Definition of panel in English:



  • 1A flat or curved component, typically rectangular, that forms or is set into the surface of a door, wall, or ceiling.

    ‘a layer of insulating material should be placed between the panels and the wall’
    • ‘The scene inside the ship was one of disarray - floor, wall and ceiling panels were loose all over the ship, exposing circuitry and metres of cable spilling out into the corridors.’
    • ‘The light coming from rectangular panels set along the ceiling and walls was bright and even, with none of the flickering or smoking so characteristic of oil or wood.’
    • ‘Painting was done on manuscripts, walls, wood panels, glass, and tiles.’
    • ‘Insulated panels, insulation boards and environmental and pollution controls products all had a good year.’
    • ‘The last thing I remember before falling asleep was watching lightning bolts through the high glass panels of the front wall.’
    • ‘Opaque elevations are clad in a rainscreen wall of green glass panels, each fixed with point fittings, to create a series of precise grids.’
    • ‘Innovative frosted glass panels cut into the wall of the window-free bathroom mean that the room not only has a funky edge, but also benefits from natural light.’
    • ‘On the lowest floor, a series of sliding wall panels and pocketed opaque glass doors allow for maximum flexibility.’
    • ‘And the cypress wood was part of the door where the three equally-sized rectangular panels and four-pane glass window were present in it.’
    • ‘The property has ‘his and her’ offices, spaces divided by angular walls and glass panels.’
    • ‘The company manufactures and installs wall panels, canopies, glass skylights, and walkways.’
    • ‘A glass wall with sliding panels and a veranda overlook the adjacent lake.’
    • ‘She recently replaced the ceiling and the walls with glass panels.’
    • ‘Top-quality logs are sliced into veneer, which then is glued to wall panels, doors, furniture, and cabinets.’
    • ‘More than 470 glass wall and door panels, some curved, will divide and connect spaces in a new and unique way.’
    • ‘This same material is now used in the production of seat cushions and panels for doors, walls, floors, and ceilings.’
    • ‘A set of turntables was broken, electrical wiring ripped out and wood panels removed from the walls.’
    • ‘Then I shot through the glass panels of a French door.’
    • ‘White tiles, white ceiling panels and white walls seemed to be the only thing that the architect had had in mind when designing the interior of the compound.’
    • ‘Vertical bands of frosted glass panels set into a wall of cabinets emphasize the room's newfound height.’
    sheet, layer, lamina, leaf, pane, slab
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    1. 1.1A thin piece of metal forming part of the outer shell of a vehicle.
      ‘body panels for the car trade’
      • ‘The black lower body panels and roofline disguise the high beltline and make the car look shorter and sleeker than it really is.’
      • ‘This vehicle features an extruded aluminum space frame and thermoplastic body panels.’
      • ‘Pearlescent systems configured for molded-in color will help automakers extend the use of plastics from small parts and bumpers to body panels.’
      • ‘And, arguably, plastics is the choice for body panels on specialty vehicles.’
      • ‘The ferocious weather inflicted severe damage to body panels and windscreens.’
      • ‘At the same time, it shares no body panels with the bigger car.’
      • ‘Nowadays, a vehicle body may use panels made of steel, aluminum and plastic composite all on the same platform.’
      • ‘They are followed in quick succession by the center-bearing driveshaft, exhaust system and underbody panels.’
      • ‘In terms of the body sheet metal, the panel gaps are kept to 3 mm, which is certainly the sort of thing that one wouldn't expect of a car at this price point.’
      • ‘Low carbon steel is mainly used in stiffness dominant upper structure parts and also close out panels in the underbody.’
      • ‘Mounted on the aluminum chassis is a steel framework upon which fiberglass body panels are fitted.’
      • ‘Researchers are not optimistic about adopting aluminum body panels for mainstream cars.’
      • ‘Other aluminum panels on the body shell are the roof, hood, and front fenders.’
      • ‘From the front bumper to the A-pillar, practically the whole car, including the body panels, is aluminum.’
      • ‘The material, which is used to make everything from boat hulls to bathtubs, is a perfect application for automotive outer panels, he says.’
      • ‘It featured an aluminum monocoque with plastic body panels, possibly attached with adhesives.’
      • ‘The front-end amounts to an aluminum space-frame, with all panels from the windshield pillars forward composed of aluminum.’
      • ‘He cites a project in India that needed to cost-effectively mold interior panels for an upcoming vehicle program.’
      • ‘The inner and outer hood panels formed in-house are allegedly the auto industry's largest aluminum stampings.’
      • ‘As shown in Figure 12 the tyre would hit the side of the barrier first and then the bumper and body panels of the front left end would contact the upper part of the barrier.’
    2. 1.2A piece of material forming part of a garment.
      ‘the dress has a panel of lace over the bodice’
      • ‘Glimpses of stretch ruching feature in panels on dresses, particularly waistlines.’
      • ‘What lady does not relish the plush touch of ermine on her cheek, the airy intricacies of a panel of lace, or the cloud-like embrace of a velveteen settee?’
      • ‘The nylon mesh side and back panels match, naturally, as do the sewn eyelets, and it features a classic trucker style plastic strap closure.’
      • ‘Sweater panels come in varying widths and lengths so plan carefully when buying and cutting.’
      • ‘The side panels are one piece for easy movement.’
      • ‘Even the string bikini is striking with its stitched and pleated color-block panels.’
      • ‘Some unusual stitching down the front panels makes this shirt difficult to iron, so it tends to get forgotten about as it slowly sinks down the ironing pile.’
      • ‘Modesty panels of chiffon, where none might have existed before were seen on bodice fronts.’
      • ‘It was made of the whitest silky material, with panels of lace on the bodice and right round the full skirt.’
      • ‘Caps are 12.5 oz. wool blend and have buckram-backed front panels, pre-curved visors, and grey undervisors.’
      • ‘Bias-cut panels and an allover pattern camouflage the middle.’
      • ‘You have to put on the costume when you're learning and rehearsing the piece, because it has so much material, so many panels.’
      • ‘Ruffle necklines are big too, as well as fluted sleeves, hem flounces and ruched side panels.’
      • ‘Fine embroidered dress panels were considered works of art and as such were handed down from mother to daughter.’
      • ‘Figure-hugging silhouettes are accented by zippered pockets, panels and side vents.’
      • ‘She carried through that expertise to intricate knitwear, which included a poloneck woven from ribbed panels structured like the sections of a corset.’
      • ‘A simplified elastic laminate is made from nonwovens and is especially suitable for side panels of training pant garments or the like.’
      • ‘The pants have an elastic drawcord waist, articulated knees, stretch panels on the waist, and a back zip pocket.’
      • ‘Jeffrey, who was arrested and charged last March, wore a hooded white sweatshirt with blue shoulder panels, and a pair of black track pants.’
      • ‘Blue panels are stitched around the sleeves and the hem of the dress.’
    3. 1.3A decorated area within a larger design containing a separate subject.
      ‘the central panel depicts the Crucifixion’
      • ‘The towering central panel is set within a classical arch and shows the Virgin and Child enthroned, with the infant Saint John the Baptist to one side.’
      • ‘The panels are separated from one another, and so the painting feels like an allegory of psychic completion, complicated by ambiguities of sex.’
      • ‘Also challenging our sense of perception are large lenticular panels of Japanese cartoon figures juxtaposed on historical Chinese sites.’
      • ‘By using retarding agents of different strengths within the same panel, decorative features can be created by varying the depth of the etch on elements of a pattern or design.’
      • ‘Ironically enough, debate continues over the division of labor and the artist responsible for the design of the central panel.’
      • ‘Most panels depict eyes, from photographs, magazines and other artworks perhaps.’
      • ‘One of the first images one comes across when entering the gallery space is a triptych of a class portrait, interrupted by the central panel depicting a plant form.’
      • ‘In Mitchell's multipart paintings, the panels were worked separately but were meant to be seen together.’
      • ‘While the main panel of the altarpiece portrays a story of communal inclusion, the predella bears a story of social exclusion.’
      • ‘The central panel of this intact triptych altarpiece depicts the Mystic Marriage of St Catherine, together with other saints, flanked by donors.’
      • ‘He was inspired by her beauty and German heritage to create several designs for the mirror panels with images derived from Germanic folk art and mythology.’
      • ‘However, because paintings played a secondary role in Gonse's book, his discussion on the panel appeared deep within his text.’
      • ‘Each format is divided into panels, reminiscent of the way in which she has arranged the separate panels of her paintings.’
      • ‘Yet, being multipartite, they call to mind the predella panels of early Renaissance altarpieces.’
      • ‘Another composite scene, it is divided into a central panel, two large curved sections in the lower areas of the vault, and seven small curved sections.’
      • ‘Van Eyck's extant single-panel portraits are all decorated on the reverse, whereas the central panels of his surviving triptychs are not.’
      • ‘It is conceivable, of course, that the Louvre panel actually depicts its subject as he appeared at the time during which it was created.’
      • ‘The assumption that the work is a physiognomic likeness has driven scholarly efforts to identify the panel's subject.’
      • ‘There is no evidence, other than that within panels of the window itself, for the problems posed by the later incorporation of the heraldry of bishop and chapter within it.’
      • ‘The right-hand surface of each wedge is part of a single image, while the left-hand panels form a separate composite image.’
    4. 1.4One of several drawings making up a cartoon strip.
      ‘the cartoon strip has four panels’
      • ‘She has blown up some of the individual drawings and panels from the book, taking them out of context, yet most of the pages themselves are miniaturised so you can barely see them.’
      • ‘In panel four she held them on a platter like a hostess serving up hors d' oeuvres.’
      • ‘Several people have written to clue me in to the meaning of the second panel of the dude cartoon.’
      • ‘These works resemble what you would get if you had a comic-strip panel or cartoon as your vehicle for getting to your ideal.’
      • ‘Comics use this technique on every page in a myriad of different directions not only between panels but within the artwork itself.’
      • ‘This cartoon's last four panels are absolutely audacious, and there's no way any newspaper would print them.’
      • ‘Back in the fifties I worked on a number of eight by four panels and can remember no great snags in the painting or the subsequent display and longevity of the results.’
      • ‘The layout is unimaginative, just a basic three or four panels per page.’
      • ‘I began to dislike doing daily cartoons: four panels and a joke.’
  • 2A flat board on which instruments or controls are fixed.

    ‘a control panel’
    • ‘Sparks flashed from the control panels as the instruments scrambled to adjust to the power surge.’
    • ‘The manual also contains a handy navigation chart for the control panel on the printer itself.’
    • ‘While we're steaming, Gerry gives me a tour of his control panel.’
    • ‘User-friendly remote controls and touch panels are supplied and with the simple touch of a button you can chose what you want to listen to and where.’
    • ‘The only rhythm to time is the series of errors that break out like loosened objects and brush by the control panel, hitting switches that suddenly veer the ship into ever darker regions.’
    • ‘The fascia then comes out to greet you, offering a variety of control panels which operate everything from the hi-fi to the satellite navigation system, the trip computer to the climate control.’
    • ‘All important systems will have redundant control panels and power supplies.’
    • ‘Control panels and instruments in the cabin have been arranged so well and neatly that they surround the driver.’
    • ‘Carly tapped instructions into the control panel in front of her.’
    • ‘This became vitally important during World War II in designing all kinds of instrument and control panels.’
    • ‘With your keyboard as a control panel, you begin your planning by zooming in on your desired location.’
    • ‘It might involve looking at a panel of four lights, waiting for one of them to be switched on, and pressing the correct button for that light as fast as possible.’
    • ‘With a control panel hardly more sophisticated than that of a Ford Model T, it would still fly with a broken tail, flopping wing, or coughing engine.’
    • ‘The fire caused the motorelectronics and the control panel to malfunction before spreading to the adjacent wells.’
    • ‘The glow panel above the intruder flickered briefly, catching the light on his sword.’
    • ‘I've checked all the driver versions in the control panel, and they're all definitely the latest.’
    • ‘All around were control panels, beeping and glowing different colors.’
    • ‘The damage control parties were already being deployed to the various damaged circuits and burnt control panels.’
    • ‘Nice having a factory switch panel wired for accessories.’
    • ‘But our control panel in the office was showing that it was secure.’
    • ‘The cause of the alarm sounding was subsequently traced to a fault in a control panel.’
    • ‘The fire resulted from a short in an electrical panel that ignited flammable materials in the 100-percent-oxygen atmosphere.’
    console, instrument panel, fascia, board, dashboard
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  • 3A small group of people brought together to investigate or decide on a particular matter.

    ‘an interview panel’
    • ‘The panel liked the drawing and they got the job.’
    • ‘Well, the president actually visited four of the eight panels.’
    • ‘A six-member panel, which included four former Olympians, was put in place.’
    • ‘Robyn went to four of the discussion panels, and summarised them here most comprehensively.’
    • ‘The partnership she has established with Ian Waite looks formidable and has impressed the panel of four judges.’
    • ‘A panel of four speakers kicked off the discussion with their opening remarks.’
    • ‘A panel of four judges armed with clipboards had the pleasure of sampling the hidden gems of the borough yesterday.’
    • ‘Capital punishment may be imposed by the vote of four members of a panel of five military officers.’
    • ‘All four impressed a panel of judges who scrutinised a 20-page questionnaire about the door policy, first aid training, procedures to deal with drugs and safety issues.’
    • ‘The panel concluded that four tests should immediately be withdrawn from sale as they were misleading and unreliable.’
    • ‘The young performers were auditioned in groups of eight and sang for 45 seconds for a panel of four judges.’
    • ‘After the panel voted positively on four articles, impeachment was inevitable and a Senate vote for the president's removal seemed likely.’
    • ‘No one from the floor was in favour of the artists' studios but when a vote was taken by the councillors on the panel, four were in favour but three were against.’
    • ‘I'm hosting four panels which I'll be reminding you about here, ad nauseam.’
    • ‘More than 50 students applied to take part following an advert in the student newspaper and were whittled down to the final four by a selection panel.’
    • ‘During the day, the other four people on the panel do the same thing.’
    • ‘The couple had three separate visits from judges and also faced four panels of judges in London to win the prize.’
    • ‘Specialists in the field of photography tackled this task from various points of view in four panels.’
    • ‘Marsh spoke on a panel of four mental health provider organizations.’
    • ‘Reflecting the depth of bureaucratic resistance to his plans, the panel found only four prospects.’
    group, advisory group, team, body, committee, jury, council, board, commission
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    1. 3.1British A list of medical practitioners registered in a district as accepting patients under the National Health Service or, formerly, the National Insurance Act.
      • ‘The National Insurance Act of 1911 gave, for the first time, entitlement to free access to a general practitioner working on the doctor's panel.’
      • ‘Panel patients frequently queued at a back door to enter a cramped, barely furnished surgery, there to wait their turn for the doctor during fixed surgery hours.’
    2. 3.2North American A list of available jurors or a jury.
      • ‘The jury panel felt that system integration was much more prevalent than in previous years.’
      • ‘The panel of anonymous jurors deliberated for 13 days over a four-week period.’
      • ‘The significance of the advancement was immediately apparent to the juror panel.’
      • ‘Because then they get to purge the jury panel of anyone who expresses qualms about the death penalty.’
      • ‘Whereas jury panels, in exceptional cases, can be vetted, this was not such a case.’
      • ‘After both sides present their evidence and argue their cases, a panel of jurors must weigh what they have heard and decide whether or not the accused person is guilty as charged.’
      • ‘Do you think X-generationers are making up an ever-increasing number of people who are making up panels of jurors?’
      • ‘Typically a panel of potential jurors is drawn from the jury room randomly.’
      • ‘He thus dropped several Protestant jurors from the panel and replaced them with Catholics.’
      • ‘A challenge to the array involved a party objecting to the composition of the panel of potential jurors from which the trial jury would be selected.’
      • ‘We do not have the luxury of the system, which can provide instant access to litigants, in terms of courtrooms, judges and jury panels.’
      • ‘And sometimes before a trial even begins, you do your most critical work, screening through a jury panel.’
      • ‘The randomness of the jury which s.80 of the Constitution contemplates is randomness at the point of creation of the panel of jurors from whom the ultimate jury is chosen.’
      • ‘It is also not uncommon in medium to long cases, for jurors on the panel from which the final random selection will be made, to be asked to answer a short questionnaire.’
      • ‘Part of the process of assembling juries involves removing from the panel of jurors those persons who have a close connection with the legal system by virtue of their employment.’
      • ‘The tedious process of choosing a panel of 12 jurors was enlivened yesterday when it emerged the Jackson team planned to call a host of Hollywood celebrities in his defence.’
      • ‘But it's back to the drawing board for this jury, with a new panel member, after juror No.7 was dismissed yesterday.’
      • ‘A printed notice, in similar terms, is handed to all members of the jury panel when they commence their duties.’
      • ‘I wait to hear the first panel of potential jurors being called to a courtroom.’
      • ‘The courts don't keep records of the racial balance of jury panels.’
  • 4Scots Law
    A person or people charged with an offence.


  • Cover (a wall or other surface) with panels.

    ‘panelled rooms’
    • ‘The walls were paneled with mahogany, as were the floors.’
    • ‘The castle has a panelled dining room, a library, a billiards room and a grand hall.’
    • ‘If your walls are paneled, you may want to finish the light shaft to match.’
    • ‘The dining room is panelled to chest height and has an intricate, golden fabric wallcovering above.’
    • ‘The floor was covered with a plush carpet, and the walls were paneled with a synthetic wood molding, giving the room a stately air.’
    • ‘The adjoining bathroom has panelled walls, a bath and a vanity unit with tiled surround.’
    • ‘This has a tiled floor, part-tiled walls, wood panelled ceiling and spotlighting.’
    • ‘The walls were panelled in wood, the floor covered in carpets decorated with curlicues to rival any Persian rug.’
    • ‘Double panelled doors interconnect with the family room where the walls are part-panelled.’
    • ‘The family bathroom has a parquet floor and panelled walls as well as a sauna and bath with shower attachment.’
    • ‘He has a fine old office at the end of a faded, panelled corridor, five floors up by a rickety lift.’
    • ‘The walls were paneled wood, the ceiling white.’
    • ‘The walls were panelled in some form of regal looking wood, and the floors were carpeted royal red.’
    • ‘Pine figures largely in the furniture and décor, with the walls panelled on the lower half.’
    • ‘Today, the club has panelled walls, with one covered in bright yellow posters advertising past and recent acts.’
    • ‘The walls were paneled with nondescript sand colored wood.’
    • ‘Inside, there are panelled walls, adorned with old prints galore.’
    • ‘The servery and furniture have been upgraded and the walls are now panelled.’
    • ‘The walls were panelled with the same oak, and the seats cushioned with soft red leather.’
    • ‘They went through a set of oak panelled doors into a room with a swimming pool.’


Middle English: from Old French, literally piece of cloth, based on Latin pannus (piece of) cloth. The early sense ‘piece of parchment’ was extended to mean ‘list’, whence the notion ‘advisory group’. panel derives from the late Middle English sense ‘distinct section of a surface’.