One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1An extensive or impressive collection.‘a deliciously inventive panoply of insults’
array, range, collectionView synonyms
- ‘Kota Kinabalu has a panoply of starred and budget hotels ranging from the ultra luxurious to non-star accommodation.’
- ‘The proclaimed Jewish nature of the state is reinforced by a panoply of laws ranging from a ban on mixed marriages to over 90 per cent of the land and property in Israel being reserved for Jews.’
- ‘Each book that appears about her panoply of lovers serves to contrast with the fact that, although of course it was not his wife, he was only ever in love with one woman.’
- ‘The resulting panoply of data has become the basis of an ambitious commercial service that IBM recently launched called WebFountain.’
- ‘No one who engages the new panoply of associations and parties can fail to recognize the democratic pulse and possibilities.’
- 1.1 A splendid display.‘I leaned forward to take in the full panoply of tourist London’
trappings, regalia, apparatusView synonyms
- ‘Alongside, on a watch face, time has stood still; beneath it, in a panoply of colour, things begin to disintegrate into abstraction.’
- ‘The smiths, resplendent in the full panoply of Tuareg costume, had organised a dance in a dusty street that backed onto the hotel kitchen.’
- ‘The truth is that she belonged to an almost unimaginable past, one that has gone for ever; it is also a country inhabited by those who wanted the full panoply of Victorian mourning for the grandmother they never knew.’
- ‘Most of us are not over-awed (as many of our parents' generation were - and, it must be said, some people still are) by the panoply of pomp that goes with formal royal occasions.’
- ‘The entire panoply of human emotion was manifested in those 120 minutes.’
- 1.2historical, literary A complete suit of armour.
protective covering, armour plateView synonyms
- ‘In most parts of Greece, the main armed force consisted of hoplites, heavy infantry, each armed with a single thrusting spear and sword, and protected by a panoply of bronze armour.’
- ‘As a weak or crippled body derives no advantage from a panoply of armour, which it will rather discard as being unable to bear it, so, in the same manner, a vigorous body causes affliction to a diseased soul by not being in conformity with its existing circumstances.’
Late 16th century (in the sense ‘complete protection for spiritual warfare’, often with biblical allusion to Eph. 6:11, 13): from French panoplie or modern Latin panoplia ‘full armour’, from Greek, from pan ‘all’ + hopla ‘arms’.
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