Definition of ontology in English:

ontology

noun

  • 1mass noun The branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being.

    • ‘What is being questioned in Heidegger's ontology is the move from existent to existence.’
    • ‘The argument was directed at the individualist ontology of existentialism in favour of a more communitarian one.’
    • ‘This question, we have seen, is also a central concern in Mead's ontology and epistemology.’
    • ‘What is the value of a vitalist materialism compared to say Adorno's materialist ontology?’
    • ‘Yet defending praise and blame is not simply a matter of moral ontology and epistemology.’
    • ‘These include matters of epistemology, ontology, semantics, and logic.’
    • ‘Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy consisting of ontology and cosmology.’
    • ‘Yet there has been real overlap between philosophy and cognitive science in ontology.’
    • ‘Recourse to sets, on the other hand, is a drastic ontological move, a retreat from the austere ontology of impressions.’
    • ‘This particular official chooses not to be limited by scientific ontology.’
    • ‘Heidegger interprets such judgements as belonging to general metaphysics or ontology.’
    • ‘It was not all that concerned with the ontology or metaphysics of the natural sciences.’
    • ‘One might have a generic naturalistic ontology - everything is the result of mechanistic processes.’
    • ‘Thus, morals, I reckon, are derived from truths about ontology.’
    • ‘From the philosophical point of view, what this teaching does is to shift the focus of investigation from ontology to epistemology.’
    • ‘The argument operated at the level of the fundamental ontology of the rival philosophies.’
    • ‘Hegel develops his rational ontology of gender within a logic of oppositions.’
    • ‘Since epistemology follows ontology, humans are the ones that determine what is true and what it not true.’
    • ‘For such reasons as these Heidegger believes that ontology and phenomenology coincide.’
    • ‘Plato's ontology was contained in his theory of Ideas or Forms.’
  • 2A set of concepts and categories in a subject area or domain that shows their properties and the relations between them.

    ‘what's new about our ontology is that it is created automatically from large datasets’
    ‘we're using ontologies to capture and analyse some of the knowledge in our department’
    • ‘This will upload the ontologies as well as the workflows.’
    • ‘Once in an ontology, semantic reasoning can be applied to establish any inconsistencies in the ontology and to derive new information.’
    • ‘The application allows the users to inspect the ontology, make queries to it and propose changes.’
    • ‘Cyc is an artificial intelligence project that attempts to assemble a comprehensive ontology and knowledge base of everyday common sense knowledge, with the goal of enabling AI applications to perform human-like reasoning.’
    • ‘The challenge of reading proprietary logs is immediately solved by virtue of the semantic ontology, so it's no longer necessary to examine each console separately.’
    • ‘He's in charge of maintaining an ontology composed of 400,000 concepts and which uses Description Logic based definitions.’
    • ‘In this case the batch process operates on the full ontology, that is 400,000 concepts and 1.5 million relationships between them.’
    • ‘The site supports the formal representation of systems via metamodels or ontologies that richly describe application objects, their attributes, and the nature of their relationships with each other.’
    • ‘I don't believe in hierarchical ontologies.’
    • ‘This report is verified by all the authors and is used to measure the quality of the released ontology.’

Origin

Early 18th century: from modern Latin ontologia, from Greek ōn, ont- ‘being’ + -logy.

Pronunciation

ontology

/ɒnˈtɒlədʒi/