, limit our conception of reality, and define an agenda for research and policy-making.’
      • ‘A contrasting example would be the bending of all scientific research paradigms, but especially those dealing with human psychology, around a Marxist-Leninist agenda, in Soviet Russia.’
      • ‘In the first three chapters, Aldrich introduces his evolutionary framework and describes how it relates to the major paradigms in organizational theory.’
      • ‘In the vast majority of experimental paradigms, the subject knows what the task is before a stimulus appears.’
      • ‘The ID folks are constantly telling us that evolution is failing as a scientific paradigm, and that scientists are jumping ship in droves.’
      • ‘Indian psychology doesn't require verification in the modern Western research methodology paradigms.’
      • ‘In a sense, Scuglia holds that we have to choose between subcultural textual theory and the prematerialist paradigm of discourse.’
  • 2Linguistics
    A set of linguistic items that form mutually exclusive choices in particular syntactic roles.

    ‘English determiners form a paradigm: we can say ‘a book’ or ‘his book’ but not ‘a his book’’
    Often contrasted with syntagm
    • ‘In linguistics, a paradigm is a set of systematically alternating items. A paradigm is complementary to a syntagm, which is a set of items used in systematic combination.’
  • 3(in the traditional grammar of Latin, Greek, and other inflected languages) a table of all the inflected forms of a particular verb, noun, or adjective, serving as a model for other words of the same conjugation or declension.

    • ‘Reformers rejected the teaching of modern languages through grammatical paradigms, specimen sentences, and word lists.’
    • ‘This has forced Jaeggli and Safir to weaken their hypothesis to a one-way implication: if null subjects are allowed in a language, the paradigms in that language must be morphologically uniform.’
    • ‘Chinese has no case distinctions or gender distinctions in the inflectional paradigm of its third person singular pronoun.’
    • ‘But derivatives of ferre come from three different words and the paradigm is highly irregular: fero, ferre, tuli, latum.’
    • ‘And of course to do that, you do in fact need to learn all those paradigms of verbs and nouns, the amo, amas, amat stuff.’

Origin

Late 15th century: via late Latin from Greek paradeigma, from paradeiknunai ‘show side by side’, from para- ‘beside’ + deiknunai ‘to show’.

Pronunciation

paradigm

/ˈparədʌɪm/