Definition of ontology in English:

ontology

noun

  • 1mass noun The branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being.

    • ‘Yet there has been real overlap between philosophy and cognitive science in ontology.’
    • ‘This particular official chooses not to be limited by scientific ontology.’
    • ‘Plato's ontology was contained in his theory of Ideas or Forms.’
    • ‘One might have a generic naturalistic ontology - everything is the result of mechanistic processes.’
    • ‘The argument was directed at the individualist ontology of existentialism in favour of a more communitarian one.’
    • ‘It was not all that concerned with the ontology or metaphysics of the natural sciences.’
    • ‘The argument operated at the level of the fundamental ontology of the rival philosophies.’
    • ‘What is the value of a vitalist materialism compared to say Adorno's materialist ontology?’
    • ‘What is being questioned in Heidegger's ontology is the move from existent to existence.’
    • ‘This question, we have seen, is also a central concern in Mead's ontology and epistemology.’
    • ‘These include matters of epistemology, ontology, semantics, and logic.’
    • ‘For such reasons as these Heidegger believes that ontology and phenomenology coincide.’
    • ‘From the philosophical point of view, what this teaching does is to shift the focus of investigation from ontology to epistemology.’
    • ‘Yet defending praise and blame is not simply a matter of moral ontology and epistemology.’
    • ‘Since epistemology follows ontology, humans are the ones that determine what is true and what it not true.’
    • ‘Recourse to sets, on the other hand, is a drastic ontological move, a retreat from the austere ontology of impressions.’
    • ‘Heidegger interprets such judgements as belonging to general metaphysics or ontology.’
    • ‘Thus, morals, I reckon, are derived from truths about ontology.’
    • ‘Hegel develops his rational ontology of gender within a logic of oppositions.’
    • ‘Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy consisting of ontology and cosmology.’
  • 2A set of concepts and categories in a subject area or domain that shows their properties and the relations between them.

    ‘what's new about our ontology is that it is created automatically from large datasets’
    ‘we're using ontologies to capture and analyse some of the knowledge in our department’
    • ‘This report is verified by all the authors and is used to measure the quality of the released ontology.’
    • ‘Cyc is an artificial intelligence project that attempts to assemble a comprehensive ontology and knowledge base of everyday common sense knowledge, with the goal of enabling AI applications to perform human-like reasoning.’
    • ‘The challenge of reading proprietary logs is immediately solved by virtue of the semantic ontology, so it's no longer necessary to examine each console separately.’
    • ‘The application allows the users to inspect the ontology, make queries to it and propose changes.’
    • ‘He's in charge of maintaining an ontology composed of 400,000 concepts and which uses Description Logic based definitions.’
    • ‘This will upload the ontologies as well as the workflows.’
    • ‘Once in an ontology, semantic reasoning can be applied to establish any inconsistencies in the ontology and to derive new information.’
    • ‘In this case the batch process operates on the full ontology, that is 400,000 concepts and 1.5 million relationships between them.’
    • ‘The site supports the formal representation of systems via metamodels or ontologies that richly describe application objects, their attributes, and the nature of their relationships with each other.’
    • ‘I don't believe in hierarchical ontologies.’

Origin

Early 18th century: from modern Latin ontologia, from Greek ōn, ont- ‘being’ + -logy.

Pronunciation

ontology

/ɒnˈtɒlədʒi/