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1Combine chemically with oxygen:[with object] ‘when coal is burnt any sulphur is oxidized to sulphur dioxide’[no object] ‘the fats in the food will oxidize, turning it rancid’
wear away, wear down, bite into, burn into, burn through, erode, abrade, consume, dissolveView synonyms
- ‘These unsaturated hydrocarbons are readily oxidised and polymerised, which can reduce the oil's shelf life.’
- ‘Blackened lead white can be treated by oxidizing but oxygen will tarnish any silver.’
- ‘The coke is oxidized to carbon dioxide, which changes to carbon monoxide at high temperatures.’
- ‘Many metals are readily oxidized by oxygen in the atmosphere.’
- ‘When the iron oxidizes with any trace oxygen in the atmosphere, it turns red.’
- 1.1Chemistry Undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are lost to another species:[with object] ‘iron (II) compounds are slowly oxidized by air to form iron (III) compounds’The opposite of reduce[no object] ‘secondary alcohols oxidize to give ketones’
- ‘In the process of decomposing, H2O2 releases free radicals - highly reactive intermediates that oxidize other molecules by removing electrons or hydrogen atoms from them.’
- ‘They remove electrons from the species being oxidized and are themselves reduced.’
- ‘A new reaction of this dye, whereby its excited triplet state oxidizes suitable electron donors, is now reported.’
- ‘A species is oxidized in a reaction if it undergoes a increase in oxidation number.’
- ‘The reductant donates electrons and becomes oxidized while the oxidant gains electrons and is in turn reduced.’
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