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[mass noun] A reddish-brown heavy-scented addictive drug prepared from the juice of the opium poppy, used illicitly as a narcotic and occasionally in medicine as an analgesic:‘he was addicted to opium’
drug, narcotic, mind-altering drug, sedative, tranquillizer, depressant, sleeping pill, soporific, anaesthetic, painkiller, analgesic, anodyneView synonyms
- ‘But we have to remember that in the nineteenth century opium was a painkiller.’
- ‘Surgeons would attempt to stupefy the patient with alcohol, opium, or morphia, but with little effect.’
- ‘The uncle's wife is moved into the town house where she smokes opium on her bed everyday.’
- ‘Although he replied that he did not even know what opium looked like, his bags were emptied and searched.’
- ‘In 1804, while at Oxford, he had begun to take opium, and from 1812 he became an addict.’
- ‘Picasso had a brief flirtation with opium and hashish, during the Rose and Blue periods, but soon abandoned them.’
- ‘The Portuguese imported both tobacco and opium, and supplied a cheap instrument for addicts, the pipe.’
- ‘In the big house, there are also special rooms for smoking opium, playing mahjong and even fishing.’
- ‘At that time, about one-fifth of all opium brought into China was shipped on the Sassoon fleet.’
- ‘At Wadham he experimented with opium as an anaesthetic enabling doctors to perform prolonged surgery.’
- ‘Company ships were forbidden to carry opium, thus avoiding difficulties with the Canton authorities.’
- ‘Wood suffered from chronic instability in his personal life, and was heavily addicted to opium.’
- ‘With minimal discretion, sly-looking men lounge amidst bricks of hash and balls of opium.’
- ‘Both are controlled drugs, and staff handed the morphine and opium over to the Home Office Drugs Inspectorate.’
- ‘Prior to the criminalisation of cocaine and opium, organised crime had no reason to be involved in the drugs trade.’
- ‘Misawa also debunked the view that substitute crops need to be more profitable than illegal opium.’
- ‘Against the recurrent agony, Scott took dangerously large amounts of opium.’
- ‘This wasn't the boy who seemed to be high on opium every time I met him.’
- ‘These suggestions were based on evidence that showed that opium was addictive.’
- ‘Alexander has brought in a picture of himself smoking opium with tribes in Northern Thailand.’
the opium of the people (or masses)
Something regarded as inducing a false and unrealistic sense of contentment among people.
- ‘But in Bachelder's America, the corporation is king, entertainment is the opium of the masses and you are free to do exactly what you are told.’
- ‘Some papers are now part of the showbiz industry and for many, celebrity rather than religion is now the opium of the people.’
- ‘The well-known expression that religion is the opium of the people was made famous by Marx but was also used independently around the same time by the Christian reformer Charles Kingsley.’
- ‘Marx said that religion is the opium of the people.’
- ‘It's almost like the opium of the people that Karl Marx was talking about a century ago.’
- ‘Food has long been the opium of the masses.’
- ‘In a way, the lottery has become, as Mr Marx would have said, ‘the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of heartless conditions, the opium of the people.’’
- ‘Perhaps Tommy thinks mints are the opium of the masses but, seeing him there, Curran immediately withdrew the Polos and handed them back to Rosie.’
- ‘Football was viewed by a man whose business judgement is rarely wrong, as the opium of the masses and the quickest way to shift satellite dishes.’
- ‘Marx called religion the heart of a heartless world, the soul of a soulless condition, the opium of the people.’
Late Middle English: via Latin from Greek opion poppy juice, from opos juice, from an Indo-European root meaning water.
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