Definition of orthodox in English:

orthodox

adjective

  • 1Following or conforming to the traditional or generally accepted rules or beliefs of a religion, philosophy, or practice:

    ‘Burke's views were orthodox in his time’
    ‘orthodox medical treatment’
    ‘orthodox Hindus’
    • ‘For 150 years, it fell from orthodox medical practice.’
    • ‘The fundamentalist is always trying to conform his or her experience to his or her orthodox belief, to his or her fundamentalism.’
    • ‘According to the Association of Reflexologists, the therapy is not intended as a substitute for orthodox medical treatment.’
    • ‘As an orthodox Jew and a doctor in training I completely agree with your statements.’
    • ‘Others come from more orthodox religious traditions, readily linking parapsychology with its heterodox metaphysical precursors.’
    • ‘I now accepted the orthodox Christian doctrine of Creation.’
    • ‘That they not only accept this situation but value it and actively re-create it is due to the nature of orthodox beliefs and practices.’
    • ‘First, some women reject feminism in favor of more orthodox forms of religion.’
    • ‘The therapy is not intended as a substitute for orthodox medical treatment, the Association of Reflexologists stresses.’
    • ‘Our response is that the third party followed the orthodox practice, which was dry drilling in coal or soft strata and wet drilling in stone.’
    • ‘Like orthodox Muslims, they prayed five times a day, though not facing Mecca.’
    • ‘Although Berlin has the fastest growing Jewish population in the world, the community is ethnically diverse and spans a range of traditions from orthodox to secular.’
    • ‘My philosophy is normal orthodox philosophy, such as has come down from the Indians through the Greeks, to Spinoza.’
    • ‘Instead of joining forces with the best of these traditions, orthodox medical practitioners have either ignored them or denounced their practitioners as quacks.’
    • ‘There is a very profoundly conservative side to Newman's thought which appeals to traditionalists and those who wish to maintain the orthodox tradition.’
    • ‘At the same time, there was a significant portion of the youngest Catholic men whose beliefs and practices were very orthodox.’
    • ‘As in orthodox economics, the practitioners of econophysics fall into either the deductive or empirical camps.’
    • ‘There are also those who believe in reincarnation who would appear to have no orthodox religion.’
    • ‘Thus, Hegel's rationalism was seen as a threat not only to orthodox religion but to orthodox politics as well.’
    • ‘He follows the orthodox code and strictly observes the Sabbath from sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday, so there is an obvious impact on his political life.’
    conservative, traditional, observant, conformist, devout, strict, true, true blue, of the faith, of the true faith
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    1. 1.1 (of a person) not independent-minded; conventional and unoriginal:
      ‘a relatively orthodox artist’
      • ‘Sethu remembers her mother-in-law as an orthodox person who managed to run the house with very little money.’
      • ‘The Rangers right winger was a fine orthodox player but on this occasion he had to be replaced by the skilful, but out-of - position, Ralph Brand.’
      • ‘This has been explained by the conservative and orthodox mindset and a tradition where dance and music were more popular than visual arts of painting and sculpture.’
      • ‘But, as Koerner amply demonstrates, Linnaeus was scarcely an orthodox thinker in any realm.’
      • ‘She was as hip in her outlook as her parents were orthodox.’
      • ‘They're quite orthodox, not gimmicked in any way.’
      • ‘This is the finest moment of Dead Poets Society, the story of a thoroughly unorthodox teacher at a thoroughly orthodox boys' prep school.’
      • ‘She came from an orthodox family and her father's political leanings provided her an opportunity to meet political leaders.’
      • ‘The orthodox husbands will be peeved, no doubt.’
      • ‘Branch, back in for the first time since Boxing Day, ran hard but without much joy and was replaced just after the hour by the more orthodox Ben Muirhead.’
      • ‘Yes, she is thoroughly orthodox, but her concern for truth is far deeper than mere orthodoxy and harmony with tradition.’
      conventional, mainstream, conformist, accepted, approved, received, recognized, correct, proper, established, well established, authorized, authoritative, traditional, traditionalist, prevailing, prevalent, common, Popular, customary, usual, normal, regular, standard, canonical, doctrinal, unheretical, conservative, unoriginal, derivative
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  • 2Of the ordinary or usual type; normal:

    ‘they avoided orthodox jazz venues’
    • ‘Mr Wood acknowledged that most routine orthodox types of surgery were currently performed without the need for blood products.’
    • ‘One aspect of these changes was the weakening of the orthodox heterosexual double standard.’
    • ‘The patients in this study underwent allergic testing according to standards of orthodox medicine.’
    • ‘During a loan period with Middlesbrough in season 1999-2000, he looked an ordinary player, locked into an orthodox four-man midfield.’
    • ‘Supreme Command challenges what has become the orthodox or ‘normal’ theory of civil versus military command.’
    • ‘Not much about Grimaud's career has been predictable or orthodox.’
    normal, average, ordinary, standard, regular, routine, run-of-the-mill, stock, conventional, predictable, unsurprising, unremarkable, unexceptional
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  • 3usually OrthodoxRelating to Orthodox Judaism:

    ‘Orthodox Jewish boys’
    ‘everyone I knew was Orthodox’
    • ‘Instead of Wall Street, the son has made the spiritual life as an Orthodox Jew his primary focus.’
    • ‘The film's focus works perfectly to elucidate what it means to be gay and Jewish and Orthodox.’
    • ‘One way is to stress that Orthodox Jews regard halakha as binding.’
    • ‘Glatt remained an Orthodox Jew but also a true European of the old school.’
    • ‘However, some Hasidic Jews, an Orthodox sect, forbid the eating of these products.’
    • ‘Do they apply only to Orthodox Jews, all Jews, part of humankind or all of humanity?’
    • ‘He is an Orthodox Jew who teaches Rabbinic Studies in California.’
    • ‘My daughter is enrolled at the Orthodox Day School and we belong to a small Orthodox synagogue.’
    • ‘I do cannot understand how an Orthodox Jewish site can allow such an article to be published.’
    • ‘For Orthodox Jews, kashrut laws are extremely important; for Reform Jews, nothing could be further from the truth.’
    • ‘Orthodox Jews believe in the divinely inspired ‘oral tradition’.’
    • ‘You were shocked only due to a lack of knowledge of a widespread practice among Orthodox Jews.’
    • ‘Sounds like the liberal Jewish complaint against the Orthodox synagogue.’
    • ‘It tells the stories of Hasidic and Orthodox Jews who are gay or lesbian.’
    • ‘He acted as head of the Los Angeles Beth Din or Orthodox Jewish rabbinical court.’
    • ‘Our world offers things that both accelerate and impede our jobs as Orthodox Jews.’
    • ‘Half an hour before Shabbat, the Orthodox rabbi in Sacramento that they knew retrieved us.’
    • ‘There are excesses to be found in celebrations of Orthodox Jews as there are in those of Jews of other affiliations.’
    • ‘He became the guide of Orthodox Jewry around the world because the community sought his guidance.’
    • ‘In order to marry, a Jewish citizen of Israel must meet the Orthodox Halachic requirements that are applied in the Rabbinical courts.’
  • 4usually OrthodoxRelating to the Orthodox Church.

    • ‘On the basis of this principle, an approach to the Anglican and the Orthodox churches has been sought.’
    • ‘There were many faithful Orthodox and Protestant bishops, pastors and evangelists.’
    • ‘On the eve of both Christmas day and Easter day, Orthodox Copts break their fast with a variety of dishes made of beef and poultry.’
    • ‘Today, the World Council of Churches also represents Eastern Orthodox Churches.’
    • ‘Ben is now the pastor emeritus of the Orthodox Christian Reformed Church of Cambridge Ontario.’
    • ‘Not a single mainline Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, or Catholic leader was invited.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Greek orthodoxos (probably via ecclesiastical Latin), from orthos straight or right + doxa opinion.

Pronunciation:

orthodox

/ˈɔːθədɒks/