Definition of pagoda in English:



  • 1(in India and East Asia) a Hindu or Buddhist temple, typically in the form of a many-tiered tower.

    • ‘He built a brick pagoda and kept 3,000 Buddha statues at Sokjjang-sa where he lived.’
    • ‘Hirayama's paintings are based on religious themes; most of these are representations of mosques, pagodas, Buddhist temples and Bodhisattvas.’
    • ‘The Garden contains two Japanese pagodas and a large Buddhist statue, as well as rare Japanese plants and many beautiful lanterns.’
    • ‘Here, the first port of call should be Wat Phra Keow, a collection of pagodas, stupas, frescos and mosaics under arching roofs of red and gold; its small emerald Buddha is of tremendous cultural significance to the nation.’
    • ‘Across the world, temples, pagodas, sacred land and water formations, manuscripts and sculptures are under threat from a variety of sources.’
    • ‘Anawrahta's capital, Pagan, was sacked by the Mongols in 1287 and the city with its many thousand pagodas and temples was abandoned.’
    • ‘The later temples consisted of a Main Hall and two pagodas.’
    • ‘The tours begin in Hanoi, where guests will visit the Museum of Ethnology, the old craft quarter and several pagodas and temples, including the Tay Phuong Pagoda.’
    • ‘Outstanding examples of Korean architecture can be seen in historic palaces and Buddhist temples and pagodas.’
    • ‘They managed to walk two kilometres to the relative safety of a Buddhist pagoda where he met an American Sri Lankan whose uncle owned a farm a further three kilometres away.’
    • ‘There seems to be endless jewelled demons, gilded temples (called wats) and tall pagodas.’
    • ‘Buddhist temples incorporate pagodas, a design which came from India around the first century C.E. (the time when the religion made its way to China).’
    • ‘The tall, zelkova tree beside the pagoda is draped with lanterns on the Buddha's Birthday in May of every year.’
    • ‘Monuments, temples, pagodas have been restored for use and for tourism.’
    • ‘The landscaped gardens are complemented by eastern temples, Nepalese pagodas and roaming peacocks.’
    • ‘There are two very fine pagodas to visit at this temple as well as enjoying the lovely mountain stream.’
    • ‘Here, where the river takes a sharp U-turn, a suspension bridge connects the highway to a small mountain studded with a temple, a towering pagoda and a large golden statue of the Buddha.’
    • ‘People circled around the pagodas with the wish to be like Buddha himself.’
    • ‘Temples and pagodas exist only to inspire the proper frame of mind for believers' devotion and self-awareness.’
    • ‘The converts among the merchants and nomadic rulers built temples, pagodas and cave sanctuaries carved into the canyon cliffs and mountains along the Yellow River.’
    1. 1.1 An ornamental imitation of a Hindu or Buddhist pagoda.
      • ‘Tetra found the queen exactly where the messenger had said, out in the summer pagoda in the palace gardens, with her eldest daughter Erris.’
      • ‘The site featured an orangery (precursor to the modern greenhouse), a pagoda, and an archway designed by the architect Sir William Chambers.’
      • ‘They display books on pavements, near schools, and bus stations, even pagodas, cafe bars and restaurants.’
      • ‘The design of a redwood shade shelter can vary from a lattice trellis to a post, beam and rafter construction or the more elaborate angles of a pagoda or gazebo-style shelter.’
      • ‘It was a place of pebbled walkways, pagodas, stone lanterns, a waterfall, and a wishing well where families and courting couples could give voice to their dreams.’


Late 16th century: from Portuguese pagode, perhaps based on Persian butkada temple of idols, influenced by Prakrit bhagodī divine.