Definition of operation in English:

operation

noun

  • 1mass noun The action of functioning or the fact of being active or in effect.

    ‘restrictions on the operation of market forces’
    ‘the company's first hotel is now in operation’
    • ‘Since 1997, some 40 hospitals and 550 schools are under construction or in operation.’
    • ‘The company has eight power plants in operation and seven under construction.’
    • ‘The provincial power shortage will be eased when the Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant is put into operation at the end of this year, he said.’
    • ‘In fact one has been in operation near Helston, Cornwall, for at least 12 months.’
    • ‘There will also be a rental scheme in operation for owners, a fact which may spark a good deal of Irish investor interest.’
    • ‘Agents say the tunnel had been under construction for nearly a year and was recently put into operation.’
    • ‘They will be used initially by Derbyshire police force, which hopes to have its system in operation by mid-2002.’
    • ‘That force is still in operation until you cancel it out.’
    • ‘Speed restrictions are in operation at the moment to ensure that the tracks are safe whilst the checking is completed.’
    • ‘Monitoring over the coming months will evaluate the effectiveness in operation and safety.’
    • ‘Does that mean that the small hilly State has effectively put into operation a strong system of education?’
    • ‘By 1812 Jefferson had three threshing machines in operation, two powered by horses and one by a waterwheel.’
    • ‘In fact, there are two conflicting economies in operation in Britain.’
    • ‘Maybe I don't but there needs to be work done even if just to prove that the Placebo effect is in operation.’
    • ‘But the new powers will not be in operation in York until next month and will only apply to cars of no value that have been vandalised or torched.’
    • ‘Tested on a track in Italy, they proved both smooth and very effective in operation and bring worthwhile safety advances.’
    • ‘At their peak 20,000 trolleybuses, which run on wheels and are powered by overhead electric cables, were in operation in the UK.’
    • ‘The task force will be in operation until May 20 when the newly-elected president takes office.’
    • ‘There are about 17 million energised tube wells in operation all over India running on subsidized power or diesel.’
    • ‘These mechanisms and powers are always in operation even when empirically the rate of profit is rising.’
    functioning, working, running, performance, action, behaviour
    functioning, working, running, up and running, operative, in use, in action, going
    effect, force, potency, power, effectiveness
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1count noun An active process; a discharge of a function.
      ‘the operations of the mind’
      • ‘No button and keyboard can be found and all the operations can be functioned by vocal message.’
      • ‘The PCS runs its own applications, which have very little to do with the actual main function operations in a module.’
      • ‘The post incineration process includes six cleansing operations to remove pollutants from the flue gasses.’
      • ‘The laws that empower the minister of Local Government to regulate the operations and functions of local authorities are still in place.’
      • ‘Functional neuroimaging purports to offer just such a direct window on the mind's operations.’
      • ‘The literature on chain ownership's effects on editorial page functions and operations is divided.’
      • ‘Identify the key functions and their inter-dependencies with other operations so that you can prioritise the recovery process.’
      • ‘Judge Mick Brown did an excellent job of reviewing the functions and operations of the department.’
      • ‘As we said last November, they're not mentioned in the Reserve Bank Act 1959 or its own overview of its functions and operations.’
      • ‘I think we need really a significant shake-up, and a change in the processes and operations of the agency.’
      • ‘In the context of the native-title process, and the operations of state bureaucracy in general, mind is privileged over body.’
      • ‘There is nothing like an arbitrary set of symbols to fix the operations of the mind.’
      • ‘About 170 lines control the sails and yards, so every member of the crew must be familiar with these operations and functions.’
      • ‘At their peak in 1994, there were over twenty such active operations.’
      • ‘There is a central reporting mechanism for the operations but the functions are run in a fragmented manner across the different markets.’
      • ‘The Central government prohibited a number of processes and operations, except with its prior permission.’
      • ‘Topics ranged from fuels for missile operations to human bodily functions in space.’
      • ‘Because these operations discharge uneaten food, pesticides and fish waste into the ocean, they need permits.’
      • ‘The attorney general really has no direct relation to the operation and function of the election operations in each of these counties.’
      • ‘The software's main advantage is its ability to be user-friendly, while handling complex processing operations in the background.’
  • 2An act of surgery performed on a patient.

    ‘I've never felt better since my bypass operation’
    • ‘They not only provide preventive and basic curative health care but also perform family planning procedures and other surgical operations.’
    • ‘It provides a solution to the old problem of what legal rule allows a casualty surgeon to perform an urgent operation on an unconscious patient who is brought into hospital.’
    • ‘Cardiac surgical procedures are among the most commonly performed operations in the United States.’
    • ‘In the present study, all operations were performed by one surgeon, avoiding variation in surgical technique as a cause of altered blood loss.’
    • ‘Doctors are so scared of being sued that many will refuse to treat high-risk patients or perform difficult operations, medical experts have warned.’
    • ‘This complication is dependent upon the general state of health of the patient and the extent of the operation performed.’
    • ‘In the past three months, the hospital has treated 26,000 patients and performed 300 operations.’
    • ‘The scheme will then be rolled out to reduce the backlog of patients waiting for other operations such as cataract surgery or hip and knee replacements.’
    • ‘Vasectomy can easily be performed as an outpatient operation under local anaesthetic.’
    • ‘Doctors abandoned up to a dozen heart operations, including by-pass surgery, after the blunder was discovered last Thursday.’
    • ‘The hospital where he treated patients and performed operations is no more.’
    • ‘To avoid this problem, some surgeons perform coronary bypass operations on beating hearts.’
    • ‘The unit will be able to correct various visual problems and perform life-changing operations that will allow patients to see again.’
    • ‘The operation is performed under cardiopulmonary bypass and deep hypothermia.’
    • ‘One of the commonest operations performed in Australia is gall bladder removal: the cholecystectomy, usually for gall stones.’
    • ‘As surgery becomes more precise, faster and safer, related operations are more frequently performed at the same time.’
    • ‘Patients can visit day surgery units for small operations and be allowed to return home later in the day or evening.’
    • ‘The operation is performed in an operating theatre while you are lying down on your back.’
    • ‘We did not study in detail whether the change in sexual activity before and after hysterectomy was related to the operation performed or to other circumstances in life.’
    • ‘You may also be asked to avoid eating or drinking from the evening before the surgery until the operation is complete.’
    surgery, surgical operation, surgical intervention, major surgery, minor surgery
    View synonyms
  • 3An organized activity involving a number of people.

    ‘a rescue operation’
    in names ‘Operation Desert Storm’
    • ‘Arguably they are too late, since the unprecedented military operation staged to rescue her was itself a made for-TV movie directed by the Pentagon.’
    • ‘In other countries, media are simply banned from covering military operations except for passing on government statements.’
    • ‘Because assassination is an act of war, such activities should always be considered a military operation.’
    • ‘The official avoided making specific comments on the possibility of a U.S.-led military operation to rescue Koda.’
    • ‘Tribals, incensed by the military operations, could reject the dominion of the federal government.’
    • ‘Second, relief operations run by the military carry the risk that they become a ruse to conduct military operations under the guise of supposedly providing assistance.’
    • ‘Before the recent military operations began in Afghanistan doubters claimed that the enterprise would end in disaster, but the coalition's aims were all met.’
    • ‘The CPS is responsible for ‘political control and strategic management’ during military operations.’
    • ‘He has also noted that about half the cases this year occurred during active hostilities or combat operations in the Persian Gulf.’
    • ‘But first, we begin with two military operations, both of which may be tainted somewhat with controversy.’
    • ‘His leadership combined military operations, government administration, and economic management.’
    • ‘Mercado said four soldiers have so far been wounded in the military rescue operation launched by the government in the early hours of Saturday.’
    • ‘On the ground, peacekeeping operations demonstrate the broadening functions of armies.’
    • ‘In November, the Indian government announced that military operations against the guerrilla groups were unilaterally halted.’
    • ‘Stalin at first panicked, but then assumed personal control over military operations.’
    • ‘He plans to do this by giving control of military operations and lucrative contracts to the United Nations.’
    • ‘The government often retaliates with military operations and air strikes.’
    • ‘It would direct defensive military operations should the United States be attacked.’
    • ‘Previously the US has had problems with countries not letting them use their bases for military operations and in directly deploying troops to war zones.’
    • ‘I'm willing to give greater powers to an intelligence director provided we do not give him the power to direct military operations.’
    action, activity, exercise, affair, business, undertaking, step, enterprise, task, job, process, procedure, manoeuvre, campaign
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 A business organization; a company.
      ‘he reopened his operation under a different name’
      • ‘Estate agents are being offered the chance to turn their businesses into round-the-clock operations, selling homes during both the day and night.’
      • ‘Des, struggling to establish his new business as a one-man operation, gets to grips with new briefs - and not just the legal kind.’
      • ‘One method allows organic dairy operations to employ a one-year conversion.’
      • ‘But too many traditional members' golf clubs fail to recognise that most of Scotland's new courses are commercial operations run as leisure businesses.’
      • ‘Skip forward six months and we find a much different biodiesel-making operation.’
      • ‘At the lower levels of business activities within this sector are very small operations that employ as few as five employees at maximum.’
      • ‘Two of the bee keepers ran commercial operations involving as many as 800 hives, while many of the rest ran about 20 hives each.’
      • ‘Migrants from other islands working for the mining operation or smaller businesses are people who have been accustomed to working hours.’
      • ‘Most companies have not made the transition from being multi-region organizations to truly global operations.’
      • ‘Although starting up an e-tailing operation often makes good business sense, it can make for a bear of a rollout.’
      • ‘That nice couple operate a dial-a-driver business as a part-time operation.’
      • ‘Inquiries about a private operation produced an estimate of £19,000.’
      • ‘Today, the companies are vastly different operations and producing returns at opposite ends of the scale for their owners.’
      • ‘They recently opened a second operation in a different part of Dobsonville, and their business continues its phenomenal growth.’
      • ‘Businesses can range from a one-person operation through to those employing a sizeable workforce.’
      business, enterprise, company, firm, organization, concern
      View synonyms
    2. 3.2 An activity in which a business is involved.
      ‘the company is selling most of its commercial banking operations’
      • ‘He called on the government to help reschedule loan repayments for those businesses with solid operations and good credit.’
      • ‘I'm not really involved in the day-to-day operations of the business, but I'm trying to get more and more involved.’
      • ‘Not so long ago - three or four years - online operations were a business afterthought at newspapers.’
      • ‘The innovator innovates, only to end up managing the mundane day-to-day operations of a company.’
      • ‘For the past year, the company has been putting in place the foundations of change, planning changes to its commercial operations and its style that it hopes will turn the business around.’
      • ‘China is of particular interest to HSBC, which will continue to use Hong Kong as the base for its banking operations.’
      • ‘Hence, its staff members had not developed and acquired adequate skills in those two core elements of banking operations.’
      • ‘Proxy voting is often the sole means by which investors can have a say in the business operations and societal activities of their company or mutual fund.’
      • ‘The company will locate most of its back office functions for its operations in Europe, Middle East, Africa and Asia in Dublin.’
      • ‘The business is now mature enough for him to leave day-to-day operations to a management team.’
      • ‘The sequence of banking operations involved in payment turns, in part, on whether there is a credit transfer or debit transfer.’
      • ‘They are long on management talent and typically expect to be involved in the day-to-day operations of acquired businesses.’
      • ‘Participants in the program not only learn how to bake, serve food, and the basic operations of running a business, they also learn how to do laundry, banking and shop.’
      • ‘For the last twelve months or so a trial milking program has been undertaken to test the feasibility of a commercial operation later on.’
      • ‘The company undergoing Chapter 11 expects to return to normal business operations and sound financial health in the future.’
      • ‘A franchisee by contrast will have far less freedom in the day-to-day operations of the business.’
      • ‘The parent firm in France will increase its holding in Thai operations and the company is trying to catch the wave of returning consumer confidence.’
      • ‘Shops closed for business and normal operations ceased as close family gathered for the moving repatriation ceremony.’
      • ‘The daily operations of American business have assumed a criminal character.’
      • ‘The LDC undertakes all commercial operations for the benefit of the Larrakia people.’
  • 4Mathematics
    A process in which a number, quantity, expression, etc., is altered or manipulated according to set formal rules, such as those of addition, multiplication, and differentiation.

    • ‘Is she over-generalizing the order of operations, thinking that multiplication takes precedence over division?’
    • ‘The inverse of an operation undoes the operation: division undoes multiplication.’
    • ‘Problems can be created to cover all math operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division!’
    • ‘That is addition, multiplication and the two inverse operations of subtraction and division.’
    • ‘For example, one can have a group in which the objects are numbers and the combining operation is addition or multiplication.’

Phrases

  • come into (or go out of) operation

    • Begin (or cease) functioning or having effect.

      ‘our new system has come into operation’
      • ‘He may have entered Ireland before the database came into operation in 2001.’
      • ‘Cooperative managers were asked what local employment and business impact would be felt by the local economy if the cooperative were to go out of operation.’
      • ‘Traffic chaos could be on the cards as the council announced that the new one-way traffic system will come into operation on May 25.’
      • ‘Please note that most of the VAT amendments have come into operation on 1 October.’
      • ‘Workers stopped work when all the toilets in the building went out of operation.’
      • ‘The town's pay parking system is due to come into operation early next year.’
      • ‘In the meantime a rota system came into operation whereby the children took turns to weed, water, and generally care for the seedling vegetables.’
  • put something into operation

    • Cause something to begin functioning or having effect.

      ‘the government is going to put this plan into operation’
      • ‘The group is putting the cameras into operation because the road has a bad record of crashes.’
      • ‘The first round of the new project will be put into operation in March.’
      • ‘The announcement had not come as a complete surprise and airlines involved had put contingency plans into operation.’
      • ‘A helicopter and the emergency services went to the scene and a rescue plan was put into operation.’
      • ‘This system has never been fully put into operation since its launch.’

Origin

Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin operatio(n-), from the verb operari ‘expend labour on’ (see operate).

Pronunciation

operation

/ɒpəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/