Definition of orthodox in English:

orthodox

adjective

  • 1Following or conforming to the traditional or generally accepted rules or beliefs of a religion, philosophy, or practice.

    ‘Burke's views were orthodox in his time’
    ‘orthodox medical treatment’
    ‘orthodox Hindus’
    • ‘Others come from more orthodox religious traditions, readily linking parapsychology with its heterodox metaphysical precursors.’
    • ‘Instead of joining forces with the best of these traditions, orthodox medical practitioners have either ignored them or denounced their practitioners as quacks.’
    • ‘That they not only accept this situation but value it and actively re-create it is due to the nature of orthodox beliefs and practices.’
    • ‘As an orthodox Jew and a doctor in training I completely agree with your statements.’
    • ‘According to the Association of Reflexologists, the therapy is not intended as a substitute for orthodox medical treatment.’
    • ‘Like orthodox Muslims, they prayed five times a day, though not facing Mecca.’
    • ‘The therapy is not intended as a substitute for orthodox medical treatment, the Association of Reflexologists stresses.’
    • ‘Although Berlin has the fastest growing Jewish population in the world, the community is ethnically diverse and spans a range of traditions from orthodox to secular.’
    • ‘For 150 years, it fell from orthodox medical practice.’
    • ‘The fundamentalist is always trying to conform his or her experience to his or her orthodox belief, to his or her fundamentalism.’
    • ‘I now accepted the orthodox Christian doctrine of Creation.’
    • ‘As in orthodox economics, the practitioners of econophysics fall into either the deductive or empirical camps.’
    • ‘He follows the orthodox code and strictly observes the Sabbath from sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday, so there is an obvious impact on his political life.’
    • ‘My philosophy is normal orthodox philosophy, such as has come down from the Indians through the Greeks, to Spinoza.’
    • ‘There is a very profoundly conservative side to Newman's thought which appeals to traditionalists and those who wish to maintain the orthodox tradition.’
    • ‘There are also those who believe in reincarnation who would appear to have no orthodox religion.’
    • ‘At the same time, there was a significant portion of the youngest Catholic men whose beliefs and practices were very orthodox.’
    • ‘Thus, Hegel's rationalism was seen as a threat not only to orthodox religion but to orthodox politics as well.’
    • ‘First, some women reject feminism in favor of more orthodox forms of religion.’
    • ‘Our response is that the third party followed the orthodox practice, which was dry drilling in coal or soft strata and wet drilling in stone.’
    conservative, traditional, observant, conformist, devout, strict, true, true blue, of the faith, of the true faith
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    1. 1.1(of a person) not independent-minded; conventional and unoriginal.
      ‘a relatively orthodox artist’
      • ‘The orthodox husbands will be peeved, no doubt.’
      • ‘But, as Koerner amply demonstrates, Linnaeus was scarcely an orthodox thinker in any realm.’
      • ‘They're quite orthodox, not gimmicked in any way.’
      • ‘Yes, she is thoroughly orthodox, but her concern for truth is far deeper than mere orthodoxy and harmony with tradition.’
      • ‘This has been explained by the conservative and orthodox mindset and a tradition where dance and music were more popular than visual arts of painting and sculpture.’
      • ‘She was as hip in her outlook as her parents were orthodox.’
      • ‘She came from an orthodox family and her father's political leanings provided her an opportunity to meet political leaders.’
      • ‘The Rangers right winger was a fine orthodox player but on this occasion he had to be replaced by the skilful, but out-of - position, Ralph Brand.’
      • ‘Sethu remembers her mother-in-law as an orthodox person who managed to run the house with very little money.’
      • ‘Branch, back in for the first time since Boxing Day, ran hard but without much joy and was replaced just after the hour by the more orthodox Ben Muirhead.’
      • ‘This is the finest moment of Dead Poets Society, the story of a thoroughly unorthodox teacher at a thoroughly orthodox boys' prep school.’
  • 2Of the ordinary or usual type; normal.

    ‘they avoided orthodox jazz venues’
    • ‘Not much about Grimaud's career has been predictable or orthodox.’
    • ‘Supreme Command challenges what has become the orthodox or ‘normal’ theory of civil versus military command.’
    • ‘During a loan period with Middlesbrough in season 1999-2000, he looked an ordinary player, locked into an orthodox four-man midfield.’
    • ‘Mr Wood acknowledged that most routine orthodox types of surgery were currently performed without the need for blood products.’
    • ‘One aspect of these changes was the weakening of the orthodox heterosexual double standard.’
    • ‘The patients in this study underwent allergic testing according to standards of orthodox medicine.’
    normal, average, ordinary, standard, regular, routine, run-of-the-mill, stock, conventional, predictable, unsurprising, unremarkable, unexceptional
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  • 3Relating to Orthodox Judaism.

    ‘Orthodox Jewish boys’
    ‘everyone I knew was Orthodox’
    • ‘For Orthodox Jews, kashrut laws are extremely important; for Reform Jews, nothing could be further from the truth.’
    • ‘He is an Orthodox Jew who teaches Rabbinic Studies in California.’
    • ‘In order to marry, a Jewish citizen of Israel must meet the Orthodox Halachic requirements that are applied in the Rabbinical courts.’
    • ‘He became the guide of Orthodox Jewry around the world because the community sought his guidance.’
    • ‘I do cannot understand how an Orthodox Jewish site can allow such an article to be published.’
    • ‘Our world offers things that both accelerate and impede our jobs as Orthodox Jews.’
    • ‘My daughter is enrolled at the Orthodox Day School and we belong to a small Orthodox synagogue.’
    • ‘There are excesses to be found in celebrations of Orthodox Jews as there are in those of Jews of other affiliations.’
    • ‘However, some Hasidic Jews, an Orthodox sect, forbid the eating of these products.’
    • ‘Orthodox Jews believe in the divinely inspired ‘oral tradition’.’
    • ‘Do they apply only to Orthodox Jews, all Jews, part of humankind or all of humanity?’
    • ‘He acted as head of the Los Angeles Beth Din or Orthodox Jewish rabbinical court.’
    • ‘Half an hour before Shabbat, the Orthodox rabbi in Sacramento that they knew retrieved us.’
    • ‘It tells the stories of Hasidic and Orthodox Jews who are gay or lesbian.’
    • ‘Instead of Wall Street, the son has made the spiritual life as an Orthodox Jew his primary focus.’
    • ‘Sounds like the liberal Jewish complaint against the Orthodox synagogue.’
    • ‘One way is to stress that Orthodox Jews regard halakha as binding.’
    • ‘Glatt remained an Orthodox Jew but also a true European of the old school.’
    • ‘You were shocked only due to a lack of knowledge of a widespread practice among Orthodox Jews.’
    • ‘The film's focus works perfectly to elucidate what it means to be gay and Jewish and Orthodox.’
  • 4Relating to the Orthodox Church.

    • ‘Ben is now the pastor emeritus of the Orthodox Christian Reformed Church of Cambridge Ontario.’
    • ‘There were many faithful Orthodox and Protestant bishops, pastors and evangelists.’
    • ‘On the basis of this principle, an approach to the Anglican and the Orthodox churches has been sought.’
    • ‘Today, the World Council of Churches also represents Eastern Orthodox Churches.’
    • ‘Not a single mainline Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, or Catholic leader was invited.’
    • ‘On the eve of both Christmas day and Easter day, Orthodox Copts break their fast with a variety of dishes made of beef and poultry.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Greek orthodoxos (probably via ecclesiastical Latin), from orthos straight or right + doxa opinion.

Pronunciation:

orthodox

/ˈɔːθədɒks/