Definition of orientation in English:



mass noun
  • 1The action of orienting someone or something relative to the points of a compass or other specified positions.

    ‘studies of locational awareness and orientation in young children’
    • ‘Actually, I think it's a matter of compass orientation.’
    • ‘The core disturbance involves an acute generalised impairment of cognitive function that affects orientation, attention, memory, and planning and organisational skills.’
    • ‘A possible resolution could be associated with the initial orientation of the molecule relative to the pore axis.’
    • ‘The tactical screen was selected on the device's multipurpose display to assist in navigational orientation.’
    • ‘Self-fulfillment and even the working out of personal identity and a sense of orientation in the world depend upon a communal enterprise.’
    • ‘For many years flight was a daytime visual activity until the development of instruments to assist in orientation.’
    • ‘The appearance of a given earthbound place in a painting or photograph normally initiates for the Western viewer an immediate response of physical orientation.’
    • ‘Vine trellising, and careful row orientation have become more common, and in certain areas irrigation is now practised to good effect.’
    • ‘As a result, passengers and crew found orientation difficult, though the provision of snap light wands alleviated this problem to some degree.’
    • ‘They may experience confusion, or problems with memory, spatial orientation or perception.’
    • ‘These days have been incredibly traumatic and the only place I can receive some positive therapy and orientation is this great site.’
    • ‘Human beings, in common with other vertebrates, possess a set of sense organs that provide information to the brain concerning orientation and motion of the body.’
    • ‘Instead of relying on signage to help people find their way, more facilities are trying to make orientation and navigation more intuitive by using different materials.’
    • ‘A gap in the fences that allows boats to pass through is marked by a sign on a pole for orientation from a distance or in bad visibility.’
    • ‘Another proof of the positive developments in bilateral economic relations was the new orientation of Greek investment.’
    • ‘But I had lost my sense of orientation and I was not quite sure where to put myself.’
    • ‘On outdoor roads, lighting conditions can vary dramatically due to factors such as time of day, orientation relative to the sun, and weather.’
    • ‘Depending on the relative orientation of the dislocation and precipitate, the internal stress will aid dislocation motion or hinder dislocation motion.’
    • ‘Maximal acceptance angle and optimal orientation of the detector relative to the incident light is important to obtain the largest output signal and improved SNR.’
    • ‘The agreed reforms aim to ensure the Common Agricultural Policy is firmly based on the principles of market orientation, sustainability and environmental awareness.’
    1. 1.1count noun The relative position or direction of something.
      ‘using the orientation of a building to capture energy from the sun’
      • ‘Find out about the villa's position and orientation so you know that you do not have go to the beach in order to catch some rays.’
      • ‘Slightly different results were obtained when using different orientations of the model.’
      • ‘The opposing magnetic orientations make the entire multilayer structure appear much thinner than it actually is.’
      • ‘There are, in effect, two different orientations involved in discussing patterns and their positions.’
      • ‘We suggest that the folds east and west of each of these faults developed at the same time as each other and the intervening fault, but with different orientations.’
      • ‘These are commonly scattered in random orientations, covering up to 80% of some bedding surfaces.’
      • ‘Before the enemy plonked a torpedo into the engine room of the ship, they didn't debate the exact depth at which she was to rest, nor her orientation relative to access points on shore.’
      • ‘Would we look at old magnetic rocks of various orientations and wonder, why did they solidify that way?’
      • ‘Those granules are tiny metallic crystals in varied shapes and orientations.’
      • ‘Gyroscopes are mounted disks that spin so that their axes can turn freely and maintain a constant orientation in space.’
      • ‘The specimens are flattened in a variety of orientations to the bedding planes.’
      • ‘Pictures of the 10 objects, without the donut, appeared in three different orientations.’
      • ‘We measured nest orientation by first locating the opening in the vegetation used by adults to access the nest.’
      • ‘The camera does an excellent job of tracking your boarder's movement and I was always able to properly determine my orientation relative to the ground.’
      • ‘Large broken tree trunks are found randomly distributed through the coal in many different orientations.’
      • ‘There is no relationship between the lattice orientations of the two minerals.’
      • ‘First, a calibration process determines camera position and orientation with respect to the vehicle platform.’
      • ‘Also trucks at certain camera positions and orientations may obscure detection of certain vehicles.’
      • ‘At low strains the collagen fibers have almost random orientations.’
      • ‘Even interior walls in many buildings have astronomical orientations.’
      • ‘The opposing magnetic orientations, IBM explains, make the multilayer structure appear much thinner than it actually is.’
      positioning, location, position, situation, lie, bearings, angle, placement, direction, alignment, emplacement, locating, situating
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Zoology The faculty by which birds and other animals find their way back to a place after going or being taken to a place distant from it.
      ‘recent research in animal orientation’
      • ‘When the migratory birds lose their orientation, they land in the gardens or on a road covered with tree canopy.’
      • ‘Insects respond to polarized light, and this capacity is used in orientation and homing behavior.’
      • ‘Although treatment with a magnetic pulse results in directional changes in orientation in adult birds, these changes do not appear to be associated with the magnetic compass.’
      • ‘Some researchers have suggested that after dark the invertebrates lose orientation and are inadvertently washed away.’
  • 2A person's basic attitude, beliefs, or feelings in relation to a particular subject or issue.

    ‘his book is well worth reading, regardless of your political orientation’
    • ‘Research data may not be relevant to persons with fundamentally different orientations or worldviews.’
    • ‘The state church acknowledges homosexual orientation but disapproves of its practice.’
    • ‘Neither of our parents are supportive of our relationship - or our orientation.’
    • ‘The English bishops say instead that homosexual orientation must never be considered sinful or evil in itself just so long as it is not sexually expressed.’
    • ‘English-Canadian feminists and Quebecoises feminists had very different political orientations.’
    • ‘They conclude that a person's sexual orientation is determined before birth.’
    • ‘As a result of Lawrence many, of all orientations and political creeds, see same-sex marriage as the next step.’
    • ‘The idea that you can change sexual orientation is laughable.’
    • ‘But she blasted the Thornburgh panel for considering her political orientation.’
    • ‘In addition, several items assessed subjects' preferred theoretical orientation and anticipated area of primary professional involvement.’
    • ‘On the contrary, many gay men and women welcome the idea that their orientation is rooted in biology.’
    • ‘The working class as a whole confronts the task of adopting a new political orientation and constructing a new party.’
    • ‘There is no sign of it abandoning the usual academic Leftist orientation, though.’
    • ‘The same spiritual orientations appear throughout Roncalli's adult life.’
    • ‘The orientation of research and development staff is likely to differ from that of accountants.’
    • ‘Russian politicians of all orientations reacted to the events with harsh condemnation and protests.’
    • ‘The orientation of Burke's mind can be understood in terms of the Irish Enlightenment.’
    • ‘This has occurred because of differences in the worldviews and political orientations of economic analysts.’
    • ‘In doing so, these writers demonstrate that religious orientation is crucial to an investigation of how immigrant populations have adjusted to American society.’
    • ‘Everyone possesses unique orientations and abilities, so each individual will have capabilities that he can call his own.’
    • ‘Needless to say we were not - I don't even know the political orientations of the others who turned up.’
    • ‘Let us begin by acknowledging that Christians and business have different orientations.’
    attitude, inclination, direction, aim, intention
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1
  • 3Familiarization with something.

    ‘many judges give instructions to assist jury orientation’
    • ‘For instance, how many news organizations make plagiarism prevention a part of new employee orientation and continuing training efforts?’
    • ‘A further period of orientation and training was undertaken.’
    • ‘They do so through orientation sessions for new faculty members, training workshops for deans and chairs, their faculty handbooks, and their Web sites.’
    • ‘Annual focus on Board training and development will be incorporated in the spring Board orientation and planning retreat.’
    • ‘But after the election, the legislative assembly should invest much more in MLA orientation and training than it did the first time.’
    • ‘The second day would be acclimatisation and orientation.’
    • ‘Implement combined orientation training for Senior Executive Service civilians and general officers.’
    • ‘Their services include search, professional staffing, orientation and training and performance management support.’
    • ‘With this odd schedule during orientation at the new job, he won't be spending the days with me that he normally would.’
    • ‘He found that these pharmacists believed that students should not be relied upon to expand clinical services and that orientation and training are often time-consuming.’
    • ‘All participants who received standard orientation were automatically assigned to receive the routine, ongoing treatment at the clinic.’
    • ‘For user orientation, indicate the relationship of individual search results with the navigation scheme of the web site.’
    • ‘The more games are utilized, the more likely it is that staff will enjoy orientation and realize that they can implement those same games as lessons for their campers.’
    • ‘Foreign-educated nurses need extensive orientation and training in the US health care system.’
    • ‘All our weekends have been taken up since Christmas doing orientation and training throughout Ireland.’
    • ‘Mike walked me to the counter, and my training and orientation was done.’
    • ‘Nurse educators provided insight into the practicality of the protocol and assisted with organization of orientation for nursing staff.’
    • ‘In the five weeks that they are there, they will spend the first week in Dar Es Salam as a group and this is where their training and orientation will take place with the country NGO, Africa Alive.’
    • ‘Welcome new employees with a formal orientation program that lasts more than an hour.’
    • ‘In addition, each business must go through some training and orientation.’
    • ‘The key would be the human resource standard required, followed by the training, orientation and procedures to support this integrated service.’
    adaptation, adjustment, accommodation, familiarization, acclimatization, settling in
    induction, training, guidance, introduction, initiation, briefing
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1North American A course giving information to newcomers to a university or other institution.
      • ‘Freshman week orientation programs and workshops on coping with stress, although helpful, may still not be adequate.’
      • ‘It was a pleasant experience being asked to be the ‘keynote speaker’ at the orientation for new summer students at Sophia University a couple of weeks ago.’
      • ‘I remember how surprised I was to hear this at the new faculty orientation.’
      • ‘Program components were outlined during routine student orientation to the internal medicine rotation.’
      • ‘Stating your expectations shouldn't occur just once in orientation sessions or staff meetings.’
      • ‘The orientation introduces the students to interdisciplinary concepts and emphasizes the value of interdisciplinary training to their careers and patient care.’
      • ‘Ever since we met at freshman orientation last year, we've bumped heads.’
      • ‘The PDP adviser guides students through orientation, their first year of college and a required success course, PDP 150.’
      • ‘When you have freshman orientation, you receive a lot of material that explains the school's resources.’
      • ‘Education programs are held for students during orientation.’
      • ‘Brochures and orientations made it seem like junior high kids had more freedom, too, but that was just another lie.’
      • ‘Still haven't actually ‘met’ anyone since orientation though.’
      • ‘A number of faculty felt orientation should be expanded to include practical classroom teaching advice specific to the community college and its student population.’
      • ‘By the end of my first year, I had been elected to a leadership role for the coming year, overseeing the orientation of new students to Huron College.’
      • ‘The report recommended an extended orientation program for students of color that would occur simultaneously with the international students' orientation.’
      • ‘I trust that all of you will be able to get settled in by Sunday so I scheduled the second year orientation for Sunday at 3 in the afternoon.’
      • ‘The very day I arrived at college for freshman orientation week I was issued the student government's new-boy's handbook.’
      • ‘If your school has an orientation program for new students, this is an excellent opportunity to begin the discussion and development of professionalism.’
      • ‘I went to both faculty and residence orientation, which means I have a lot more white t-shirts than I'll ever wear, as one would be more than enough.’
      • ‘The schedule lists orientation at the main campus on Saturday, July 22, and first day of classes on Monday, July 24.’
      • ‘One was talking, the other listening, in what appeared to be an informal college orientation.’


Mid 19th century: apparently from orient.