Definition of ontology in English:

ontology

noun

  • 1[mass noun] The branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being.

    • ‘What is being questioned in Heidegger's ontology is the move from existent to existence.’
    • ‘What is the value of a vitalist materialism compared to say Adorno's materialist ontology?’
    • ‘Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy consisting of ontology and cosmology.’
    • ‘This particular official chooses not to be limited by scientific ontology.’
    • ‘This question, we have seen, is also a central concern in Mead's ontology and epistemology.’
    • ‘From the philosophical point of view, what this teaching does is to shift the focus of investigation from ontology to epistemology.’
    • ‘Hegel develops his rational ontology of gender within a logic of oppositions.’
    • ‘Since epistemology follows ontology, humans are the ones that determine what is true and what it not true.’
    • ‘The argument was directed at the individualist ontology of existentialism in favour of a more communitarian one.’
    • ‘Yet defending praise and blame is not simply a matter of moral ontology and epistemology.’
    • ‘Thus, morals, I reckon, are derived from truths about ontology.’
    • ‘Plato's ontology was contained in his theory of Ideas or Forms.’
    • ‘These include matters of epistemology, ontology, semantics, and logic.’
    • ‘One might have a generic naturalistic ontology - everything is the result of mechanistic processes.’
    • ‘The argument operated at the level of the fundamental ontology of the rival philosophies.’
    • ‘Heidegger interprets such judgements as belonging to general metaphysics or ontology.’
    • ‘For such reasons as these Heidegger believes that ontology and phenomenology coincide.’
    • ‘Yet there has been real overlap between philosophy and cognitive science in ontology.’
    • ‘Recourse to sets, on the other hand, is a drastic ontological move, a retreat from the austere ontology of impressions.’
    • ‘It was not all that concerned with the ontology or metaphysics of the natural sciences.’
  • 2A set of concepts and categories in a subject area or domain that shows their properties and the relations between them:

    ‘what's new about our ontology is that it is created automatically from large datasets’
    ‘we're using ontologies to capture and analyse some of the knowledge in our department’
    • ‘The application allows the users to inspect the ontology, make queries to it and propose changes.’
    • ‘He's in charge of maintaining an ontology composed of 400,000 concepts and which uses Description Logic based definitions.’
    • ‘In this case the batch process operates on the full ontology, that is 400,000 concepts and 1.5 million relationships between them.’
    • ‘The site supports the formal representation of systems via metamodels or ontologies that richly describe application objects, their attributes, and the nature of their relationships with each other.’
    • ‘The challenge of reading proprietary logs is immediately solved by virtue of the semantic ontology, so it's no longer necessary to examine each console separately.’
    • ‘This report is verified by all the authors and is used to measure the quality of the released ontology.’
    • ‘I don't believe in hierarchical ontologies.’
    • ‘Cyc is an artificial intelligence project that attempts to assemble a comprehensive ontology and knowledge base of everyday common sense knowledge, with the goal of enabling AI applications to perform human-like reasoning.’
    • ‘Once in an ontology, semantic reasoning can be applied to establish any inconsistencies in the ontology and to derive new information.’
    • ‘This will upload the ontologies as well as the workflows.’

Origin

Early 18th century: from modern Latin ontologia, from Greek ōn, ont- being + -logy.

Pronunciation:

ontology

/ɒnˈtɒlədʒi/