Definition of onchocerciasis in English:



  • technical term for river blindness
    • ‘He wanted to know what was wrong with the six-year-old girl with opaque corneas (probably from the highly prevalent infection onchocerciasis causing ‘river blindness’).’
    • ‘These efforts will be similar to the integrated control programmes for onchocerciasis in Africa and the Americas, which are based on interrupting transmission.’
    • ‘In third-world countries, it has been used to treat onchocerciasis in pregnant and nursing women, with no teratogenic effects observed.’
    • ‘Both onchocerciasis and malaria were given global priority for eradication, with global, regional, and national commitment in the form of political backing and financial and technical resources.’
    • ‘The first clinical trials were done in people having onchocerciasis infections.’
    • ‘Ivermectin has been used in humans to treat millions of cases of onchocerciasis, other filariases, and intestinal nematodal infections such as strongyloidiasis.’
    • ‘Ivermectin is an antihelmintic agent used to control onchocerciasis and other parasitoses in humans and has been used for treatment of scabies in animals.’
    • ‘The companies that manufacture drugs for elimination of onchocerciasis, filariasis, and trachoma have agreed to donate them for as long as required.’
    • ‘Onchocerciasis is the world's second leading infectious cause of blindness.’
    • ‘Hard to reach communities who are already being reached by these other programmes, such as those to control onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis, could at the same time be given bed nets.’
    • ‘Much of the interest centers on two prescient suggestions made by the two scientists in their 1977 paper on Onchocerca volvulus, the filarial worm that causes onchocerciasis.’
    • ‘After training in ophthalmology he went to west Africa where he became the World Health Organization's expert on the ophthalmic complications of onchocerciasis.’
    • ‘The parasitic disease ‘river blindness, ‘or onchocerciasis, is also widespread in the south.’’
    • ‘Onchocerciasis eliminated from west Africa: Officials from the World Health Organization last week celebrated the elimination of onchocerciasis, or river blindness, as a public health threat in west Africa.’
    • ‘Groups in Germany have tested standard antibacterial drugs in animals and started a long-term trial of tetracycline for onchocerciasis in Africa.’
    • ‘Pharmaceutical companies could send interesting compounds to be tested to see if their new drug had an effect against some of the important tropical diseases, including onchocerciasis.’
    • ‘Regular contact with water also makes women prone to water-borne diseases such as Schistosomiasis, onchocerciasis and dracunculosis (spread by guinea worms).’
    • ‘Wolbachia are bacterial symbionts of the major human filarias, including Onchocerca volvulus, the parasitic nematode that causes onchocerciasis.’
    • ‘The treatment marked the 15th anniversary of Merck & Company's MDP, a campaign that has combatted onchocerciasis, more commonly known as river blindness, through the free supply of the drug to any country that needed it.’
    • ‘These include lymphatic filariasis, the soil-transmitted helminthiases, schistosomiasis, dracunculiasis and onchocerciasis.’


Early 20th century: from modern Latin Onchocerca (from Greek onkos ‘barb’ + kerkos ‘tail’) + -iasis.